Climate change: Challenging democracies, challenging parties
Not peer reviewed
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Climate change has emerged as the most prominent contemporary environmental issue, and poses several challenges to democratic processes. Democracies are struggling to integrate climate concern, and political parties attempt to shape the issue of climate change according to their existing policies and established conflict dimensions. The dissertation investigates climate politics, and seeks to understand what kind of political issue climate change is, and how democracies and political parties respond to climate change as a global environmental threat. Three different hypotheses are presented on how the issue of climate change relates to the dominating cleavages in politics, between state and market, and between environmental protection and economic growth. In order to do so, a framework for categorization is developed. The empirical analyses point to climate change as a multidimensional issue rather than being a leftist issue.
Essay 1: Climate politics: Freedom, coercion and limits to democracy. A version in Norwegian has been accepted for publication in Berdinesen and Torjussen (eds.): Klimaetikk. Oslo; Dreyer forlag, forthcoming.Essay 2: Giving content to new politics. From broad hypothesis to empirical analysis using Norwegian manifesto data on climate change. Published in Party Politics, 2014, 20 (6): 930-939. The published version is available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1354068812462923Essay 3: Coalitions, consensus and climate change. Climate policy in Norwegian coalition agreements 1989-2013. Earlier versions in Norwegian were published in Norsk statsvitenskapelig tidsskrift, 2013, 29 (2): 159-165, and in Eide, Elgesem, Gloppen and Rakner (eds.): Klima, medier og politikk. Oslo; Abstrakt forlag, 2014, 101-118.Essay 4: More than Markets: A Comparative Study of Nine Conservative Parties on Climate Change. Accepted for publication in Politics & Policy, 2015, 43 (4). The published version is available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/polp.12122