Now showing items 159-178 of 406

    • HbA1c versus oral glucose tolerance test as a method to diagnose diabetes mellitus in vascular surgery patients 

      Hjellestad, Iren Drange; Astor, Marianne; Nilsen, Roy Miodini; Søfteland, Eirik; Jonung, Torbjørn (BioMed Central, 2013-05-25)
      Background: The diagnosis of diabetes mellitus (DM) is based on either fasting plasma glucose levels or an oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT). Recently, an HbA1c value of ≥48 mmol/mol (6.5%) has been included as ...
      Journal article
    • Headache in systemic lupus erythematosus and primary Sjogren's syndrome 

      Tjensvoll, Anne Bolette (The University of Bergen, 2016-11-09)
      Background Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a chronic inflammatory autoimmune disease which can affect multiple organs. The central nervous system (CNS) is frequently affected, and headache, especially migraine, ...
      Doctoral thesis
    • Heat shock proteins and chronic fatigue in primary Sjögren's syndrome 

      Bårdsen, Kjetil; Mæland, Mari; Kvaløy, Jan Terje; Norheim, Katrine Brække; Jonsson, Grete; Omdal, Roald (Sage, 2016)
      Fatigue occurs frequently in patients with cancer, neurological diseases and chronic inflammatory diseases, but the biological mechanisms that lead to and regulate fatigue are largely unknown. When the innate immune system ...
      Journal article
    • HER2 expression patterns in paired primary and metastatic endometrial cancer lesions 

      Halle, Mari Kyllesø; Tangen, Ingvild Løberg; Berg, Hege Fredriksen; Hoivik, Erling A; Mauland, Karen Klepsland; Kusonmano, Kanthida; Berg, Anna; Hurtado, Antoni; Kalland, Karl-Henning; Øyan, Anne Margrete; Stefansson, Ingunn; Vintermyr, Olav Karsten; Werner, Henrica Maria Johanna; Haldorsen, Ingfrid S.; Trovik, Jone; Salvesen, Helga Birgitte; Krakstad, Camilla (Nature Publishing Group, 2017-11-23)
      Background: Despite successful implementation of drugs targeting the human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) receptor in breast and gastric cancers, the potential of HER2 as a therapeutic target in other cancers ...
      Journal article
    • Hereditary hypophosphatemia in Norway: A retrospective population-based study of genotypes, phenotypes, and treatment complications 

      Rafaelsen, Silje Hjorth; Johansson, Stefan; Ræder, Helge; Bjerknes, Robert (Bioscientifica, 2016-02)
      Objective: Hereditary hypophosphatemias (HH) are rare monogenic conditions characterized by decreased renal tubular phosphate reabsorption. The aim of this study was to explore the prevalence, genotypes, phenotypic spectrum, ...
      Journal article
    • Hereditary phosphate balance disorders in Norwegian children 

      Rafaelsen, Silje Hjorth (The University of Bergen, 2016-05-03)
      Background: Hereditary hypophosphatemia (HH) is a group of diseases characterized by monogenic hypophosphatemia due to reduced tubular maximum reabsorption of phosphate per glomerular filtration rate (TmP/GFR). This ...
      Doctoral thesis
    • High BMI is significantly associated with positive progesterone receptor status and clinico-pathological markers for non-aggressive disease in endometrial cancer 

      Mauland, Karen Klepsland; Trovik, Jone; Wik, Elisabeth; Ræder, Maria B.; Njølstad, Tormund Salvesen; Stefansson, Ingunn Marie; Øyan, Anne Margrete; Kalland, Karl-Henning; Bjørge, Tone; Akslen, Lars A.; Salvesen, Helga Birgitte (Nature Publishing Group, 2011)
      Background: Endometrial cancer incidence is increasing in industrialised countries. High body mass index (BMI, kg m−2) is associated with higher risk for disease. We wanted to investigate if BMI is related to ...
      Journal article
    • High cardiac background activity limits 99mTc-MIBI radioguided surgery in aortopulmonary window parathyroid adenomas 

      Schwarzlmüller, Thomas; Brauckhoff, Katrin; Løvås, Kristian; Biermann, Martin; Brauckhoff, Michael (BioMed Central, 2014-04-23)
      Background: Radioguided surgery using 99m-Technetium-methoxyisobutylisonitrile (99mTc-MIBI) has been recommended for the surgical treatment of mediastinal parathyroid adenomas. However, high myocardial 99mTc-MIBI uptake ...
      Journal article
    • High failure rate after internal fixation and beneficial outcome after arthroplasty in treatment of displaced femoral neck fractures in patients between 55 and 70 years. An observational study of 2,713 patients reported to the Norwegian Hip Fracture Register 

      Bartels, Stefan; Gjertsen, Jan-Erik; Frihagen, Frede Jon; Rogmark, Cecilia; Utvåg, Stein-Erik (Taylor & Francis, 2018)
      Background and purpose — The treatment of patients between 55 and 70 years with displaced intracapsular femoral neck fracture remains controversial. We compared internal fixation (IF), bipolar hemiarthroplasty (HA) ...
      Journal article
    • High prevalence of faecal carriage of ESBL-producing enterobacteriaceae among children in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania 

      Tellevik, Marit Gjerde; Blomberg, Bjørn; Kommedal, Øyvind; Maselle, Samuel Y; Langeland, Nina; Moyo, Sabrina John (PLOS, 2016-12-09)
      Background: Faecal carriage of ESBL-producing bacteria is a potential risk for transmission and infection. Little is known about faecal carriage of antibiotic resistance in Tanzania. This study aimed to investigate the ...
      Journal article
    • High prevalence of humoral and cellular immunity to influenza viruses in pre-school children living in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia 

      Dembinski, Jennifer Lynn; Mihret, Adane; Yimer, Solomon Abebe; Tessema, Bamlak; Trieu, Mai Chi; Tarekegn, Azeb; Getachew, Nahom; Cox, Rebecca Jane; Oftung, Fredrik; Haneberg, Bjørn; Aseffa, Abraham; Mjaaland, Siri (Oxford University Press, 2017-01)
      Background. Influenza in children who reside in tropical and subtropical regions has until recently been regarded as insignificant. However, new evidence suggests that it significantly impacts hospitalization and promotes ...
      Journal article
    • High prevalence of orthostatic hypotension in mild dementia 

      Sønnesyn, Hogne; Nilsen, Dennis W. T.; Rongve, Arvid; Nore, Sabine; Ballard, Clive; Tysnes, Ole-Bjørn; Aarsland, Dag (Karger, 2009-11)
      Background/Aims: Orthostatic hypotension (OH) and QTc prolongation have potentially important prognostic and therapeutic consequences but have rarely been studied in patients with mild dementia.Methods: Patients with ...
      Journal article
    • High PTEN gene expression is a negative prognostic marker in human primary breast cancers with preserved p53 function 

      Yndestad, Synnøve; Austreid, Eilin; Knappskog, Stian; Chrisanthar, Ranjan; Lilleng, Peer Kåre; Lønning, Per Eystein; Eikesdal, Hans Petter (Springer, 2017)
      Purpose: PTEN is an important tumor suppressor in breast cancer. Here, we examined the prognostic and predictive value of PTEN and PTEN pseudogene (PTENP1) gene expression in patients with locally advanced breast cancer ...
      Journal article
    • High-Intensity Interval Training in Patients with Heart Failure with Reduced Ejection Fraction 

      Ellingsen, Øyvind; Halle, Martin; Conraads, Viviane; Støylen, Asbjørn; Dalen, Håvard; Delagardelle, Charles; Larsen, Alf Inge; Hole, Torstein; Mezzani, Alessandro; Van Craenenbroeck, Emeline M.; Videm, Vibeke; Beckers, Paul; Christle, Jeffrey W.; Winzer, Ephraim; Mangner, Norman; Woitek, Felix; Höllriegel, Robert; Pressler, Axel; Monk-Hansen, Tea; Snoer, Martin; Feiereisen, Patrick; Valborgland, Torstein; Kjekshus, John; Hambrecht, Rainer; Gielen, Stephan; Karlsen, Trine; Prescott, Eva; Linke, Axel (Wolters Kluwer, 2017-02)
      Background: Small studies have suggested that high-intensity interval training (HIIT) is superior to moderate continuous training (MCT) in reversing cardiac remodeling and increasing aerobic capacity in patients with heart ...
      Journal article
    • HIV patients with latent tuberculosis living in a low-endemic country do not develop active disease during a 2 year follow-up; a Norwegian prospective multicenter study 

      Pullar, Nadine Durema; Steinum, Harald; Bruun, Johan Nikolai; Dyrhol-Riise, Anne Ma (BioMed Central, 2014-12-17)
      Background: Interferon-γ release assays (IGRA) serve as immunodiagnostics of tuberculosis (TB) infection to identify individuals with latent TB infection (LTBI) eligible for preventive anti-TB therapy. In this ...
      Journal article
    • HIV-1 subtype distribution and its demographic determinants in newly diagnosed patients in Europe suggest highly compartmentalized epidemics 

      Abecasis, Ana B.; Wensing, Annemarie M. J.; Paraskevis, Dimitris; Vercauteren, Jurgen; Theys, Kristof; Van de Vijver, David A. M. C.; Albert, Jan; Åsjø, Birgitta; Balotta, Claudia; Beshkov, Danail; Camacho, Ricardo J.; Clotet, Bonaventura; De Gascun, Cillian; Griskevicius, Algis; Grossman, Zehava; Hamouda, Osamah; Horban, Andrzej; Kolupajeva, Tatjana; Korn, Klaus; Kostrikis, Leon G.; Kücherer, Claudia; Liitsola, Kirsi; Linka, Marek; Nielsen, Claus; Otelea, Dan; Paredes, Roger; Poljak, Mario; Puchhammer-Stöckl, Elisabeth; Schmit, Jean-Claude; Sönnerborg, Anders; Stanekova, Danika; Stanojevic, Maja; Struck, Daniel; Boucher, Charles A. B.; Vandamme, Anne-Mieke (BioMed Central, 2013-01-14)
      Background: Understanding HIV-1 subtype distribution and epidemiology can assist preventive measures and clinical decisions. Sequence variation may affect antiviral drug resistance development, disease progression, ...
      Journal article
    • Hospitalization for acute myocardial infarction – trends in case fatality, and the impact of changing definition on number of events, subtypes and mortality 

      Langørgen, Jørund (The University of Bergen, 2014-09-24)
      Background: Few studies of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) among hospitalized patients have had direct estimates of long-term case fatality after AMI, and the literature is conflicting regarding gender-related prognosis ...
      Doctoral thesis
    • HOTAIR and its surrogate DNA methylation signature indicate carboplatin resistance in ovarian cancer 

      Teschendorff, Andrew E.; Lee, Shih-Han; Jones, Allison; Fiegl, Heidi; Kalwa, Marie; Wagner, Wolfgang; Chindera, Kantaraja; Evans, Iona; Dubeau, Louis; Orjalo, Arturo; Horlings, Hugo M.; Niederreiter, Lukas; Kaser, Arthur; Yang, Winnie; Goode, Ellen L.; Fridley, Brooke L.; Jenner, Richard G.; Berns, Els M.; Wik, Elisabeth; Salvesen, Helga Birgitte; Wisman, G. B. A.; van der Zee, Ate G.; Davidson, Ben; Trope, Claes Gøran; Lambrechts, Sandrina; Vergote, Ignace; Calvert, Hilary; Jacobs, Ian J.; Widschwendter, Martin (BioMed Central, 2015-10-24)
      Background: Understanding carboplatin resistance in ovarian cancer is critical for the improvement of patients’ lives. Multipotent mesenchymal stem cells or an aggravated epithelial to mesenchymal transition phenotype of ...
      Journal article
    • Human cognitive ability is influenced by genetic variation in components of postsynaptic signalling complexes assembled by NMDA receptors and MAGUK proteins 

      Hill, Wayne David; Davies, Gail; Van De Lagemaat, Louie N.; Christoforou, Andrea; Marioni, Riccardo R.; Duarte Fernandes, Carla; Liewald, David Cherry; Croning, Mike D.R.; Payton, Anthony; Craig, Leone C.A.; Whalley, Lawrence J.; Horan, Michael; Ollier, William E.R.; Hansell, Narelle K.; Wright, Margaret J.; Martin, Nicholas G.; Montgomery, Grant W.; Steen, Vidar Martin; Le Hellard, Stephanie; Espeseth, Thomas; Lundervold, Astri; Reinvang, Ivar; Starr, John M.; Pendleton, Neil; Grant, Seth G.N.; Bates, Timothy C.; Deary, Ian John (Nature Publishing Group, 2014)
      Differences in general cognitive ability (intelligence) account for approximately half of the variation in any large battery of cognitive tests and are predictive of important life events including health. Genome-wide ...
      Journal article
    • Hypomagnesemia and functional hypoparathyroidism due to novel mutations in the Mg-channel TRPM6 

      Astor, Marianne; Løvås, Kristian; Wolff, Anette Susanne Bøe; Nedrebø, Bjørn Gunnar; Bratland, Eirik; Steen-Johnsen, Jon; Husebye, Eystein Sverre (Bioscientifica, 2015)
      Primary hypomagnesemia with secondary hypocalcemia (HSH) is an autosomal recessive disorder characterized by neuromuscular symptoms in infancy due to extremely low levels of serum magnesium and moderate to severe hypocalcemia. ...
      Journal article