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dc.contributor.authorJacobsen, Kaya Kvarme
dc.contributor.authorKleppe, Rune
dc.contributor.authorJohansson, Stefan
dc.contributor.authorZayats, Tetyana
dc.contributor.authorHaavik, Jan
dc.identifier.citationAmerican Journal of Medical Genetics Part B: Neuropsychiatric Genetics 2015, 168(6):423-432eng
dc.description.abstractMonoamines critically modulate neurophysiological functions affected in several neuropsychiatric disorders. We therefore examined genes encoding key enzymes of catecholamine and serotonin biosynthesis (tyrosine and tryptophan hydroxylases—TH and TPH1/2) as well as their regulatory 14-3-3 proteins (encoded by YWHA-genes). Previous studies have focused mainly on the individual genes, but no analysis spanning this regulatory network has been reported. We explored interactions between these genes in Norwegian patients with adult attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (aADHD), followed by gene-complex association tests in four major neuropsychiatric conditions; childhood ADHD (cADHD), bipolar disorder, schizophrenia, and major depressive disorder. For interaction analyses, we evaluated 55 SNPs across these genes in a sample of 583 aADHD patients and 637 controls. For the gene-complex tests, we utilized the data from large-scale studies of The Psychiatric Genomics Consortium (PGC). The four major neuropsychiatric disorders were examined for association with each of the genes individually as well as in three complexes as follows: (1) TPH1 and YWHA-genes; (2) TH, TPH2 and YWHA-genes; and (3) all genes together. The results show suggestive epistasis between YWHAE and two other 14-3-3-genes - YWHAZ, YWHAQ - in aADHD (nominal P-value of 0.0005 and 0.0008, respectively). In PGC data, association between YWHAE and schizophrenia was noted (P = 1.00E-05), whereas the combination of TPH1 and YWHA-genes revealed signs of association in cADHD, schizophrenia, and bipolar disorder. In conclusion, polymorphisms in the YWHA-genes and their targets may exert a cumulative effect in ADHD and related neuropsychiatric conditions, warranting the need for further investigation of these gene-complexes.eng
dc.rightsAttribution CC BY-NC-NDeng
dc.titleEpistatic and gene wide effects in YWHA and aromatic amino hydroxylase genes across ADHD and other common neuropsychiatric disorders: Association with YWHAEeng
dc.typeJournal articleeng
dc.rights.holderCopyright 2015 The Authorseng
bora.peerreviewedPeer reviewedeng
dc.type.documentJournal article

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