Now showing items 178-197 of 466

    • Global left ventricular load in asymptomatic aortic stenosis: covariates and prognostic implication (the SEAS trial) 

      Rieck, Åshild Elseth; Gerdts, Eva; Lønnebakken, Mai Tone; Bahlmann, Edda; Cioffi, Giovanni; Gohlke-Bärwolf, Christa; Ray, Simon; Cramariuc, Dana (BioMed Central, 2012-11-05)
      Introduction: Valvuloarterial impedance (Zva) is a measure of global (combined valvular and arterial) load opposing left ventricular (LV) ejection in aortic stenosis (AS). The present study identified covariates and tested ...
      Journal article
    • Global Lung Function Initiative 2012 reference equations for spirometry in the Norwegian Population 

      Langhammer, Arnulf; Johannessen, Ane; Holmen, Turid Lingaas; Melbye, Hasse; Stanojevic, Sanja; Lund, May Brit; Melsom, Morten Nissen; Bakke, Per S.; Quanjer, Philip (European Respiratory Society, 2016)
      We studied the fit of the Global Lung Function Initiative (GLI) all-age reference values to Norwegians, compared them with currently used references (European Community for Steel and Coal (ECSC) and Zapletal) and estimated ...
      Journal article
    • Glucocorticoid Treatment and Quality of Life in Addison’s disease 

      Øksnes, Marianne (The University of Bergen, 2014-06-06)
      Addison’s disease (AD) is rare and result in lack of the adrenal hormones cortisol, aldosterone and adrenal androgens. Despite conventional oral replacement therapy, mortality is increased and Health-Related Quality-of-life ...
      Doctoral thesis
    • Glycated hemoglobin and long-term prognosis in patients with suspected stable angina pectoris without diabetes mellitus: A prospective cohort study 

      Rebnord, Eirik Wilberg; Pedersen, Eva Kristine Ringdal; Strand, Elin; Svingen, Gard Frodahl Tveitevåg; Meyer, Klaus; Schartum-Hansen, Hall; Løland, Kjetil Halvorsen; Seifert, Reinhard; Ueland, Per Magne; Nilsen, Dennis W. T.; Nordrehaug, Jan Erik; Nygård, Ottar (Elsevier, 2015-05)
      Objective: Associations of glycated hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) levels to incident coronary and cardiovascular events among non-diabetic patients with coronary artery disease are unclear. We investigated relations of HbA1c ...
      Journal article
    • GWAS-based pathway analysis differentiates between fluid and crystallized intelligence 

      Christoforou, Andrea; Espeseth, Thomas; Davis, G.; Fernandes, Carla P.D.; Giddaluru, Sudheer; Mattheisen, Manuel; Tenesa, A.; Harris, Sarah E.; Liewald, David C; Payton, Anthony; Ollier, W; Horan, M.; Pendleton, Neil; Haggarty, Paul; Djurovic, Srdjan; Herms, Stefan; Hoffman, P.; Cichon, Sven; Starr, John M; Lundervold, Astri; Reinvang, Ivar; Steen, Vidar Martin; Deary, Ian J; Le Hellard, Stephanie (2014-09)
      Cognitive abilities vary among people. About 40–50% of this variability is due to general intelligence (g), which reflects the positive correlation among individuals' scores on diverse cognitive ability tests. g is positively ...
      Journal article
    • HbA1c versus oral glucose tolerance test as a method to diagnose diabetes mellitus in vascular surgery patients 

      Hjellestad, Iren Drange; Astor, Marianne; Nilsen, Roy Miodini; Søfteland, Eirik; Jonung, Torbjørn (BioMed Central, 2013-05-25)
      Background: The diagnosis of diabetes mellitus (DM) is based on either fasting plasma glucose levels or an oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT). Recently, an HbA1c value of ≥48 mmol/mol (6.5%) has been included as ...
      Journal article
    • Headache in systemic lupus erythematosus and primary Sjogren's syndrome 

      Tjensvoll, Anne Bolette (The University of Bergen, 2016-11-09)
      Background Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a chronic inflammatory autoimmune disease which can affect multiple organs. The central nervous system (CNS) is frequently affected, and headache, especially migraine, ...
      Doctoral thesis
    • Heat shock proteins and chronic fatigue in primary Sjögren's syndrome 

      Bårdsen, Kjetil; Mæland, Mari; Kvaløy, Jan Terje; Norheim, Katrine Brække; Jonsson, Grete; Omdal, Roald (Sage, 2016)
      Fatigue occurs frequently in patients with cancer, neurological diseases and chronic inflammatory diseases, but the biological mechanisms that lead to and regulate fatigue are largely unknown. When the innate immune system ...
      Journal article
    • HER2 expression patterns in paired primary and metastatic endometrial cancer lesions 

      Halle, Mari Kyllesø; Tangen, Ingvild Løberg; Berg, Hege Fredriksen; Hoivik, Erling A; Mauland, Karen Klepsland; Kusonmano, Kanthida; Berg, Anna; Hurtado, Antoni; Kalland, Karl-Henning; Øyan, Anne Margrete; Stefansson, Ingunn; Vintermyr, Olav Karsten; Werner, Henrica Maria Johanna; Haldorsen, Ingfrid S.; Trovik, Jone; Salvesen, Helga Birgitte; Krakstad, Camilla (Nature Publishing Group, 2017-11-23)
      Background: Despite successful implementation of drugs targeting the human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) receptor in breast and gastric cancers, the potential of HER2 as a therapeutic target in other cancers ...
      Journal article
    • Hereditary hypophosphatemia in Norway: A retrospective population-based study of genotypes, phenotypes, and treatment complications 

      Rafaelsen, Silje Hjorth; Johansson, Stefan; Ræder, Helge; Bjerknes, Robert (Bioscientifica, 2016-02)
      Objective: Hereditary hypophosphatemias (HH) are rare monogenic conditions characterized by decreased renal tubular phosphate reabsorption. The aim of this study was to explore the prevalence, genotypes, phenotypic spectrum, ...
      Journal article
    • Hereditary phosphate balance disorders in Norwegian children 

      Rafaelsen, Silje Hjorth (The University of Bergen, 2016-05-03)
      Background: Hereditary hypophosphatemia (HH) is a group of diseases characterized by monogenic hypophosphatemia due to reduced tubular maximum reabsorption of phosphate per glomerular filtration rate (TmP/GFR). This ...
      Doctoral thesis
    • High BMI is significantly associated with positive progesterone receptor status and clinico-pathological markers for non-aggressive disease in endometrial cancer 

      Mauland, Karen Klepsland; Trovik, Jone; Wik, Elisabeth; Ræder, Maria B.; Njølstad, Tormund Salvesen; Stefansson, Ingunn Marie; Øyan, Anne Margrete; Kalland, Karl-Henning; Bjørge, Tone; Akslen, Lars A.; Salvesen, Helga Birgitte (Nature Publishing Group, 2011)
      Background: Endometrial cancer incidence is increasing in industrialised countries. High body mass index (BMI, kg m−2) is associated with higher risk for disease. We wanted to investigate if BMI is related to ...
      Journal article
    • High cardiac background activity limits 99mTc-MIBI radioguided surgery in aortopulmonary window parathyroid adenomas 

      Schwarzlmüller, Thomas; Brauckhoff, Katrin; Løvås, Kristian; Biermann, Martin; Brauckhoff, Michael (BioMed Central, 2014-04-23)
      Background: Radioguided surgery using 99m-Technetium-methoxyisobutylisonitrile (99mTc-MIBI) has been recommended for the surgical treatment of mediastinal parathyroid adenomas. However, high myocardial 99mTc-MIBI uptake ...
      Journal article
    • High failure rate after internal fixation and beneficial outcome after arthroplasty in treatment of displaced femoral neck fractures in patients between 55 and 70 years. An observational study of 2,713 patients reported to the Norwegian Hip Fracture Register 

      Bartels, Stefan; Gjertsen, Jan-Erik; Frihagen, Frede Jon; Rogmark, Cecilia; Utvåg, Stein-Erik (Taylor & Francis, 2018)
      Background and purpose — The treatment of patients between 55 and 70 years with displaced intracapsular femoral neck fracture remains controversial. We compared internal fixation (IF), bipolar hemiarthroplasty (HA) ...
      Journal article
    • High prevalence of faecal carriage of ESBL-producing enterobacteriaceae among children in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania 

      Tellevik, Marit Gjerde; Blomberg, Bjørn; Kommedal, Øyvind; Maselle, Samuel Y; Langeland, Nina; Moyo, Sabrina John (PLOS, 2016-12-09)
      Background: Faecal carriage of ESBL-producing bacteria is a potential risk for transmission and infection. Little is known about faecal carriage of antibiotic resistance in Tanzania. This study aimed to investigate the ...
      Journal article
    • High prevalence of humoral and cellular immunity to influenza viruses in pre-school children living in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia 

      Dembinski, Jennifer Lynn; Mihret, Adane; Yimer, Solomon Abebe; Tessema, Bamlak; Trieu, Mai Chi; Tarekegn, Azeb; Getachew, Nahom; Cox, Rebecca Jane; Oftung, Fredrik; Haneberg, Bjørn; Aseffa, Abraham; Mjaaland, Siri (Oxford University Press, 2017-01)
      Background. Influenza in children who reside in tropical and subtropical regions has until recently been regarded as insignificant. However, new evidence suggests that it significantly impacts hospitalization and promotes ...
      Journal article
    • High prevalence of orthostatic hypotension in mild dementia 

      Sønnesyn, Hogne; Nilsen, Dennis W. T.; Rongve, Arvid; Nore, Sabine; Ballard, Clive; Tysnes, Ole-Bjørn; Aarsland, Dag (Karger, 2009-11)
      Background/Aims: Orthostatic hypotension (OH) and QTc prolongation have potentially important prognostic and therapeutic consequences but have rarely been studied in patients with mild dementia.Methods: Patients with ...
      Journal article
    • High PTEN gene expression is a negative prognostic marker in human primary breast cancers with preserved p53 function 

      Yndestad, Synnøve; Austreid, Eilin; Knappskog, Stian; Chrisanthar, Ranjan; Lilleng, Peer Kåre; Lønning, Per Eystein; Eikesdal, Hans Petter (Springer, 2017)
      Purpose: PTEN is an important tumor suppressor in breast cancer. Here, we examined the prognostic and predictive value of PTEN and PTEN pseudogene (PTENP1) gene expression in patients with locally advanced breast cancer ...
      Journal article
    • High visceral fat percentage is associated with poor outcome in endometrial cancer 

      Mauland, Karen Klepsland; Eng, Øyvin Andre Solberg; Ytre-Hauge, Sigmund; Tangen, Ingvild Løberg; Berg, Anna; Salvesen, Helga; Salvesen, Øyvind; Krakstad, Camilla; Trovik, Jone; Høivik, Erling Andre; Werner, Henrica Maria Johanna; Mellgren, Gunnar; Haldorsen, Ingfrid S. (Impact Journals, 2017-10-19)
      Despite evidence of increased endometrial cancer (EC) risk in obese women, the impact of obesity on clinical and histological phenotype is poorly understood. This study explored abdominal fat volumes and fat distribution ...
      Journal article
    • High-Intensity Interval Training in Patients with Heart Failure with Reduced Ejection Fraction 

      Ellingsen, Øyvind; Halle, Martin; Conraads, Viviane; Støylen, Asbjørn; Dalen, Håvard; Delagardelle, Charles; Larsen, Alf Inge; Hole, Torstein; Mezzani, Alessandro; Van Craenenbroeck, Emeline M.; Videm, Vibeke; Beckers, Paul; Christle, Jeffrey W.; Winzer, Ephraim; Mangner, Norman; Woitek, Felix; Höllriegel, Robert; Pressler, Axel; Monk-Hansen, Tea; Snoer, Martin; Feiereisen, Patrick; Valborgland, Torstein; Kjekshus, John; Hambrecht, Rainer; Gielen, Stephan; Karlsen, Trine; Prescott, Eva; Linke, Axel (Wolters Kluwer, 2017-02)
      Background: Small studies have suggested that high-intensity interval training (HIIT) is superior to moderate continuous training (MCT) in reversing cardiac remodeling and increasing aerobic capacity in patients with heart ...
      Journal article