”Dialogism as character development: Psychoanalysis and play in Siri Hustvedt’s The Summer Without Men and The Sorrows of an American”
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This two-part thesis discusses dialogism as character development in psychoanalysis and play of Siri Hustvedt’s novels The Summer Without Men and The Sorrows of an American. Where dialogism or dialogical exchange in play and psychoanalysis creates a Between of narrator, characters, reader, and author. To create a dialogical exchange of Between for the main characters’ all subjective first person narrative of the novels the main characters need to gain knowledge about their Selves from another angle and only then they are able to develop their characters Self or their characters personality. This thesis applies David Shepherd definition of dialogism as a relational constitution of two or more parties in a dialogue, and the theories of Mikhail Bakhtin and Martin Buber to analyse dialogical exchange, the Between and the entity of I-You that includes the world, nature and men into this relation in both novels. This discussion presents pieces of evidence that the I-You entity of dialogism enables character development in the main characters of the novels. The discussion includes elements of playfulness and play in and Between novels, roles in drama, and breaking the fourth wall of the novel. Moreover, it discusses roles in psychoanalysis, mirroring and the relationship between conscious and unconscious, development of personality and reconstruction in psychoanalysis. Hustvedt’s works are defined, with assistance from Christine Marks’ and Gabriele Ripple’s works, within a post-modern and post-postmodern frame. Brian Edwards’ theory play and Sigmund Freud theory of the psychoanalysis is utilised, along with theories of Bakhtin, Buber and Winnicott’s embrace of dialogism and polyphony are included in the discussion of character development in play and psychoanalysis. Seymour Chatman theory of character is applied regarding openness and autonomy in the main characters of these novels.
PublisherThe University of Bergen
- English 207
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