Improving Potable Water Accessibility And Sustainability Through Efficient Management Of Pipe Water Supply System
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This paper discusses how to improve potable water accessibility and sustainability through efficient management of pipe water supply system a case study of Uganda, Kampala region. Kampala the capital city of Uganda still faces a challenge to access clean potable water. Water supply coverage is 77.5 % showing at least 22.5 % of the total population has limited access to potable drinking water causing a gap between water supply and water demand. Hypotheses of the paper were that the city's population is increasing rapidly with an annual urbanization rate of 4.8% this has put pressure on the pipe water infrastructure in terms of expansion and maintenance. Also the functioning pipes in place are too few to provide enough water for the growing population demand. The paper aimed at identifying and prioritizing possible policies on how the gap between the water supply and consumer water demand could be reduced .In that respect a review of both the current pipe water supply system was modelled using a system dynamics approach to allow model and policy testing through computer simulations as well as to validate the different hypotheses. The results showed that the increase in functioning pipes would greatly improve potable water supply however this can only be done with enough available funds. The water board management can achieve this through donations from non-government organizations, loans and customer support in terms of paying their water bills.
PublisherThe University of Bergen
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