Now showing items 429-448 of 618

    • Quantification of iron-rich volcanogenic dust emissions and deposition over the ocean from Icelandic dust sources 

      Arnalds, Olafur; Ólafsson, Haraldur; Dagsson-Waldhauserova, Pavla (Copernicus PublicationsEuropean Geosciences Union, 2014-12-02)
      Iceland has extremely active dust sources that result in large-scale emissions and deposition on land and at sea. The dust has a volcanogenic origin of basaltic composition with about 10% Fe content. We used two independent ...
      Journal article
    • Quantifying the contribution of anthropogenic influence to the East Asian winter monsoon in 1960-2012 

      Hao, Xin; He, Shengping; Wang, Huijun; Han, Tingting (EGU, 2019-08-07)
      The East Asian winter monsoon (EAWM) is greatly influenced by many factors that can be classified as anthropogenic forcing and natural forcing. Here we explore the contribution of anthropogenic influence to the change in ...
      Journal article
    • A quantitative description of the West Spitsbergen Current by combining hydrography, altimetry and in-situ current meters 

      Muus Falck, Håvard (The University of Bergen and University Centre in Svalbard, UNIS, 2014-06-02)
      In a warming Arctic Ocean (AO) it is important to study its main source of oceanic heat and salt. Here, seasonal climatological sections of the West Spitsbergen Current (WSC) across 78.83°N have been constructed using ...
      Master thesis
    • Rapid changes in the Subpolar Gyre based on an Ocean General Circulation Model 

      Blesvik, Torgeir Hauge (The University of Bergen, 2013-06-03)
      Data from the ocean component of the Norwegian Earth System Model has been analyzed for the period 1960-2008. Most attention is given to the Subpolar Gyre, which strength and spatial extensiveness is understood to have ...
      Master thesis
    • Recent drought and precipitation tendencies in Ethiopia 

      Viste, Ellen Marie; Korecha, Diriba; Sorteberg, Asgeir (Springer Verlag, 2013-05)
      In 2011, drought in the Horn of Africa again made news headlines. This study aims to quantify the meteorological component of this and other drought episodes in Ethiopia since 1971. A monthly precipitation data set for 14 ...
      Journal article
    • Recent wind driven high sea ice area export in the Fram Strait contributes to Arctic sea ice decline 

      Smedsrud, Lars Henrik; Sirevaag, Anders; Kloster, Kjell; Sorteberg, Asgeir; Sandven, Stein (Copernicus Publications, 2011-10-14)
      Arctic sea ice area has been decreasing for the past two decades. Apart from melting, the southward drift through Fram Strait is the main ice loss mechanism. We present high resolution sea ice drift data across 79° N from ...
      Journal article
    • Reconstructing the time history of the air-sea CO2 disequilibrium and its rate of change in the eastern subpolar North Atlantic, 1972–1989 

      Omar, Abdirahman M.; Olsen, Are (American Geophysical Union, 2006-02-18)
      This study determines the temporal changes of wintertime surface ocean partial pressure of CO2 (pCO2 SW) in the eastern subpolar North Atlantic (esNA) (50–64ºN; 32–10ºW) by using data of carbon-system parameters ...
      Journal articlePeer reviewed
    • Reconstruction of Glacier Mass Balance and Sensitivity Tests to Climate Change: A case study of Ålfotbreen and Nigardsbreen 

      Wangdui, Wangdui (The University of Bergen, 2011-11-30)
      A physically-based one dimensional CROCUS snow model was applied to simulate the surface mass balances of Ålfotbreen (1964-2009) and Nigardsbreen (1962-2009) in southern Norway. The required hourly meteorological input ...
      Master thesis
    • The red-sky enigma over Svalbard in December 2002 

      Sigernes, Fred; Lloyd, N.; Lorentzen, Dag Arne; Neuber, R.; Hoppe, U.-P.; Degenstein, D.; Shumilov, N.; Moen, Jøran Idar; Gjessing, Yngvar; Havnes, Ove; Skartveit, Arvid; Raustein, Elmer; Ørbæk, J.B.; Deehr, CS (European Geosciences Union, 2005)
      On 6 December 2002, during winter darkness, an extraordinary event occurred in the sky, as viewed from Longyearbyen (78° N, 15° E), Svalbard, Norway. At 07:30 UT the southeast sky was surprisingly lit up in a deep red ...
      Journal article
    • Regional climate models' performance in representing precipitation and temperature over selected Mediterranean areas 

      Deidda, Roberto; Marrocu, Marino; Caroletti, Giulio Nils; Pusceddu, Gabriella; Langousis, Andreas; Lucarini, Valerio; Puliga, Michele; Speranza, Antonio (Copernicus Publications, 2013-12-12)
      This paper discusses the relative performance of several climate models in providing reliable forcing for hydrological modeling in six representative catchments in the Mediterranean region. We consider 14 Regional Climate ...
      Journal article
    • Regional, seasonal, and predictable Arctic sea ice change 

      Onarheim, Ingrid Husøy (The University of Bergen, 2017-12-07)
      The loss of Arctic sea ice is one of the most prominent and best quantified indicators of ongoing global climate change. Satellite passive microwave observations since 1979 indicate significant negative sea ice extent ...
      Doctoral thesis
    • Resolving the controls of water vapour isotopes in the Atlantic sector 

      Bonne, Jean-Louis; Behrens, Melanie K.; Meyer, Hanno; Kipfstuhl, Sepp; Rabe, Benjamin; Schonicke, Lutz; Steen-Larsen, Hans Christian; Werner, Martin (Springer Nature, 2019-04-09)
      Stable water isotopes are employed as hydrological tracers to quantify the diverse implications of atmospheric moisture for climate. They are widely used as proxies for studying past climate changes, e.g., in isotope records ...
      Journal article
    • Resolving the upper-ocean warm layer improves the simulation of the Madden-Julian oscillation 

      Tseng, Wan-Ling; Tsuang, Ben-Jei; Keenlyside, Noel; Hsu, Huang-Hsiung; Tu, Chia-Ying (Springer, 2014-09)
      Here we show that coupling a high-resolution one-column ocean model to an atmospheric general circulation model dramatically improves simulation of the Madden–Julian oscillation (MJO) to have realistic strength, period, ...
      Journal article
    • Response of Arctic Ocean stratification to changing river runoff in a column model 

      Nummelin, Aleksi; Li, Camille; Smedsrud, Lars Henrik (Wiley, 2015-04-07)
      A one-dimensional model of the atmosphere-ice-ocean column is used to study the effects of changing river runoff to the Arctic Ocean. River runoff is the largest contributor of freshwater to the Arctic and is expected to ...
      Journal article
    • Retention of Coastal Cod Eggs in a Fjord Caused by Interactions between Egg Buoyancy and Circulation Pattern 

      Myksvoll, Mari Skuggedal; Sundby, Svein; Ådlandsvik, Bjørn; Vikebø, Frode B. (American Fisheries Society, 2011-08-01)
      Norwegian coastal cod form a stationary population of Atlantic cod Gadus morhua consisting of several genetically separated subpopulations. A small-scale differentiation in marine populations with pelagic eggs and larvae ...
      Peer reviewedJournal article
    • A review of air-ice chemical and physical interactions (AICI): Liquids, quasi-liquids, and solids in snow 

      Bartels-Rausch, Thorsten; Jacobi, Hans-Werner; Kahan, Tara F.; Thomas, Jennie L.; Thomson, Erik S.; Abbatt, Jonathan P.D.; Ammann, Markus; Blackford, Jane R.; Bluhm, Hendrik; Boxe, Christopher S.; Dominé, Florent; Frey, Markus M.; Gladich, Ivan; Guzmán, Marcelo I.; Heger, Dominik; Huthwelker, Thomas; Klán, Petr; Kuhs, Werner F.; Kuo, Min H.; Maus, Sønke; Moussa, Samar G.; McNeill, V. Faye; Newberg, John T.; Pettersson, Jan B.C.; Roeselovà, Martina; Sodeau, John R. (Copernicus Publications, 2014-02-12)
      Snow in the environment acts as a host to rich chemistry and provides a matrix for physical exchange of contaminants within the ecosystem. The goal of this review is to summarise the current state of knowledge of physical ...
      Journal article
    • The Role of Atlantic Heat Transport in Future Arctic Winter Sea Ice Loss 

      Årthun, Marius; Eldevik, Tor; Smedsrud, Lars H. (American Meteorological Society, 2019-05-14)
      During recent decades Arctic sea ice variability and retreat during winter have largely been a result of variable ocean heat transport (OHT). Here we use the Community Earth System Model (CESM) large ensemble simulation ...
      Journal article
    • Role of atmosphere-ocean interactions in supermodeling the tropical Pacific climate 

      Shen, Mao-Lin; Keenlyside, Noel; Bhatt, Bhuwan Chandra; Duane, Gregory (AIP Publishing, 2017-12-29)
      The supermodel strategy interactively combines several models to outperform the individual models comprising it. A key advantage of the approach is that nonlinear improvements can be achieved, in contrast to the linear ...
      Journal article
    • The role of land and ocean evaporation on the variability of precipitation in the Yangtze River valley 

      Fremme, Astrid Kristine; Sodemann, Harald (Copernicus Publications, 2019-06-04)
      The Yangtze River valley (YRV) experiences large intraseasonal and interannual precipitation variability, which is mainly due to East Asian monsoon influence. The East Asian monsoon is caused by interaction of many processes ...
      Journal article
    • The role of the Southern Ocean in past global biogeochemical cycling 

      Morée, Anne (The University of Bergen, 2020-04-27)
      This thesis describes several recent advances on the role of the Southern Ocean in past global biogeochemical cycling. We focus on the ocean of the Last Glacial Maximum (LGM) and the Pleistocene epoch and apply proxies of ...
      Doctoral thesis