Now showing items 250-269 of 2402

    • Can Electronic Tools Help Improve Nursing Home Quality? 

      Krüger, Kjell; Strand, Line; Geitung, Jonn Terje; Eide, Geir Egil; Grimsmo, Anders (Hindawi, 2011)
      Background: Nursing homes face challenges in the coming years due to the increased number of elderly. Quality will be under pressure, expectations of the services will rise, and clinical complexity will grow. New strategies ...
      Journal article
    • Can insomnia in pregnancy predict postpartum depression? A longitudinal, population-based study 

      Dørheim, Signe Karen; Bjorvatn, Bjørn; Eberhard-Gran, Malin (PLoS, 2014-04-14)
      Background: Insomnia and depression are strongly interrelated. This study aimed to describe changes in sleep across childbirth, and to evaluate whether insomnia in pregnancy is a predictor of postpartum depression. Methods: ...
      Journal article
    • Can spirometric norms be set using pre- or post- bronchodilator test results in older people? 

      Kato, Bernet; Gulsvik, Amund; Vollmer, William; Janson, Christer; Studnika, Michael; Buist, Sonia; Burney, Peter (BioMed Central, 2012-11-16)
      Background: Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) is defined by post-bronchodilator spirometry. Data on “normal values” come predominantly from pre-bronchodilator spirometry. The effects of this on diagnosis are ...
      Peer reviewedJournal article
    • Can the cardiovascular family history reported by our patients be trusted? The Norwegian Stroke in the Young Study 

      Øygarden, Halvor; Fromm, Annette; Sand, Kristin Modalsli; Eide, Geir Egil; Thomassen, Lars; Næss, Halvor; Waje-Andreassen, Ulrike (Wiley, 2016-01)
      Background and purpose: Family history (FH) is used as a marker for inherited risk. Using FH for this purpose requires the FH to reflect true disease in the family. The aim was to analyse the concordance between young and ...
      Journal article
    • Can timely vector control interventions triggered by atypical environmental conditions prevent malaria epidemics? A case-study from Wajir County, Kenya 

      Maes, Peter; Harries, Anthony D.; Van den Bergh, Rafael; Noor, Abdisalan; Snow, Robert W.; Tayler-Smith, Katherine; Hinderaker, Sven Gudmund; Zachariah, Rony; Allan, Richard (PLoS, 2014-04-03)
      Background: Atypical environmental conditions with drought followed by heavy rainfall and flooding in arid areas in sub- Saharan Africa can lead to explosive epidemics of malaria, which might be prevented through timely ...
      Journal article
    • Cancer and Total Hip Replacement. Cancer as a risk factor for prosthesis and prosthesis as a risk factor for cancer 

      Dybvik, Eva Hansen (The University of Bergen, 2015-09-18)
      Annually, 14 million new cancer cases are detected worldwide; the numbers are expected to rise by 70% over the next decades. In Norway, 30,000 new cancer cases are detected every year. Because of screenings and increased ...
      Doctoral thesis
    • Cancer Stem Cell-Related Markers in Normal and Neoplastic Oral Mucosa. A study on human samples and experimental models 

      Osman, Tarig Al-Hadi (The University of Bergen, 2014-06-04)
      The existence of cancer stem cells (CSCs) in solid cancers is still a controversial issue. Several markers were successfully used to enrich for cells with stem cell-like properties in oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). ...
      Doctoral thesis
    • Cancer stem cells as mediators of treatment resistance in brain tumors: Status and controversies 

      Sakariassen, Per Øystein; Immervoll, Heike; Chekenya, Martha (Elsevier, 2007-11)
      Malignant primary brain tumors are characterized by a short median survival and an almost 100% tumorrelated mortality. Despite the addition of new chemotherapy regimes, the overall survival has improved marginally, and ...
      Journal article
    • Cancer worry among Norwegian male BRCA1/2 mutation carriers 

      Strømsvik, Nina; Råheim, Målfrid; Gjengedal, Eva (Springer, 2011-09)
      This qualitative study explored the experiences of Norwegian men after being identified as BRCA 1/2 mutation-positive. Only limited knowledge is available on this topic; therefore, the aim of this study was to gain ...
      Journal articlePeer reviewed
    • Candidate gene analysis of spontaneous preterm delivery: New insights from re-analysis of a case-control study using case-parent triads and control-mother dyads 

      Myking, Solveig; Myhre, Ronny; Gjessing, Håkon K.; Morken, Nils-Halvdan; Sengpiel, Verena; Williams, Scott M.; Ryckman, Kelli K.; Magnus, Per; Jacobsson, Bo (BioMed Central, 2011-12-30)
      Background: Spontaneous preterm delivery (PTD) has a multifactorial etiology with evidence of a genetic contribution to its pathogenesis. A number of candidate gene case-control studies have been performed on spontaneous ...
      Journal article
    • Candidate locus analysis of the TERT–CLPTM1L cancer risk region on chromosome 5p15 identifies multiple independent variants associated with endometrial cancer risk 

      Carvajal-Carmona, Luis G.; O'Mara, Tracy A.; Painter, Jodie N.; Lose, Felicity A.; Dennis, Joe; Michailidou, Kyriaki; Tyrer, Jonathan P; Ahmed, Shahana; Ferguson, Kaltin; Healey, Catherine S.; Pooley, Karen; Beesley, Jonathan; Cheng, Timothy; Jones, Angela; Howarth, Kimberley; Martin, Lynn; Gorman, Maggie; Hodgson, Shirley; Wentzensen, Nicholas; Fasching, Peter A.; Hein, Alexander; Beckmann, Matthias W.; Renner, Stefan P.; Dörk, Thilo; Hillemanns, Peter; Durst, Matthias; Runnebaum, Ingo; Lambrechts, Dieter; Coenegrachts, Lieve; Schrauwen, Stefanie; Amant, Frederic; Winterhoff, Boris; Dowdy, Sean C.; Goode, Ellen L.; Teoman, Attila; Salvesen, Helga; Trovik, Jone; Njølstad, Tormund Salvesen; Werner, Henrica Maria Johanna; Scott, Rodney J.; Ashton, Katie; Proietto, Tony; Otton, Geoffrey; Wersäll, Ofra; Mints, Miriam; Tham, Emma; Hall, Per; Czene, Kamila; Liu, Jianjun; Li, Jingmei; Hopper, John L.; Southey, Melissa C.; Ekici, Arif B.; Ruebner, Matthias; Johnson, Nichola; Peto, Julian; Burwinkel, Barbara; Marme, Frederik; Brenner, Hermann; Dieffenbach, Aida Karina; Meindl, Alfons; Brauch, Hiltrud; Lindblom, Annika; Depreeuw, Jeroen; Moisse, Matthieu; Chang-Claude, Jenny; Rudolph, Anja; Couch, Fergus J.; Olson, Janet E.; Giles, Graham G.; Bruinsma, Fiona; Cunningham, Julie M.; Fridley, Brooke L.; Børresen-Dale, Anne-Lise; Kristensen, Vessela N.; Cox, Angela; Swerdlow, Anthony J.; Orr, Nicholas; Bolla, Manjeet K.; Wang, Qin; Weber, Rachel Palmieri; Chen, Zhihua; Shah, Mitul; Pharoah, Paul D.P.; Dunning, Alison M.; Tomlinson, Ian; Easton, Douglas F.; Spurdle, Amanda B.; Thompson, Deborah J. (Springer, 2014-12-09)
      Several studies have reported associations between multiple cancer types and single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) on chromosome 5p15, which harbours TERT and CLPTM1L, but no such association has been reported with ...
      Journal article
    • The cannabis pathway to non-affective psychosis may reflect less neurobiological vulnerability 

      Løberg, Else-Marie; Helle, Siri; Nygård, Merethe; Berle, Jan Øystein; Kroken, Rune; Johnsen, Erik (Frontiers, 2014-11-18)
      There is a high prevalence of cannabis use reported in non-affective psychosis. Early prospective longitudinal studies conclude that cannabis use is a risk factor for psychosis, and neurochemical studies on cannabis have ...
      Journal article
    • Capacity and Adaptations of General Practice during an Influenza Pandemic 

      Simonsen, Kristian Anton; Hunskår, Steinar; Sandvik, Hogne; Rørtveit, Guri (PLOS, 2013-07-18)
      Background: GPs play a major role in influenza epidemics, and most patients with influenza-like-illness (ILI) are treated in general practice or by primary care doctors on duty in out-of-hours services (OOH). Little is ...
      Journal article
    • Capillary leakage in post-cardiac arrest survivors during therapeutic hypothermia - a prospective, randomised study 

      Heradstveit, Bård E.; Guttormsen, Anne Berit; Langørgen, Jørund; Hammersborg, Stig-Morten; Wentzel-Larsen, Tore; Fanebust, Rune; Larsson, Elna-Marie; Heltne, Jon-Kenneth (BioMed Central, 2010-05-25)
      Background: Fluids are often given liberally after the return of spontaneous circulation. However, the optimal fluid regimen in survivors of cardiac arrest is unknown. Recent studies indicate an increased fluid requirement ...
      Journal article
    • Carbamylation of immunoglobulin abrogates activation of the classical complement pathway 

      Koro, Catalin; Bielecka, Ewa; Dahl-Knudsen, Anders; Enghild, Jan J; Scavenius, Carsten; Brun, Johan G; Binder, Veronika; Hellvard, Annelie; Bergum, Brith; Jonsson, Roland; Potempa, Jan; Blom, Anna M.; Mydel, Piotr Mateusz (Wiley, 2014-11)
      Post-translational modifications of proteins significantly affect their structure and function. The carbamylation of positively charged lysine residues to form neutral homoitrulline occurs primarily under inflammatory ...
      Journal article
    • Cardiotoxicity of Doxorubicin. A Study of Methods and Protective Interventions in Rat Models 

      Hole, Lisa Drange (The University of Bergen, 2015-03-13)
      Introduction: The clinical use of anthracyclines, like doxorubicin, is a double-edged sword. On one side, anthracyclines play an undisputed key role in the treatment of many neoplastic diseases. On the other side; ...
      Doctoral thesis
    • Care seeking and management of common childhood illnesses in Tanzania: Questioning the quality of primary care services 

      Kahabuka, Catherine (The University of Bergen, 2013-04-15)
      Mild cases of malaria, pneumonia and diarrhea can be effectively treated with cheap and widely available first-line drugs at the primary care level if care is sought at an early disease stage and the infection is correctly ...
      Doctoral thesis
    • Care-Seeking and Management of Common Childhood Illnesses in Tanzania – Results from the 2010 Demographic and Health Survey 

      Kahabuka, Catherine; Kvåle, Gunnar; Hinderaker, Sven Gudmund (Public Library of Science, 2013-03-12)
      Background: Malaria, pneumonia and diarrhoea continue to kill millions of children in Africa despite the available and effective treatments. Correct diagnosis and prompt treatment with effective drugs at the first option ...
      Peer reviewedJournal article
    • Caregiver roles in families affected by Huntington's disease: a qualitative interview study 

      Røthing, Merete; Malterud, Kirsti; Frich, Jan C. (Wiley, 2014-12)
      Aim: The objective of this study was to explore family caregivers' experiences with the impact of Huntington's disease (HD) on the family structure and roles in the family. Methodology: We interviewed 15 family ...
      Journal article
    • Carrying the weight of uncertainty: Patients' long-term experiences after bariatric surgery 

      Natvik, Eli (The University of Bergen, 2015-10-09)
      The prevalence of obesity and severe obesity has increased rapidly in Norway since the 1980’s. Severe obesity is a medically introduced term for large body weight that is connected to health risk and impaired quality of ...
      Doctoral thesis