Now showing items 1-10 of 2886
Passive case finding: Diagnostic approaches, cost and delay in TB management in Dar es Salaam and Pwani regions, Tanzania.
(The University of Bergen, 2010-12-03)
Background and objectives: TB case detection in Tanzania is mainly through passive case finding, however, it has remained below the WHO and national target of 70%. Several studies have investigated different strategies ...
Bioactive fatty acids and coronary heart disease. Mechanisms and clinical effects of dietary fatty acids
(The University of Bergen, 2013-06-26)
Background: A high intake of omega-3 (n-3) long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCPUFAs), which are potential peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR) agonists, has been associated with proposed favourable ...
Helbredsscreening i almen praksis. Et kvalitativt studie om menneskers tanker og erfaringer
(The University of Bergen, 2013-09-24)
Despite the lack of evidence of the actual effects of general health screenings, it is still being discussed whether the screenings should be a public offer. There is a lack of scientific investigations concerning the ...
Low-energy fracture of the distal radius in middleaged and elderly Norwegian women and men. Topics related to osteoporosis, fracture risk and vitamin D
(The University of Bergen, 2011-02-25)
Introduction: Low-energy distal radius fractures normally occur earlier in life than hip and spine fractures and may be the first presentation of osteoporosis. Few studies have addressed the association between distal ...
Assessment of retention force and bone apposition in two differently coated femoral stems after 6 months of loading in a goat model
(BioMed Central, 2014-08-16)
Background: Since the introduction of uncemented hip implants, there has been a search for the best surface coating to enhance bone apposition in order to improve retention. The surface coating of the different stems ...
Transfusion requirements in septic shock (TRISS) trial - comparing the effects and safety of liberal versus restrictive red blood cell transfusion in septic shock patients in the ICU: protocol for a randomised controlled trial
(BioMed Central, 2013-05-23)
Background: Transfusion of red blood cells (RBC) is recommended in septic shock and the majority of these patients receive RBC transfusion in the intensive care unit (ICU). However, benefit and harm of RBCs have not ...
Developing a novel femoral stem in hip arthroplasty. An innovation process using a weight-bearing animal model
(The University of Bergen, 2015-08-20)
Introduction: To address the growing incidence of hip replacement revision, this project aimed to find a stem that would fulfil three criteria. First, solid osteointegration and long survival of the implant. Second, ...
Dietary correlates of an at-risk BMI among Inuit adults in the Canadian high arctic: cross-sectional international polar year Inuit health survey, 2007-2008
(BioMed Central, 2012-09-18)
Background: The study’s objective was to investigate the dietary correlates of an at-risk body mass index (BMI) among Inuit adults from thirty-six communities across the Canadian Arctic using data from the cross-sectional ...
Gastric adenocarcinoma: aspects of development and progression in high- and low-risk countries
(The University of Bergen, 2010-03-25)
The Social Context of Prevention of Mother to Child Transmission of HIV (PMTCT) in Uganda: Mothers’ and health care providers’ experiences and lessons for programme improvement
(The University of Bergen, 2012-11-27)
Introduction: The prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV (PMTCT) programme has been operational in Uganda since the year 2000, but its performance remains sub-optimal. The objective of this thesis is to increase ...