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dc.contributor.authorOmar, Abdirahman
dc.contributor.authorThomas, Helmuth
dc.contributor.authorOlsen, Are
dc.contributor.authorBecker, Meike
dc.contributor.authorSkjelvan, Ingunn
dc.contributor.authorReverdin, Gilles
dc.date.accessioned2020-04-07T09:31:20Z
dc.date.available2020-04-07T09:31:20Z
dc.date.issued2019-10-29
dc.identifier.citationOmar A, Thomas H, Olsen A, Becker M, Skjelvan IS, Reverdin G. Trends of Ocean Acidification and pCO2 in the Northern North Sea, 2003-2015. Journal of Geophysical Research (JGR): Biogeosciences. 2019;124:3088–3103eng
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1956/21791
dc.description.abstractFor continental shelf regions, the long‐term trend in sea surface carbon dioxide (CO2) partial pressure (pCO2) and rates of ocean acidification are not accurately known. Here, we investigate the decadal trend of observed wintertime pCO2 as well as computed wintertime pH and aragonite saturation state (Ωar) in the northern North Sea, using the first decade long monthly underway data from a voluntary observing ship covering the period 2004–2015. We also evaluate how seawater CO2 chemistry, in response to physical and biological processes, drives variations in the above parameters on seasonal and interannual timescales. In the northern North Sea, pCO2, pH, and Ωar are subject to strong seasonal variations with mean wintertime values of 375 ± 11 μatm, 8.17 ± 0.01, and 1.96 ± 0.05. Dissolved inorganic carbon is found to be the primary driver of both seasonal and interannual changes while total alkalinity and sea surface temperature have secondary effects that reduce the changes produced by dissolved inorganic carbon. Average interannual variations during winter are around 3%, 0.1%, and 2% for pCO2, pH, and Ωar, respectively and slightly larger in the eastern part of the study area (Skagerrak region) than in the western part (North Atlantic Water region). Statistically significant long‐term trends were found only in the North Atlantic Water region with mean annual rates of 2.39 ± 0.58 μatm/year, −0.0024 ± 0.001 year‐1, and −0.010 ± 0.003 year‐1 for pCO2, pH, and Ωar, respectively. The drivers of the observed trends as well as reasons for the lack of statistically significant trends in the Skagerrak region are discussed.eng
dc.language.isoengeng
dc.publisherAmerican Geophysical Unioneng
dc.rightsAttribution CC BY-NC-NDeng
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/eng
dc.titleTrends of Ocean Acidification and pCO2 in the Northern North Sea, 2003-2015eng
dc.typeJournal articleeng
dc.date.updated2020-01-31T15:53:29Z
dc.rights.holderCopyright 2019 The Author(s)eng
dc.type.versionpublishedVersioneng
bora.peerreviewedPeer reviewedeng
dc.type.documentJournal article
dc.identifier.cristinID1754647
dc.identifier.doi10.1029/2018JG004992eng
dc.source.issn2169-8953eng
dc.source.issn2169-8961eng
dc.relation.projectIDEC/H2020: 654462
dc.relation.projectIDNorges forskningsråd: 245972
dc.relation.projectIDMiljødirektoratet: 258608
dc.relation.projectIDMiljødirektoratet: 17078007
dc.relation.journalJournal of Geophysical Research (JGR): Biogeosciences


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