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dc.contributor.authorJohnsen, Tone Langjordet
dc.contributor.authorIndahl, Aage
dc.contributor.authorEriksen, Hege Randi
dc.contributor.authorIhlebæk, Camilla
dc.contributor.authorTveito, Torill Helene
dc.date.accessioned2019-03-19T16:10:22Z
dc.date.available2019-03-19T16:10:22Z
dc.date.issued2016-06-24
dc.identifier.citationJohnsen TL, Indahl A, Eriksen HR, Ihlebæk CM, Tveito TH. Work and mental complaints: are response outcome expectancies more important than work conditions and number of subjective health complaints?. Journal of occupational rehabilitation . 2016;27(2):218-227eng
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1956/19226
dc.description.abstractPurpose Investigate the relative effect of response outcome expectancies, work conditions, and number of subjective health complaints (SHC) on anxiety and depression in Norwegian employees. Learned response outcome expectancies are important contributors to health. Individual differences in the expectancy to cope with workplace and general life demands may be important for how work conditions influence health. Method A survey was conducted among 1746 municipal employees (mean age 44.1, SD = 11.5, 81.5 % female), as part of a randomized controlled trial. This cross-sectional study used baseline data. Multiple logistic regression analysis was performed. Outcome variables were anxiety and depression; response outcome expectancies, work conditions, and number of SHC were independent variables. Results A high number of SHC was a significant factor in explaining anxiety (OR 1.26), depression (OR 1.22) and comorbid anxiety and depression (OR 1.31). A high degree of no and/or negative response outcome expectancies was a significant factor in explaining depression (OR 1.19) and comorbid anxiety and depression (OR 1.28). The variance accounted for in the full models was 14 % for anxiety, 23 % for depression, and 41 % for comorbid anxiety and depression. Conclusion A high number of SHC, and a high degree of no and/or negative response outcome expectancies were associated with anxiety and depression. The strongest association was found for number of SHC. However, previous studies indicate that it may not be possible to prevent the occurrence of SHC. We suggest that workplace interventions targeting anxiety and depression could focus on influencing and altering employees’ response outcome expectancies.eng
dc.language.isoengeng
dc.publisherSpringer USeng
dc.rightsAttribution CC BYeng
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/eng
dc.subjectSubjective health complaintseng
dc.subjectAnxietyeng
dc.subjectDepressioneng
dc.subjectOccupational healtheng
dc.subjectCopingeng
dc.titleWork and mental complaints: are response outcome expectancies more important than work conditions and number of subjective health complaints?eng
dc.title.alternativeWork and mental complaints: are response outcome expectancies more important than work conditions and number of subjective health complaints?eng
dc.typeJournal articleeng
dc.date.updated2018-07-30T08:52:33Z
dc.rights.holderCopyright The Author(s) 2016eng
dc.type.versionpublishedVersioneng
bora.peerreviewedPeer reviewedeng
dc.type.documentJournal article
dc.identifier.cristinID1365157
dc.identifier.doi10.1007/s10926-016-9648-zeng
dc.source.issn1053-0487eng
dc.source.issn1573-3688eng
dc.relation.journalJournal of occupational rehabilitation
dc.subject.hrcsGenerell helserelevans: Psykologiske, sosiale og økonomiske faktorer
dc.subject.hrcsGeneric Health Relevance : Psychological, social and economic factors


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