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dc.contributor.authorDahle, Geir Olav
dc.contributor.authorSalminen, Pirjo-Riitta
dc.contributor.authorMoen, Christian Arvei
dc.contributor.authorEliassen, Finn
dc.contributor.authorNygreen, Else Loholdt
dc.contributor.authorKytö, Ville
dc.contributor.authorSaukko, Pekka
dc.contributor.authorHaaverstad, Rune
dc.contributor.authorMatre, Knut
dc.contributor.authorGrong, Ketil
dc.identifier.citationDahle GO, Salminen P, Moen CA, Eliassen F, Nygreen EL, Kytö, Saukko, Haaverstad R, Matre K, Grong K. Carvedilol-enriched cold oxygenated blood cardioplegia improves left ventricular diastolic function after weaning from cardiopulmonary bypass. Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia. 2016;30(4):859-868eng
dc.description.abstract<p>Objectives: To investigate whether adding carvedilol, a nonselective &beta;- and selective &alpha;1-receptor blocking agent with antioxidant properties, to oxygenated blood cardioplegia improves myocardial function after weaning from bypass.</p> <p>Design: A randomized controlled study.</p> <p>Setting: A university laboratory.</p> <p>Participants: Twenty anesthetized pigs, Norwegian Landrace.</p> <p>Interventions: On cardiopulmonary bypass, cardiac arrest was induced with cold (12&deg;C), oxygenated blood cardioplegia, enriched with carvedilol or vehicle, and repeated every 20 minutes. After 100 minutes, the heart was reperfused and weaned.</p> <p>Measurements and Main Results: Left ventricular function was evaluated with pressure-volume loops, local myocardial systolic strain, and strain rate from Speckle tracking analysis and multilayer short-axis tissue Doppler Imaging. In the carvedilol group, the load-independent logarithmic end-diastolic pressure volume relationship, &beta;, decreased from 1 to 3 hours of reperfusion and was low, 0.028&plusmn;0.004 v 0.042&plusmn;0.007 (p&lt;0.05) in controls at 3 hours, demonstrating improved left ventricular compliance. The diastolic relaxation constant &tau; was decreased, 28.9&plusmn;0.6 ms v 34.6&plusmn;1.3 ms (pg&lt;0.035), and dP/dtmin was more negative,&minus;1,462&plusmn;145 mmHg/s v&minus;1,105&plusmn;105 mmHg/s (pg = 0.024), for carvedilol v control group. The systolic variables, preload recruitable stroke work and end-systolic pressure-volume relationship, did not differ between groups, neither did left ventricular systolic strain and strain rate. Myocardial oxidative stress, measured as tissue levels of malondialdehyde, was reduced by carvedilol, 0.19&plusmn;0.01 compared to 0.24&plusmn;0.01 nmol/mg (p = 0.004) in controls.</p> <p>Conclusions: Carvedilol added to blood cardioplegia improved diastolic cardiac function and reduced oxidative stress during the first 3 hours after reperfusion in a porcine model, with 100 minutes of cardioplegic arrest.</p>eng
dc.rightsAttribution CC BY-NC-NDeng
dc.subjectcardiac functioneng
dc.subjectcardiopulmonary bypasseng
dc.subjectoxidative stresseng
dc.titleCarvedilol-enriched cold oxygenated blood cardioplegia improves left ventricular diastolic function after weaning from cardiopulmonary bypasseng
dc.typeJournal articleeng
dc.rights.holderCopyright 2016 The Author(s)eng
bora.peerreviewedPeer reviewedeng
dc.type.documentJournal article
dc.relation.journalJournal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia

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