Now showing items 1-20 of 3380

    • Chronic disease among women in a resource-constrained setting. The case of pelvic organ prolapse in rural Ethiopia 

      Gjerde, Janne Lillelid (The University of Bergen, 2018-10-08)
      Background: Pregnancy and childbirth are major risk factors for pelvic floor disorders worldwide. Many of the affected women live in resource-constrained settings with high fertility rates, early-age deliveries and limited ...
      Doctoral thesis
    • Life after pelvic organ prolapse surgery: a qualitative study in Amhara region, Ethiopia 

      Gjerde, Janne Lillelid; Rørtveit, Guri; Adefris, Mulat; Belayneh, Tadesse; Blystad, Astrid (BioMed Central, 2018-05-29)
      Background: Women living in resource constrained settings often have limited knowledge of and access to surgical treatment for pelvic organ prolapse. Additionally, little is known about experiences during recovery periods or ...
      Journal article
    • An evolutionary epigenetics approach to schizophrenia 

      Banerjee, Niladri (The University of Bergen, 2018-09-28)
      Schizophrenia is a psychotic disorder with an estimated lifetime prevalence of ~1% worldwide. Despite reduced fecundity of patients, this rate is stable across population groups separated by geography and time. There is ...
      Doctoral thesis
    • Recently evolved human-specific methylated regions are enriched in schizophrenia signals 

      Banerjee, Niladri; Polushina, Tatiana; Bettella, Francesco; Giddaluru, Sudheer; Steen, Vidar Martin; Andreassen, Ole Andreas; Le Hellard, Stephanie (BioMed Central, 2018)
      Background: One explanation for the persistence of schizophrenia despite the reduced fertility of patients is that it is a by-product of recent human evolution. This hypothesis is supported by evidence suggesting that ...
      Journal article
    • Female urinary incontinence: perceptions and practice. A qualitative study from Amhara Region, Ethiopia 

      Gjerde, Janne Lillelid (The University of Bergen, 2012-10-04)
      The current study aims to add in-depth knowledge of how women living in rural and semiurban areas of Northwest Ethiopia perceive and practically handle urinary incontinence. In several high-income settings, female urinary ...
      Master thesis
    • Neopterin as an effect modifier of the cardiovascular risk predicted by total homocysteine: A prospective 2-cohort study 

      Bjørnestad, Espen Øglænd; Borsholm, Robert Andre; Svingen, Gard Frodahl Tveitevåg; Pedersen, Eva Ringdal; Seifert, Reinhard; Midttun, Øivind; Ueland, Per Magne; Tell, Grethe S.; Bønaa, Kaare Harald; Nygård, Ottar (American Heart Association, 2017-10)
      Background: Plasma total homocysteine (tHcy) is related to plasma neopterin, an indicator of interferon‐γ‐mediated immune activation, and both biomarkers positively predict cardiovascular risk. We examined whether ...
      Journal article
    • Semiprone position is superior to supine position for paediatric endotracheal intubation during massive regurgitation, a randomized crossover simulation trial 

      Fevang, Espen; Haaland, Karin; Røislien, Jo; Bjørshol, Conrad Arnfinn (BioMed Central, 2018-01-18)
      Background: Endotracheal intubation of patients with massive regurgitation represents a challenge in emergency airway management. Gastric contents tend to block suction catheters, and few treatment alternatives exist. Based ...
      Journal article
    • Genetic and cellular studies of carboxyl-ester lipase (CEL), a protein involved in exocrine and endocrine pancreatic disease 

      Valvatne, Monica Dalva (The University of Bergen, 2018-09-13)
      Carboxyl-ester lipase (CEL) is a digestive enzyme mainly expressed in pancreatic acinar cells, from which it is secreted into the duodenum as a component of pancreatic juice. Mutations in the ...
      Doctoral thesis
    • Living a successful weight loss after severe obesity 

      Natvik, Eli; Råheim, Målfrid; Andersen, John Roger; Moltu, Christian (Taylor & Francis, 2018)
      Purpose: Losing weight and keeping it off for the long term is difficult. Weight regain is common. Experiences of successful non-surgical weight loss after severe obesity are largely unexplored. We know little about long-term ...
      Journal article
    • Deprescribing antihypertensive treatment in nursing home patients and the effect on blood pressure 

      Gulla, Christine; Flo, Elisabeth; Kjome, Reidun L. S.; Husebø, Bettina S. (Science Press, 2018-04)
      Background: It is debatable whether treating multimorbid nursing home patients with antihypertensive drugs produces beneficial effects. Most cardiovascular guidelines promote treatment; few have advice on how to deprescribe ...
      Journal article
    • A Fine Balance: Drug Use in Norwegian Nursing Homes 

      Gulla, Christine (The University of Bergen, 2018-09-11)
      Background: Today’s nursing home patients are old, fragile and suffer from multiple conditions. Consequently, they use on average seven different drugs each day. The total burden of these factors increases the vulnerability ...
      Doctoral thesis
    • Long-term effectiveness of cognitive behavior therapy for youth with anxiety disorders: Outcome, predictors and social anxiety 

      Kodal, Arne (The University of Bergen, 2018-06-01)
      Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) has demonstrated favorable long-term outcomes in youth with anxiety disorders in efficacy trials. However, long-term outcomes of CBT delivered in a community setting are uncertain. The ...
      Doctoral thesis
    • Long-term effectiveness of cognitive behavioral therapy for youth with anxiety disorders 

      Kodal, Arne; Fjermestad, Krister; Bjelland, Ingvar; Gjestad, Rolf; Øst, Lars Gøran; Bjåstad, Jon Fauskanger; Haugland, Bente Storm Mowatt; Havik, Odd E.; Heiervang, Einar; Wergeland, Gro Janne (Elsevier, 2018-01)
      Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) has demonstrated favorable long-term outcomes in youth with anxiety disorders in efficacy trials. However, long-term outcomes of CBT delivered in a community setting are uncertain. This ...
      Journal article
    • Subtyping social anxiety in youth 

      Kodal, Arne; Bjelland, Ingvar; Gjestad, Rolf; Wergeland, Gro Janne; Havik, Odd E.; Heiervang, Einar; Fjermestad, Krister (Elsevier, 2017-06)
      Few empirical studies have examined subtypes of social anxiety disorder (SAD) in youth, and limited consensus resides on the nature of potential subtypes. Identifying subtypes, based on both fear and avoidance patterns, ...
      Journal article
    • Circulating concentrations of biomarkers and metabolites related to Vitamin status, one-carbon and the kynurenine pathways in US, Nordic, Asian, and Australian populations 

      Midttun, Øivind; Theofylaktopoulou, Despoina; Mccann, Adrian; Fanidi, Anouar; Muller, David C.; Meyer, Klaus; Ulvik, Arve; Zheng, Wei; Shu, Xiao-Ou; Xiang, Yong-Bing; Prentice, Ross; Thomson, Cynthia A.; Pettinger, Mary; Giles, Graham G.; Hodge, Allison; Cai, Qiuyin; Blot, William J.; Wu, Jie; Johansson, Mikael; Hultdin, Johan; Grankvist, Kjell; Stevens, Victoria L.; McCullough, Marjorie L.; Weinstein, Stephanie J.; Albanes, Demetrius; Langhammer, Arnulf; Hveem, Kristian; Næss, Marit; Sesso, Howard D.; Gaziano, J. Michael; Buring, Julie E.; Lee, I-Min; Severi, Gianluca; Zhang, Xuehong; Han, Jiali; Stampfer, Meir J.; Smith-Warner, Stephanie A.; Zeleniuch-Jacquotte, Anne; Le Marchand, Loic; Yuan, Jian-Min; Butler, Lesley M.; Koh, Woon-Puay; Wang, Renwei; Gao, Yu-Tang; Ericson, Ulrika; Sonestedt, Emily; Ziegler, Regina G.; Freedman, Neal D.; Visvanathan, Kala; Jones, Miranda R.; Relton, Caroline; Brennan, Paul; Johansson, Mattias; Ueland, Per Magne (Oxford University Press, 2017-06)
      Background: Circulating concentrations of biomarkers that are related to vitamin status vary by factors such as diet, fortification, and supplement use. Published biomarker concentrations have also been influenced by the ...
      Journal article
    • The economic impact of multiple sclerosis to the patients and their families in Norway 

      Svendsen, Bjørn; Grytten, Nina; Bø, Lars; Aarseth, Hallvard Gilje; Smedal, Tori; Myhr, Kjell-Morten (Springer, 2018)
      Background: Multiple sclerosis (MS) imposes high economic costs on society, but the patients and their families have to bear some of these costs. Objective: We aimed to estimate the magnitude of these economic costs in ...
      Journal article
    • Space perception, movement and insight: Attuning to the space of everyday life after major weight loss 

      Natvik, Eli; Groven, Karen Synne; Råheim, Målfrid; Gjengedal, Eva; Gallagher, Shaun (Taylor & Francis, 2018)
      Physiotherapists are well placed to help people adjust and engage meaningfully with the world following major weight loss. Recent research indicates that the body size a patient has lived with for years can continue to ...
      Journal article
    • Identification of shared genetic variants between schizophrenia and lung cancer 

      Zuber, Verena; Jönsson, Erik Gunnar; Frei, Oleksandr; Witoelar, Aree; Thompson, V K; Schork, Andrew J; Bettella, Francesco; Wang, Yunpeng; Djurovic, Srdjan; Smeland, Olav Bjerkehagen; Dieset, Ingrid; Fanous, Ayman H.; Desikan, Rahul S; Küry, Sébastien; Bezieau, Stephane; Dale, Anders M; Mills, Ian Geoffrey; Andreassen, Ole Andreas (Nature Publishing Group, 2018-01-12)
      Epidemiology studies suggest associations between schizophrenia and cancer. However, the underlying genetic mechanisms are not well understood, and difficult to identify from epidemiological data. We investigated if there ...
      Journal article
    • Analysis of Parent-of-Origin Effects on the X Chromosome in Asian and European Orofacial Cleft Triads Identifies Associations with DMD, FGF13, EGFL6, and Additional Loci at Xp22.2 

      Skare, Øivind; Lie, Rolv T.; Haaland, Øystein Ariansen; Gjerdevik, Miriam; Romanowska, Julia; Gjessing, Håkon K.; Jugessur, Astanand (Frontiers, 2018-02-22)
      Background: Although both the mother's and father's alleles are present in the offspring, they may not operate at the same level. These parent-of-origin (PoO) effects have not yet been explored on the X chromosome, ...
      Journal article
    • Oral microbiota in autoimmune polyendocrine syndrome type 1 

      Bruserud, Øyvind; Siddiqui, Huma; Marthinussen, Michaela Cuida; Chen, Tsute; Jonsson, Roland; Oftedal, Bergithe Eikeland; Olsen, Ingar; Husebye, Eystein Sverre; Wolff, Anette Bøe (Taylor & Francis, 2018)
      Background: Autoimmune polyendocrine syndrome type-1 (APS-1) is a rare, childhood onset disease caused by mutations in the Autoimmune Regulator gene. The phenotypic expression is highly variable and includes disease ...
      Journal article