Simulations of multi-beam sonar echos from schooling individual fish in a quiet environment
TypeJournal article; Peer reviewed
MetadataShow full item record
A model is developed and demonstrated for simulating echosounder and sonar observations of fish schools with specified shapes and composed of individuals having specified target strengths and behaviors. The model emulates the performances of actual multi-frequency echosounders and multi-beam echosounders and sonars and generates synthetic echograms of fish schools that can be compared with real echograms. The model enables acoustic observations of large in situ fish schools to be evaluated in terms of individual and aggregated fish behaviors. It also facilitates analyses of the sensitivity of fish biomass estimates to different target strength models and their parameterizations. To demonstrate how this tool may facilitate objective interpretations of acoustically estimated fish biomass and behavior, simulated echograms of fish with different spatial and orientation distributions are compared with real echograms of herring collected with a multibeam sonar aboard the research vessel “G.O. Sars.” Results highlight the important effects of fish-backscatter directivity, particularly when sensing with small acoustic wavelengths relative to the fish length. Results also show that directivity is both a potential obstacle to estimating fish biomass accurately and a potential source of information about fish behavior.
CitationJournal of the Acoustical Society of America
CitationJournal of the Acoustical Society of America 132(6): 3720-3734
PublisherAcoustical Society of America
Copyright 2012 Acoustical Society of America. This article may be downloaded for personal use only. Any other use requires prior permission of the author and the Acoustical Society of America. The following article appeared in Journal of the Acoustical Society of America and may be found at http://link.aip.org/link/?JAS/132/3720.