Now showing items 1-10 of 62
Strengthening malaria and climate research in Ethiopia
(BioMed Central, 2014-09-22)
Maternal and neonatal mortality in south-west Ethiopia: Estimates and socio-economic inequality
(Public Library of Science, 2014-04-30)
Introduction: Ethiopia has achieved the fourth Millennium Development Goal by reducing under 5 mortality. Nevertheless, there are challenges in reducing maternal and neonatal mortality. The aim of this study was to estimate ...
Lifesaving emergency obstetric services are inadequate in south-west Ethiopia: a formidable challenge to reducing maternal mortality in Ethiopia
(BioMed Central, 2013-11-04)
Background: Most maternal deaths take place during labour and within a few weeks after delivery. The availability and utilization of emergency obstetric care facilities is a key factor in reducing maternal mortality; ...
Health Extension Workers Improve Tuberculosis Case Detection and Treatment Success in Southern Ethiopia: A Community Randomized Trial
(Public Library of Science, 2009-05-08)
Background: One of the main strategies to control tuberculosis (TB) is to find and treat people with active disease. Unfortunately, the case detection rates remain low in many countries. Thus, we need interventions to ...
Determinants of Treatment Adherence Among Smear-Positive Pulmonary Tuberculosis Patients in Southern Ethiopia
(Public Library of Science, 2007-02-13)
Background: Defaulting from treatment remains a challenge for most tuberculosis control programmes. It may increase the risk of drug resistance, relapse, death, and prolonged infectiousness. The aim of this study was ...
Antiretroviral therapy at a district hospital in Ethiopia prevents death and tuberculosis in a cohort of HIV patients
(BioMed Central, 2006-04-07)
Background: Although highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) reduces mortality in the developed world, it remains undocumented in resource-poor settings. We assessed the effect of HAART on patient mortality and ...
The rate of TB-HIV co-infection depends on the prevalence of HIV infection in a community
(BioMed Central, 2008-07-30)
Background: A complex interaction exists between tuberculosis (TB) and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection at an individual and community level. Limited knowledge about the rate of HIV infection in TB patients ...
Patient and health service delay in the diagnosis of pulmonary tuberculosis in Ethiopia
(BioMed Central, 2002-09-25)
Background: Delay in the diagnosis of tuberculosis may worsen the disease, increase the risk of death and enhance tuberculosis transmission in the community. This study aims to determine the length of delay between ...
Traditional values of virginity and sexual behaviour in rural Ethiopian youth: results from a cross-sectional study
(BioMed Central, 2008-01-09)
Background: Delaying sexual initiation has been promoted as one of the methods of decreasing risks of HIV among young people. In traditional countries, such as Ethiopia, retaining virginity until marriage is the norm. ...
Ownership and use of long-lasting insecticidal nets for malaria prevention in Butajira area, south-central Ethiopia: complex samples data analysis
(BioMed Central, 2014-01-31)
Background: Despite the encroaching of endemic malaria to highland-fringe areas above 2000 meters above sea level in Ethiopia, there is limited information on ownership and use of mosquito nets for malaria prevention. ...