Oral appliance treatment in moderate and severe obstructive sleep apnoea patients non-adherent to CPAP
MetadataShow full item record
The aim of this retrospective study was to evaluate the effect of individually adjusted custom-made mandibular advancement device/oral appliance (OA) in treatment of patients with moderate and severe obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA), who were non-adherent to continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) therapy. During 2007-2013, 116 patients with moderate (n = 82) and severe (n = 34) OSA non-adherent to CPAP treatment were referred for dental management with an individually adjusted OA at a specialist sleep clinic. Ten of the participants (8·6%) were lost to follow-up, leaving the data set to consist of 106 patients (71 men/35 women, mean age 57 year, range 28-90). Nocturnal respiratory polygraphic recordings were performed at baseline and follow-up. Average time between baseline polygraphy and follow-up was 12 months. A successful OA treatment outcome was based on polygraphy at the follow-up and divided into three groups: 1 = AHI <5; 2 = 5 ≤ AHI <10 and >50% reduction in baseline AHI; and 3. >50% reduction in baseline AHI. If there was a ≤ 50% reduction in baseline AHI at the follow-up, the treatment was considered as a failure. The overall treatment success rate was 75%. There was no significant difference in success rates between patients in the moderate and severe categories (69% and 77%, respectively). Low oxygen saturation (SpO2 nadir) had a high predictive value for OA treatment failure. OA treatment of patients non-adherent to CPAP is efficient and especially promising for the severe OSA group who are at greatest risks for developing serious comorbidities, if left untreated.
CitationJournal of Oral Rehabilitation 2015
Subjectcontinuous positive airway pressuremandibular advancementmedical deviceobstructive sleep apnoeaoximetrysomnography
Copyright 2015 the authors