Now showing items 137-156 of 500

    • Effects of lifestyle intervention in persons at risk for type 2 diabetes mellitus - results from a randomised, controlled trial 

      Nilsen, Vegard; Bakke, Per; Gallefoss, Frode (BioMed Central, 2011-11-25)
      Background: Lifestyle change is probably the most important single action to prevent type 2 diabetes mellitus. The purpose of this study was to assess the effects of a low-intensity individual lifestyle intervention by a ...
      Journal article
    • Effects of SNP variants in the 17β-HSD2 and 17β-HSD7 genes and 17β-HSD7 copy number on gene transcript and estradiol levels in breast cancer tissue 

      Straume, Anne Hege; Knappskog, Stian; Lønning, Per Eystein (Elsevier, 2014-02-18)
      Breast cancers reveal elevated E2 levels compared to plasma and normal breast tissue. Previously, we reported intra-tumour E2 to be negatively correlated to transcription levels of 17β-HSD2 but positively correlated to ...
      Journal article
    • Efficacy and safety of 4 weeks' treatment with combined fluticasone furoate/vilanterol in a single inhaler given once daily in COPD: a placebo-controlled randomised trial 

      Lotvall, J; Bakke, Per S.; Bjermer, Leif; Steinshamn, Sigurd Loe; Scott-Wilson, C; Crim, Courtney; Sanford, L; Haumann, B (The BMJ (British Medical Journal Publishing Group), 2012-01-19)
      Background. Fluticasone furoate/vilanterol (FF/VI) is a novel once-daily (OD) inhaled corticosteroid/long-acting β2 agonist combination in development for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and asthma. Trial ...
      Journal article
    • Efficacy of adrenal venous sampling is increased by point of care cortisol analysis 

      Viste, Kristin; Grytaas, Marianne Aardal; Jørstad, Melissa; Jøssang, Dag Eirik; Høyden, Eivind Næss; Fotland, Solveig Simmenes; Jensen, Dag Kjartan; Løvås, Kristian; Thordarson, Hrafnkell B; Almås, Bjørg; Mellgren, Gunnar (Bioscientifica, 2013)
      Primary aldosteronism (PA) is a common cause of secondary hypertension and is caused by unilateral or bilateral adrenal disease. Treatment options depend on whether the disease is lateralized or not, which is preferably ...
      Journal article
    • Ekspressiv skriving som egenterapeutisk verktøy ett år etter brystkreftdiagnosen - resultater fra en beskrivende pilotstudie 

      Gripsrud, Birgitta Haga; Søiland, Håvard; Lode, Kirsten (Septentrio Academic Publishing, 2014)
      The article presents findings from a pilot study on expressive writing, a therapeutic method undescribed in a Norwegian scientific context. Objective: 1. Gain qualitative data on breast cancer women’s experiences with ...
      Journal article
    • Elderly patients’ (≥65 years) experiences associated with discharge; Development, validity and reliability of the Discharge Care Experiences Survey 

      Boge, Ranveig Marie; Haugen, Arvid Steinar; Nilsen, Roy Miodini; Harthug, Stig (Public Library of Science, 2018-11-07)
      Background: A review of the literature reveals a lack of validated instruments that particularly measure quality in the hospital discharge process. This study aims to develop and validate a survey instrument feasible for ...
      Journal article
    • Emergence of a Streptococcus dysgalactiae subspecies equisimilis stG62647-lineage associated with severe clinical manifestations 

      Oppegaard, Oddvar; Mylvaganam, Haima; Skrede, Steinar; Lindemann, Paul Christoffer; Kittang, Bård Reiakvam (Nature Publishing Group, 2017-08-08)
      Increasing incidence rates of invasive Streptococcus dysgalactiae subspecies equisimilis (SDSE) infections have been reported worldwide, but the evolutionary mechanisms underlying this development remain elusive. Through ...
      Journal article
    • Endometrial carcinoma: a step closer to individualized therapy? Exploring transcriptional alterations in relation to prognostic biomarkers 

      Wik, Elisabeth (The University of Bergen, 2013-09-30)
      Background: Endometrial cancer is diagnosed early and has in general a good prognosis. The more important it is to diagnose and treat the poor-prognosis cases. Therapy of endometrial carcinoma patients per today is to ...
      Doctoral thesis
    • Energy intake, nutritional status and weight reduction in patients one year after laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy 

      Gjessing, Hanne Rosendahl; Nielsen, Hans Jørgen; Mellgren, Gunnar; Gudbrandsen, Oddrun Anita (BioMed Central, 2013-07-30)
      Background: Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) is increasingly popular due to its efficiency in reducing excess weight, however little is known about the nutritional status in patients after surgery.Purpose: To investigate ...
      Journal article
    • An epidemiological study on the associations between preeclampsia exposure, growth and physical activity in preschool age and subsequent allergy, asthma and lung function in late childhood 

      Byberg, Kristine Kjer (The University of Bergen, 2017-10-13)
      Background An adverse intrauterine environment may affect offspring immunology, including allergies, asthma and lung function, as well as offspring metabolism, including growth and development. A few studies have been ...
      Doctoral thesis
    • The epidemiology and characteristics of sepsis in Norwegian hospitals 

      Knoop, Siri Tandberg (The University of Bergen, 2018-06-08)
      Background: Sepsis develops when the host’s immune response to infection becomes dysregulated to such an extent that life-threatening organ dysfunction evolves. Sepsis epidemiology is influenced by population characteristics, ...
      Doctoral thesis
    • Epidemiology and health related quality of life in hypoparathyroidism in Norway 

      Astor, Marianne; Løvås, Kristian; Debowska, Aleksandra; Eriksen, Erik Fink; Evang, Johan Arild; Fossum, Jan Christian; Fougner, Kristian J; Holte, Synnøve E.; Lima, Kari; Moe, Ragnar Bekkhus; Myhre, Anne Grethe; Kemp, E. Helen; Nedrebø, Bjørn Gunnar; Svartberg, Johan; Husebye, Eystein Sverre (Endocrine Society, 2016-08)
      Objective: The epidemiology of hypoparathyroidism (HP) is largely unknown. We aimed to determine prevalence, etiologies, health related quality of life (HRQOL) and treatment pattern of HP. Methods: Patients with HP and ...
      Journal article
    • Epidemiology and impact on all-cause mortality of sepsis in Norwegian hospitals: A national retrospective study 

      Knoop, Siri Tandberg; Skrede, Steinar; Langeland, Nina; Flaatten, Hans (Public Library of Science, 2017-11-17)
      Background: Although sepsis is the leading cause of death from infection, there are few population-level epidemiological sepsis reports. The impact of sepsis-related deaths on all-cause hospital mortality is insufficiently ...
      Journal article
    • Epigenetic analysis leads to identification of HNF1B as a subtype-specific susceptibility gene for ovarian cancer 

      Shen, Hui; Fridley, BL; Song, HL; Lawrenson, K; Cunningham, JM; Ramus, SJ; Cicek, MS; Tyrer, J; Stram, D; Larson, MC; Kobel, M; Ziogas, A; Zheng, W; Yang, HP; Wu, AH; Wozniak, EL; Woo, YL; Winterhoff, B; Wik, Elisabeth; Whittemore, AS; Wentzensen, N; Weber, RP; Vitonis, AF; Vincent, D; Vierkant, RA; Vergote, I; Van Den Berg, D; Van Altena, AM; Tworoger, SS; Thompson, PJ; Tessier, DC; Terry, KL; Teo, SH; Templeman, C; Stram, DO; Southey, MC; Sieh, W; Siddiqui, N; Shvetsov, YB; Shu, XO; Shridhar, V; Wang-Gohrke, S; Severi, G; Schwaab, I; Salvesen, Helga Birgitte; Rzepecka, IK; Runnebaum, IB; Rossing, MA; Rodriguez-Rodriguez, L; Risch, HA; Renner, SP; Poole, EM; Pike, MC; Phelan, CM; Pelttari, LM; Pejovic, T; Paul, J; Orlow, I; Omar, SZ; Olson, SH; Odunsi, K; Nickels, S; Nevanlinna, H; Ness, RB; Narod, SA; Nakanishi, T; Moysich, KB; Monteiro, ANA; Moes-Sosnowska, J; Modugno, F; Menon, U; McLaughlin, JR; McGuire, V; Matsuo, K; Adenan, NAM; Massuger, LFAG; Lurie, G; Lundvall, L; Lubinski, J; Lissowska, J; Levine, DA; Leminen, A; Lee, AW; Le, ND; Lambrechts, S; Lambrechts, D; Kupryjanczyk, J; Krakstad, Camilla; Konecny, GE; Kjaer, SK; Kiemeney, LA; Kelemen, LE; Keeney, GL; Karlan, BY; Karevan, R; Kalli, KR; Kajiyama, H; Ji, BT; Jensen, A; Jakubowska, A; Iversen, E; Hosono, S; Hogdall, CK; Hogdall, E; Hoatlin, M; Hillemanns, P; Heitz, F; Hein, R; Harter, P; Halle, Mari Kyllesø; Hall, P; Gronwald, J; Gore, M; Goodman, MT; Giles, GG; Gentry-Maharaj, A; Garcia-Closas, M; Flanagan, JM; Fasching, PA; Ekici, AB; Edwards, R; Eccles, D; Easton, DF; Durst, M; du Bois, A; Dork, T; Doherty, JA; Despierre, E; Dansonka-Mieszkowska, A; Cybulski, C; Cramer, DW; Cook, LS; Chen, XQ; Charbonneau, B; Chang-Claude, J; Campbell, I; Butzow, R; Bunker, CH; Brueggmann, D; Brown, R; Brooks-Wilson, A; Brinton, LA; Bogdanova, N; Block, MS; Benjamin, E; Beesley, J; Beckmann, MW; Bandera, EV; Baglietto, L; Bacot, F; Armasu, SM; Antonenkova, N; Anton-Culver, H; Aben, KK; Liang, D; Wu, XF; Lu, KR; Hildebrandt, MAT; Schildkraut, JM; Sellers, TA; Huntsman, D; Berchuck, A; Chenevix-Trench, G; Gayther, SA; Pharoah, PDP; Laird, PW; Goode, EL; Pearce, CL (Nature Publishing Group, 2013-03-27)
      HNF1B is overexpressed in clear cell epithelial ovarian cancer, and we observed epigenetic silencing in serous epithelial ovarian cancer, leading us to hypothesize that variation in this gene differentially associates with ...
      Journal article
    • An evolutionary epigenetics approach to schizophrenia 

      Banerjee, Niladri (The University of Bergen, 2018-09-28)
      Schizophrenia is a psychotic disorder with an estimated lifetime prevalence of ~1% worldwide. Despite reduced fecundity of patients, this rate is stable across population groups separated by geography and time. There is ...
      Doctoral thesis
    • Exercise Capacity after extremely preterm birth. Development from childhood to adulthood 

      Clemm, Hege Synnøve Havstad (The University of Bergen, 2015-08-28)
      Background: Extremely preterm (EP) birth is associated with a series of adverse health outcomes, some of which may be alleviated by improved physical fitness. Subjects born EP are reportedly less physically active than ...
      Doctoral thesis
    • Exercise capacity and breathing pattern in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Predictors and longitudinal changes 

      Frisk, Bente (The University of Bergen, 2015-05-26)
      Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a progressive lung disease characterized by expiratory flow limitation. The knowledge about factors contributing to the long-term changes in exercise capacity and breathing ...
      Doctoral thesis
    • Exercise inducible laryngeal obstruction: diagnostics and management 

      Røksund, Ola Drange; Heimdal, John-Helge; Clemm, Hege Synnøve Havstad; Vollsæter, Maria; Halvorsen, Thomas (Elsevier, 2017-01)
      Obstruction of the central airways is an important cause of exercise-induced inspiratory symptoms (EIIS) in young and otherwise healthy individuals. This is a large, heterogeneous and vastly understudied group of patients. ...
      Journal article
    • Exhaled nitric oxide is related to atopy, but not asthma in adolescents with bronchiolitis in infancy 

      Mikalsen, Ingvild Bruun; Halvorsen, Thomas; Øymar, Knut (BioMed Central, 2013-11-17)
      Background: The fraction of exhaled nitric oxide (FeNO) has been suggested as a non-invasive marker of eosinophilic inflammation in asthma, but lately rather as a biomarker of atopy than of asthma itself. Asthma after ...
      Journal article
    • Exome chip analyses in adult attention deficit hyperactivity disorder 

      Zayats, Tetyana; Jacobsen, Kaya Kvarme; Kleppe, Rune; Jacob, CP; Kittel-Schneider, Sarah; Ribases, Marta; Ramos-Quiroga, JA; Richarte, Vanesa; Casas, M; Mota, NR; Grevet, EH; Klein, M; Corominas, J; Bralten, Janita; Galesloot, T; Vasquez, AA; Herms, S; Forstner, AJ; Larsson, H; Breen, G; Asherson, P; Gross-Lesch, Silke; Lesch, KP; Cichon, Sven; Gabrielsen, Maiken Elvestad; Holmen, Oddgeir Lingaas; Bau, CH; Buitelaar, Jan; Kiemeney, L; Faraone, Stephen V.; Cormand, B; Franke, Barbara; Reif, Andreas; Haavik, Jan; Johansson, Stefan (Nature Publishing Group, 2016)
      Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a highly heritable childhood-onset neuropsychiatric condition, often persisting into adulthood. The genetic architecture of ADHD, particularly in adults, is largely unknown. ...
      Journal article