Now showing items 91-100 of 409
HIV testing services in Kenya, Tanzania and Zambia: Determinants, experiences and responsiveness
(The University of Bergen, 2011-06-17)
Introduction: HIV/AIDS has been one of the most challenging pandemics in health and development. Sub- Saharan Africa remains the most affected region and it handles over two-thirds of the individuals infected world ...
Fifteen-year trend in treatment outcomes among patients with pulmonary smear-positive tuberculosis and its determinants in Arsi Zone, Central Ethiopia
(Co-Action Publishing, 2014-09-19)
Background: Directly Observed Treatment Short course (DOTS) strategy is aimed at diagnosing 70% of infectious tuberculosis (TB) and curing 85% of it. Arsi Zone of Ethiopia piloted DOTS strategy in 1992. Since then, the ...
Improved salt iodation methods for small-scale salt producers in low-resource settings in Tanzania
(BioMed Central, 2009-06-17)
Background: Universal salt iodation will prevent iodine deficiency disorders (IDD). Globally, salt-iodation technologies mostly target large and medium-scale salt-producers. Since most producers in low-income countries are ...
Prevalence of Respiratory Symptoms and Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, and Reference Values for Lung Function Testing in Kinondoni District, Dar Es Salaam, Tanzania
(The University of Bergen, 2010-05-15)
In the wake of socioeconomic development, changing demographics towards ageing populations and the expatiation of non-communicable diseases put additional strains and new challenges unto health services and disease ...
Successes and challenges of the national programme for the prevention of mother-to-child HIV transmission (PMTCT) in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Implementation and impact
(The University of Bergen, 2012-01-20)
Mother-to-child HIV transmission (MTCT) is the main source of HIV infection among children under the age of 15. The majority of these transmissions occur in utero and during the intra-partum period and are associated ...
Integration of tuberculosis services in Taiwan, 2001: challenges and opportunities
(The University of Bergen, 2012-10-02)
Antimicrobial resistance in bacterial infections in urban and rural Tanzania
(The University of Bergen, 2007-05-16)
Infectious diseases cause one in every six deaths worldwide. Antimicrobial drugs have helped dramatically in curing patients suffering from bacterial infections. However, emerging antimicrobial resistance in bacteria ...
Zinc, Iron and Infectionstudies in children and women in Nepal
(The University of Bergen, 2011-10-20)
Malnutrition in the form of underweight, stunting, wasting or micronutrient deficiency is prevalent in developing countries and has serious health consequences, particularly for children and women. Correction of ...
Assessment of the utility of repeat tuberculin testing: a prospective study of adolescents in a high tuberculosis prevalence setting in South India
(The University of Bergen, 2012-04-11)
Background -Under-nutrition is associated with sub-optimal or false -negative tuberculin responses, while BCG vaccination may produce false-positive reactions. The two-step tuberculin test may be of value in populations ...
HIV/AIDS and Tuberculosis Coinfection in Rural Northern Tanzania. Epidemiology, clinical presentation and impact on CD4 T cell counts
(The University of Bergen, 2009-10-02)
Tuberculosis (TB) and HIV/AIDS are the main causes of morbidity and mortality in adults aged 15-49 years in Sub Saharan Africa (SSA). The interaction between tuberculosis and HIV/AIDS makes the diagnosis and management ...