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dc.contributor.authorShikur, Bilal
dc.contributor.authorDeressa, Wakgari
dc.contributor.authorLindtjørn, Bernt
dc.date.accessioned2016-06-27T11:11:21Z
dc.date.available2016-06-27T11:11:21Z
dc.date.issued2016-02-19
dc.identifier.citationBMC Public Health. 2016 Feb 19;16(1):174eng
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1956/12193
dc.description.abstractBackground Malaria and malnutrition are the major causes of morbidity and mortality in under-five children in developing countries such as Ethiopia. Malnutrition is the associated cause for about half of the deaths that occur among under-five children in developing countries. However, the relationship between malnutrition and malaria is controversial still, and it has also not been well documented in Ethiopia. The aim of this study was to assess whether malnutrition is associated with malaria among under-five children. Methods A case–control study was conducted in Adami Tulu District of East Shewa Zone in Oromia Regional State, Ethiopia. Cases were all under-five children who are diagnosed with malaria at health posts and health centres. The diagnosis was made using either rapid diagnostic tests or microscopy. Controls were apparently healthy under-five children recruited from the community where cases resided. The selection of the controls was based on World Health Organization (WHO) cluster sampling method. A total of 428 children were included. Mothers/caretakers of under-five children were interviewed using pre-tested structured questionnaire prepared for this purpose. The nutritional status of the children was assessed using an anthropometric method and analyzed using WHO Anthro software. A multivariate logistic analysis model was used to determine predictors of malaria. Results Four hundred twenty eight under-five children comprising 107 cases and 321 controls were included in this study. Prevalence of wasting was higher among cases (17.8 %) than the controls (9.3 %). Similarly, the prevalence of stunting was 50.5 % and 45.2 % among cases and controls, respectively. Severe wasting [Adjusted Odds Ratio (AOR) =2.9, 95 % CI (1.14, 7.61)] and caretakers who had no education [AOR = 3, 95 % CI (1.27, 7.10)] were independently associated with malarial attack among under-five children. Conclusion Children who were severely wasted and had uneducated caretakers had higher odds of malarial attack. Therefore, special attention should be given for severely wasted children in the prevention and control of malaria.eng
dc.language.isoengeng
dc.publisherBioMed Centraleng
dc.rightsAttribution CC BY 4.0eng
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0eng
dc.subjectEthiopiaeng
dc.subjectMalariaeng
dc.subjectMalnutritioneng
dc.subjectCase-controleng
dc.titleAssociation between malaria and malnutrition among children aged under-five years in Adami Tulu District, south-central Ethiopia: a case–control studyeng
dc.typeJournal articleeng
dc.date.updated2016-02-24T12:58:14Z
dc.language.rfc3066en
dc.rights.holderCopyright Shikur et al. 2016eng
dc.type.versionpublishedVersioneng
bora.peerreviewedPeer reviewedeng
dc.identifier.doi10.1186/s12889-016-2838-yeng
noa.nsiVDP::Medisinske Fag: 700eng


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Attribution CC BY 4.0
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Attribution CC BY 4.0