Now showing items 1-4 of 4

    • Constraints to do realistic modeling of the electric field ahead of the tip of a lightning leader 

      Skeltved, Alexander Broberg; Østgaard, Nikolai; Mezentsev, Andrey; Lehtinen, Nikolai; Carlson, Brant Edward (American Geophysical Union, 2017-08)
      Several computer models exist to explain the observation of terrestrial gamma‐ray flashes (TGFs). Some of these models estimate the electric field ahead of lightning leaders and its effects on electron acceleration and ...
      Journal article
    • Meter-scale spark X-ray spectrum statistics 

      Carlson, Brant Edward; Østgaard, Nikolai; Kochkin, Pavlo; Grøndahl, Øystein; Nisi, Ragnhild Schrøder; Weber, Kristian; Scherrer, Zack; LeCaptain, Kristian (AGU Publications, 2015-11-13)
      X-ray emission by sparks implies bremsstrahlung from a population of energetic electrons, but the details of this process remain a mystery. We present detailed statistical analysis of X-ray spectra detected by multiple ...
      Journal article
    • Modeling the relativistic runaway electron avalanche and the feedback mechanism with GEANT4 

      Skeltved, Alexander Broberg; Østgaard, Nikolai; Gjesteland, Thomas; Celestin, Sebastien; Carlson, Brant Edward (Wiley, 2014-11)
      This paper presents the first study that uses the GEometry ANd Tracking 4 (GEANT4) toolkit to do quantitative comparisons with other modeling results related to the production of terrestrial gamma ray flashes and high-energy ...
      Journal article
    • Time domain simulations of preliminary breakdown pulses in natural lightning 

      Carlson, Brant Edward; Liang, Can; Bitzer, Phillip M.; Christian, Hugh J. (Wiley, 2015-06)
      Lightning discharge is a complicated process with relevant physical scales spanning many orders of magnitude. In an effort to understand the electrodynamics of lightning and connect physical properties of the channel to ...
      Journal article