Now showing items 345-364 of 3205

    • Can traditional risk factors explain the higher risk of cardiovascular disease in South Asians compared to Europeans in Norway and New Zealand? Two cohort studies 

      Rabanal, Kjersti Stormark; Meyer, Haakon E; Tell, Grethe S.; Igland, Jannicke; Pylypchuk, Romana; Mehta, Suneela; Kumar, Bernadette; Jenum, Anne Karen; Selmer, Randi; Jackson, Rod (BMJ, 2017)
      Objectives: The objective was to prospectively examine potential differences in the risk of first cardiovascular disease (CVD) events between South Asians and Europeans living in Norway and New Zealand, and to investigate ...
      Journal article
    • Can we rely on simulated patients' satisfaction with their consultation for assessing medical students' communication skills? A cross-sectional study 

      Gude, Tore; Grimstad, Hilde; Holen, Are; Anvik, Tor; Bærheim, Anders; Fasmer, Ole Bernt; Hjortdahl, Per; Vaglum, Per Jørgen Wiggen (BioMed Central, 2015-12-18)
      Background. In medical education, teaching methods offering intensive practice without high utilization of faculty resources are needed. We investigated whether simulated patients’ (SPs’) satisfaction with a consultation ...
      Journal article
    • Cancer and Total Hip Replacement. Cancer as a risk factor for prosthesis and prosthesis as a risk factor for cancer 

      Dybvik, Eva Hansen (The University of Bergen, 2015-09-18)
      Annually, 14 million new cancer cases are detected worldwide; the numbers are expected to rise by 70% over the next decades. In Norway, 30,000 new cancer cases are detected every year. Because of screenings and increased ...
      Doctoral thesis
    • Cancer cachexia associates with a systemic autophagy-inducing activity mimicked by cancer cell-derived IL-6 trans-signaling 

      Pettersen, Kristine; Andersen, Sonja Benedikte; Degen, simone; Tadini, Valentina; Grosjean, Joel; Hatakeyama, Shinji; Tesfahun, Almaz Nigatu; Moestue, Siver Andreas; Kim, Jana; Nonstad, Unni; Romundstad, Pål Richard; Skorpen, Frank; Sørhaug, Sveinung; Amundsen, Tore; Grønberg, Bjørn Henning; Strasser, Florian; Stephens, Nathan; Hoem, Dag; Molven, Anders; Kaasa, Stein; Fearon, Kenneth; Jacobi, Carsten; Bjørkøy, Geir (Nature Publishing Group, 2017-05-17)
      The majority of cancer patients with advanced disease experience weight loss, including loss of lean body mass. Severe weight loss is characteristic for cancer cachexia, a condition that significantly impairs functional ...
      Journal article
    • Cancer in ANCA-Associated Glomerulonephritis: A Registry-Based Cohort Study 

      Sriskandarajah, Sanjeevan; Bostad, Leif; Myklebust, Tor Åge; Møller, Bjørn; Skrede, Steinar; Bjørneklett, Rune (Hindawi, 2017-12-18)
      Background. Immunosuppressive therapy for antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody-associated vasculitis has been associated with increased malignancy risk. Objectives. To quantify the cancer risk associated with contemporary ...
      Journal article
    • Cancer patients’ use of primary care out-of-hours services: a cross-sectional study in Norway 

      Thoresen, Camilla Kjellstadli; Sandvik, Hogne; Hunskaar, Steinar (Taylor & Francis, 2016)
      Objective: To investigate how cancer patients in Norway use primary care out-of-hours (OOH) services and describe different contact types and procedures. Design: A retrospective cross-sectional registry study using a ...
      Journal article
    • Cancer Stem Cell-Related Markers in Normal and Neoplastic Oral Mucosa. A study on human samples and experimental models 

      Osman, Tarig Al-Hadi (The University of Bergen, 2014-06-04)
      The existence of cancer stem cells (CSCs) in solid cancers is still a controversial issue. Several markers were successfully used to enrich for cells with stem cell-like properties in oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). ...
      Doctoral thesis
    • Cancer stem cells as mediators of treatment resistance in brain tumors: Status and controversies 

      Sakariassen, Per Øystein; Immervoll, Heike; Chekenya, Martha (Elsevier, 2007-11)
      Malignant primary brain tumors are characterized by a short median survival and an almost 100% tumorrelated mortality. Despite the addition of new chemotherapy regimes, the overall survival has improved marginally, and ...
      Journal article
    • Cancer worry among Norwegian male BRCA1/2 mutation carriers 

      Strømsvik, Nina; Råheim, Målfrid; Gjengedal, Eva (Springer, 2011-09)
      This qualitative study explored the experiences of Norwegian men after being identified as BRCA 1/2 mutation-positive. Only limited knowledge is available on this topic; therefore, the aim of this study was to gain ...
      Journal articlePeer reviewed
    • Candidate gene analysis of spontaneous preterm delivery: New insights from re-analysis of a case-control study using case-parent triads and control-mother dyads 

      Myking, Solveig; Myhre, Ronny; Gjessing, Håkon K.; Morken, Nils-Halvdan; Sengpiel, Verena; Williams, Scott M.; Ryckman, Kelli K.; Magnus, Per; Jacobsson, Bo (BioMed Central, 2011-12-30)
      Background: Spontaneous preterm delivery (PTD) has a multifactorial etiology with evidence of a genetic contribution to its pathogenesis. A number of candidate gene case-control studies have been performed on spontaneous ...
      Journal article
    • A candidate gene investigation of methylphenidate response in adult attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder patients: results from a naturalistic study 

      Hegvik, Tor-Arne; Jacobsen, Kaya Kvarme; Fredriksen, Mats; Zayats, Tetyana; Haavik, Jan (Springer, 2016-08)
      Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a common childhood onset neuropsychiatric disorder with a complex and heterogeneous symptomatology. Persistence of ADHD symptoms into adulthood is common. Methylphenidate ...
      Journal article
    • Candidate locus analysis of the TERT–CLPTM1L cancer risk region on chromosome 5p15 identifies multiple independent variants associated with endometrial cancer risk 

      Carvajal-Carmona, Luis G.; O'Mara, Tracy A.; Painter, Jodie N.; Lose, Felicity A.; Dennis, Joe; Michailidou, Kyriaki; Tyrer, Jonathan P; Ahmed, Shahana; Ferguson, Kaltin; Healey, Catherine S.; Pooley, Karen; Beesley, Jonathan; Cheng, Timothy; Jones, Angela; Howarth, Kimberley; Martin, Lynn; Gorman, Maggie; Hodgson, Shirley; Wentzensen, Nicholas; Fasching, Peter A.; Hein, Alexander; Beckmann, Matthias W.; Renner, Stefan P.; Dörk, Thilo; Hillemanns, Peter; Durst, Matthias; Runnebaum, Ingo; Lambrechts, Dieter; Coenegrachts, Lieve; Schrauwen, Stefanie; Amant, Frederic; Winterhoff, Boris; Dowdy, Sean C.; Goode, Ellen L.; Teoman, Attila; Salvesen, Helga Birgitte; Trovik, Jone; Njølstad, Tormund Salvesen; Werner, Henrica Maria Johanna; Scott, Rodney J.; Ashton, Katie; Proietto, Tony; Otton, Geoffrey; Wersäll, Ofra; Mints, Miriam; Tham, Emma; Hall, Per; Czene, Kamila; Liu, Jianjun; Li, Jingmei; Hopper, John L.; Southey, Melissa C.; Ekici, Arif B.; Ruebner, Matthias; Johnson, Nichola; Peto, Julian; Burwinkel, Barbara; Marme, Frederik; Brenner, Hermann; Dieffenbach, Aida Karina; Meindl, Alfons; Brauch, Hiltrud; Lindblom, Annika; Depreeuw, Jeroen; Moisse, Matthieu; Chang-Claude, Jenny; Rudolph, Anja; Couch, Fergus J.; Olson, Janet E.; Giles, Graham G.; Bruinsma, Fiona; Cunningham, Julie M.; Fridley, Brooke L.; Børresen-Dale, Anne-Lise; Kristensen, Vessela N.; Cox, Angela; Swerdlow, Anthony J.; Orr, Nicholas; Bolla, Manjeet K.; Wang, Qin; Weber, Rachel Palmieri; Chen, Zhihua; Shah, Mitul; Pharoah, Paul D.P.; Dunning, Alison M.; Tomlinson, Ian; Easton, Douglas F.; Spurdle, Amanda B.; Thompson, Deborah J. (Springer, 2014-12-09)
      Several studies have reported associations between multiple cancer types and single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) on chromosome 5p15, which harbours TERT and CLPTM1L, but no such association has been reported with ...
      Journal article
    • The cannabis pathway to non-affective psychosis may reflect less neurobiological vulnerability 

      Løberg, Else-Marie; Helle, Siri; Nygård, Merethe; Berle, Jan Øystein; Kroken, Rune; Johnsen, Erik (Frontiers, 2014-11-18)
      There is a high prevalence of cannabis use reported in non-affective psychosis. Early prospective longitudinal studies conclude that cannabis use is a risk factor for psychosis, and neurochemical studies on cannabis have ...
      Journal article
    • Capacity and Adaptations of General Practice during an Influenza Pandemic 

      Simonsen, Kristian Anton; Hunskår, Steinar; Sandvik, Hogne; Rørtveit, Guri (PLOS, 2013-07-18)
      Background: GPs play a major role in influenza epidemics, and most patients with influenza-like-illness (ILI) are treated in general practice or by primary care doctors on duty in out-of-hours services (OOH). Little is ...
      Journal article
    • Capillary leakage in post-cardiac arrest survivors during therapeutic hypothermia - a prospective, randomised study 

      Heradstveit, Bård E.; Guttormsen, Anne Berit; Langørgen, Jørund; Hammersborg, Stig-Morten; Wentzel-Larsen, Tore; Fanebust, Rune; Larsson, Elna-Marie; Heltne, Jon-Kenneth (BioMed Central, 2010-05-25)
      Background: Fluids are often given liberally after the return of spontaneous circulation. However, the optimal fluid regimen in survivors of cardiac arrest is unknown. Recent studies indicate an increased fluid requirement ...
      Journal article
    • Carbamylation of immunoglobulin abrogates activation of the classical complement pathway 

      Koro, Catalin; Bielecka, Ewa; Dahl-Knudsen, Anders; Enghild, Jan J; Scavenius, Carsten; Brun, Johan G; Binder, Veronika; Hellvard, Annelie; Bergum, Brith; Jonsson, Roland; Potempa, Jan; Blom, Anna M.; Mydel, Piotr Mateusz (Wiley, 2014-11)
      Post-translational modifications of proteins significantly affect their structure and function. The carbamylation of positively charged lysine residues to form neutral homoitrulline occurs primarily under inflammatory ...
      Journal article
    • Cardiac Arrest in a Community: Epidemiology, Treatment, and Outcome 

      Buanes, Eirik Alnes (The University of Bergen, 2017-09-01)
      Background: Incidence and mortality from sudden cardiac arrest is high, making it a prevalent cause of death. Both incidence and survival rates show great variability between populations. In order to improve survival ...
      Doctoral thesis
    • Cardiotoxicity of Doxorubicin. A Study of Methods and Protective Interventions in Rat Models 

      Hole, Lisa Drange (The University of Bergen, 2015-03-13)
      Introduction: The clinical use of anthracyclines, like doxorubicin, is a double-edged sword. On one side, anthracyclines play an undisputed key role in the treatment of many neoplastic diseases. On the other side; ...
      Doctoral thesis
    • Care seeking and management of common childhood illnesses in Tanzania: Questioning the quality of primary care services 

      Kahabuka, Catherine (The University of Bergen, 2013-04-15)
      Mild cases of malaria, pneumonia and diarrhea can be effectively treated with cheap and widely available first-line drugs at the primary care level if care is sought at an early disease stage and the infection is correctly ...
      Doctoral thesis
    • Care-Seeking and Management of Common Childhood Illnesses in Tanzania – Results from the 2010 Demographic and Health Survey 

      Kahabuka, Catherine; Kvåle, Gunnar; Hinderaker, Sven Gudmund (Public Library of Science, 2013-03-12)
      Background: Malaria, pneumonia and diarrhoea continue to kill millions of children in Africa despite the available and effective treatments. Correct diagnosis and prompt treatment with effective drugs at the first option ...
      Peer reviewedJournal article