Now showing items 132-151 of 388

    • Global carbon budget 2014 

      Le Quéré, Corinne; Moriarty, Roisin; Andrew, Robbie; Peters, Glen Philip; Ciais, Philippe; Friedlingstein, Pierre; Jones, Samantha D.; Sitch, Stephen; Tans, Pieter; Arneth, Almut; Boden, Thomas A.; Bopp, Laurent; Bozec, Yann; Canadell, Josep G.; Chini, Louise P.; Chevallier, Frédéric; Cosca, Cathrine E.; Harris, Ian C.; Hoppema, Mario; Houghton, Richard A.; House, Joanna I.; Jain, Atul K.; Johannessen, Truls; Kato, Etsushi; Keeling, Ralph F.; Kitidis, Vassilis; Klein Goldewijk, Kees; Koven, Charles D.; Landa, Camilla Stegen; Landschützer, Peter; Lenton, Andrew; Lima, Ivan D.; Marland, Gregg; Mathis, Jeremy T.; Metzl, Nicolas; Nojiri, Yukihiro; Olsen, Are; Ono, Tsuneo; Peng, Shushi; Peters, Wouter; Pfeil, Benjamin; Poulter, Benjamin; Raupach, Michael R.; Regnier, Pierre; Rödenbeck, Christian; Saito, Shu; Salisbury, Joseph E.; Schuster, Ute; Schwinger, Jörg; Séférian, Roland; Segschneider, Joachim; Steinhoff, Tobias; Stocker, Benjamin D.; Sutton, Adrienne J.; Takahashi, Taro; Tilbrook, Bronte; van der Werf, Guido R.; Viovy, Nicolas; Wang, Yingping; Wanninkhof, Rik; Wiltshire, Andrew J.; Zeng, Ning (Copernicus Publications, 2015-05-08)
      Accurate assessment of anthropogenic carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions and their redistribution among the atmosphere, ocean, and terrestrial biosphere is important to better understand the global carbon cycle, support the ...
      Journal article
    • Global Carbon Budget 2015 

      Le Quéré, Corinne; Moriarty, Roisin; Andrew, Robbie; Canadell, Josep G.; Sitch, Stephen; Korsbakken, Jan Ivar; Friedlingstein, Pierre; Peters, Glen Philip; Andres, Robert J.; Boden, Thomas A.; Houghton, Richard A.; House, Joanna I.; Keeling, Ralph F.; Tans, Pieter; Arneth, Almut; Bakker, Dorothée C.E.; Barbero, Leticia; Bopp, Laurent; Chang, Joseph; Chevallier, Frédéric; Chini, Louise P.; Ciais, Philippe; Fader, Marianela; Feely, Richard A.; Gkritzalis, Thanos; Harris, Ian; Hauck, Judith; Ilyina, Tatiana; Jain, Atul K.; Kato, Etsushi; Kitidis, Vassilis; Goldewijk, K. Klein; Koven, Charles Dunbar; Landschützer, Peter; Lauvset, Siv Kari; Lefévre, Nathalie; Lenton, Andrew; Lima, Ivan D.; Metzl, Nicolas; Millero, Frank; Munro, David R.; Murata, Aki; Nabel, Julia E.M.S.; Nakaoka, Shinichirou; Nojiri, Yukihiro; O'Brien, Kevin; Olsen, Are; Ono, Tsuneo; Pérez, Fiz Fernández; Pfeil, Benjamin; Pierrot, Denis; Poulter, Benjamin; Rehder, Gregor; Rödenbeck, Christian; Saito, Shu; Schuster, Ute; Schwinger, Jörg; Séférian, Roland; Steinhoff, Tobias; Stocker, Benjamin D.; Sutton, Adrienne J.; Takahashi, Taro; Tilbrook, Bronte; van der Laan-Luijkx, Ingrid Theodora; van der Werf, Guido R.; van Heuven, Steven; Vandemark, Douglas; Viovy, Nicolas; Wiltshire, Andy; Zaehle, Sönke; Zeng, Ning (Copernicus Publications, 2015-12-07)
      Accurate assessment of anthropogenic carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions and their redistribution among the atmosphere, ocean, and terrestrial biosphere is important to better understand the global carbon cycle, support the ...
      Journal article
    • Global observed changes in daily climate extremes of temperature and precipitation 

      Alexander, L. V.; Zhang, X.; Peterson, T. C.; Caesar, J.; Gleason, B.; Klein Tank, A.; Haylock, M.; Collins, D.; Trewin, B.; Rahimzadeh, F.; Tagipour, A.; Ambenje, P.; Kumar, K. Rupa; Revadekar, J.; Griffiths, G.; Vincent, L.; Stephenson, David B.; Burn, J.; Aguliar, E.; Brunet, M.; Taylor, M.; New, M.; Zhai, P.; Rusticucci, M.; Vazquez-Aguirre, J. L. (American Geophysical Union, 2006-03-15)
      A suite of climate change indices derived from daily temperature and precipitation data, with a primary focus on extreme events, were computed and analyzed. By setting an exact formula for each index and using specially ...
      Journal articlePeer reviewed
    • Growing Ice in a Tank: Young Sea Ice Evolution and Turbulence in the Under Ice Boundary Layer 

      Håvik, Lisbeth (The University of Bergen, 2011-11-14)
      Thin sea ice and its modifications of the oceanic boundary layer are important in the context of the recent retreat of the Arctic sea ice cover. To study turbulence in the under ice boundary layer during thin sea ice growth, ...
      Master thesis
    • Has a warm North Atlantic contributed to recent European cold winters? 

      Keenlyside, Noel; Omrani, Nour-Eddine (IOP Publishing, 2014-06-02)
      The rise of global surface temperature waned during the last decade, despite increasing greenhouse gas concentrations. The temperature changes were most pronounced over northern hemisphere land masses during winter (Cohen ...
      Journal article
    • Heat flux variations in the eastern Norwegian Atlantic Current toward 

      Orvik, Kjell Arild; Skagseth, Øystein (American Geophysical Union, 2005-07-21)
      Journal article
    • Heterogeneity of impacts of high CO2 on the North Western European shelf 

      Artioli, Yuri; Blackford, Jerry C.; Nondal, Gisle; Bellerby, Richard; Wakelin, Sarah L.; Holt, Jason T.; Butenschön, Momme; Allen, Julian Icarus (Copernicus Publications, 2014-02-03)
      The increase in atmospheric CO2 is a dual threat to the marine environment: from one side it drives climate change, leading to modifications in water temperature, circulation patterns and stratification intensity; on the ...
      Journal article
    • High resolution weather forecasting and predictability - applications in complex terrain 

      Hauge, Gard (The University of BergenStorm Weather Center, 2006-11-17)
      Doctoral thesis
    • A high‐resolution hindcast of wind and waves for the North Sea, the Norwegian Sea, and the Barents Sea 

      Reistad, Magnar; Breivik, Øyvind; Haakenstad, Hilde; Aarnes, Ole Johan; Furevik, Birgitte Rugaard; Bidlot, Jean-Raymond (WileyAmerican Geophysical Union, 2011-05)
      A combined high-resolution atmospheric downscaling and wave hindcast based on the ERA-40 reanalysis covering the Norwegian Sea, the North Sea, and the Barents Sea is presented. The period covered is from September 1957 to ...
      Journal article
    • Holocene trends in the foraminifer record from the Norwegian Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean 

      Andersson, Carin; Pausata, Francesco S. R.; Jansen, Eystein; Risebrobakken, Bjørg; Telford, Richard J. (Copernicus PublicationsEuropean Geosciences Union, 2010-03-30)
      The early to mid-Holocene thermal optimum is a well-known feature in a wide variety of paleoclimate archives from the Northern Hemisphere. Reconstructed summer temperature anomalies from across northern Europe show a ...
      Journal article
    • Hvordan klimaet kan endres - en innføring 

      Grønås, Sigbjørn (2012-08-07)
      Denne boka handler om det naturvitenskapelige grunnlaget for klimaendringer, om hvordan klimaet kan endres, hva vi vet og hva som er usikkert. En stor del av arbeidet til FNs klimapanel IPCC omfatter dette grunnlaget, de ...
    • Hydrography and circulation in the Filchner Depression, Weddell Sea, Antarctica 

      Darelius, Elin Maria K.; Makinson, Keith; Daae, Kjersti Birkeland; Fer, Ilker; Holland, Paul R.; Nicholls, Keith W. (American Geophysical Union (AGU)Wiley, 2014)
      Cold and dense ice shelf water (ISW) emerging from the Filchner-Ronne Ice Shelf cavity in the southwestern Weddell Sea flows northward through the Filchner Depression to eventually descend the con- tinental slope and ...
      Journal article
    • Ice and brine production in Hornsund 

      Arntsen, Martin (The University of Bergen, 2015-06-02)
      The Hornsund fjord system has been studied using observations of the atmosphere, ocean and sea ice, and two different types of models. The study documents significant year to year variability in sea ice formation and ...
      Master thesis
    • Ice shelf water overflow and bottom water formation in the southern Weddell Sea 

      Foldvik, Arne; Gammelsrød, Tor; Østerhus, Svein; Fahrbach, E.; Rohardt, G.; Schröder, Michael; Nicholls, Keith W.; Padman, L.; Woodgate, R. A. (American Geophysical Union, 2004-02-17)
      Cold shelf waters flowing out of the Filchner Depression in the southern Weddell Sea make a significant contribution to the production of Weddell Sea Bottom Water (WSBW), a precursor to Antarctic Bottom Water (AABW). We ...
      Journal article
    • The impact of mean state errors on equatorial Atlantic interannual variability in a climate model 

      Ding, Hui; Keenlyside, Noel; Latif, Mojib; Park, Wonsun; Wahl, Sebastian (American Geophysical Union, 2015-02-23)
      Observations show that the Equatorial Atlantic Zonal Mode (ZM) obeys similar physics to the El Niño Southern Oscillation (ENSO): positive Bjerknes and delayed negative feedbacks. This implies the ZM may be predictable on ...
      Journal article
    • Impact of springtime Himalayan-Tibetan Plateau snowpack on the onset of the Indian summer monsoon in coupled seasonal forecasts 

      Senan, Retish; Orsolini, Yvan; Weisheimer, Antje; Vitart, Frédéric; Balsamo, Gianpaolo; Dutra, E.; Doblas-Reyes, Franscisco J.; Basang, Droma (Springer, 2016-02-20)
      The springtime snowpack over the Himalayan–Tibetan Plateau (HTP) region and Eurasia has long been suggested to be an influential factor on the onset of the Indian summer monsoon. To assess the impact of realistic initialization ...
      Journal article
    • The impact of the wind stress curl in the North Atlantic on the Atlantic inflow to the Norwegian Sea toward the Arctic 

      Orvik, Kjell Arild; Skagseth, Øystein (American Geophysical Union, 2003-09-04)
      The Norwegian Atlantic Current (NwAC) through the Norwegian Sea serves as a conduit of warm and saline Atlantic water from the North Atlantic to the Arctic Ocean, an important factor for climate and ecology. In this ...
      Journal articlePeer reviewed
    • Impacts of Atlantic multi-decadal variability on the Indo-Pacific and Northern Hemisphere climate 

      Svendsen, Lea (The University of Bergen, 2016-06-03)
      Earlier studies have shown that Atlantic multi-decadal variability (AMY) can impact climate variability globally. However the instrumental records are short compared to the timescale of AMY, and mechanisms for these impacts ...
      Doctoral thesis
    • Impacts of climate change on Blue Nile flows using bias-corrected GCM scenarios 

      Elshamy, Mohamed; Seierstad, Ivar Ambjørn; Sorteberg, Asgeir (Copernicus Publications on behalf of the European Geosciences Union, 2009)
      This study analyses the output of 17 general circulation models (GCMs) included in the 4th IPCC assessment report. Downscaled precipitation and potential (reference crop) evapotranspiration (PET) scenarios for the ...
      Journal articlePeer reviewed
    • Implementation of slope irradiance in Mesoscale Model version 5 and its effect on temperature and wind fields during the breakup of a temperature inversion 

      Hauge, Gard; Hole, L. R. (American Geophysical Union, 2003-01-24)
      The atmospheric mesoscale model MM5 has been used at high horizontal resolution to simulate the breakup of a temperature inversion in complex topography. To improve the surface parameterizations during daytime, slope and ...
      Journal articlePeer reviewed