Now showing items 171-180 of 442
Cement dust exposure and acute lung function: A cross shift study
(BioMed Central, 2010-04-14)
Background: Few studies have been carried out on acute effects of cement dust exposure. This study is conducted to investigate the associations between current "total" dust exposure and acute respiratory symptoms and ...
Clinical and socio-behavioral correlates of tooth loss: a study of older adults in Tanzania
(BioMed Central, 2006-03-15)
Background: Focusing 50 year olds and above, this study assessed the frequency, extent and correlates of tooth loss due to various reasons. Frequency and correlates of posterior occluding support was also investigated ...
Oral disease and Oral health related quality of life in pregnancy and early childhood: Surveys from urban and rural areas of Uganda
(The University of Bergen, 2009-12-08)
Mental distress in the general population in Zambia: Impact of HIV and social factors
(BioMed Central, 2009-08-18)
Background: Population level data on mental health from Africa are limited, but available data indicate mental problems to represent a substantial public health problem. The negative impact of HIV on mental health suggests ...
Effect of Bednets and Indoor Residual Spraying on Spatio-Temporal Clustering of Malaria in a Village in South Ethiopia: A Longitudinal Study
(Public Library of Science, 2012-10-12)
Background: Understanding the spatio-temporal pattern of malaria transmission where prevention and control measures are in place will help to fine-tune strategies. The objective of this study was to assess the effect of ...
Increased Expression of Fas Ligand in Human Tuberculosis and Leprosy Lesions: a Potential Novel Mechanism of Immune Evasion in Mycobacterial Infection
(Blackwell Science Ltd., 2001-12)
To study the location and mechanism of apoptosis within the human tuberculosis (TB) and leprosy lesions, parallel sections were analyzed for mycobacterial antigens (M.Ag), Fas ligand (FasL), Fas, CD68 and Mac387 by ...
Applying the theory of planned behaviour to explain HIV testing in antenatal settings in Addis Ababa - a cohort study
(BioMed Central, 2011-08-18)
Background: To facilitate access to the prevention of mother-to-child HIV transmission (PMTCT) services, HIV counselling and testing are offered routinely in antenatal care settings. Focusing a cohort of pregnant ...
Promising outcomes of a national programme for the prevention of mother-to-child HIV transmission in Addis Ababa: a retrospective study
(BioMed Central, 2010-09-09)
Background Prevention of Mother-to-Child HIV Transmission (PMTCT) is still the most effective intervention in combating new HIV infections. In 2008, revised national PMTCT guidelines that incorporated new policies on HIV ...
Prevalence and socio-behavioral influence of early childhood caries, ECC, and feeding habits among 6 – 36 months old children in Uganda and Tanzania
(BioMed Central Ltd., 2012-07-26)
Background Early childhood caries (ECC) is a serious problem that has remained unexplored in sub-Saharan Africa. This study aimed to identify possible socio-behavioral correlates of ECC focusing 6–36 months old children ...
Lung function reduction and chronic respiratory symptoms among workers in the cement industry: A Follow up study
(BioMed Central, 2011-11-08)
Background: There are only a few follow-up studies of respiratory function among cement workers. The main aims of this study were to measure total dust exposure, to examine chronic respiratory symptoms and changes in ...