Now showing items 1-20 of 206

    • Circulating Vitamin D in relation to cancer incidence and survival of the head and neck and oesophagus in the EPIC cohort 

      Fanidi, Anouar; Muller, David C.; Midttun, Øivind; Ueland, Per Magne; Vollset, Stein Emil; Relton, Caroline; Vineis, Paolo; Weiderpass, Elisabete; Skeie, Guri; Brustad, Magritt; Palli, Domenico; Tumino, Rosario; Grioni, Sara; Sacerdote, Carlotta; Bueno-de-Mesquita, H. Bas; Peeters, Petra H.; Boutron-Ruault, Marie-Christine; Kvaskoff, Marina; Cadeau, Claire; Huerta, José María; Sánchez, María-José; Agudo, Antonio; Lasheras, Cristina; Quirós, J. Ramón; Chamosa, Saioa; Riboli, Elio; Travis, Ruth C; Ward, Heather; Murphy, Neil; Khaw, Kay-Tee; Trichopoulou, Antonia; Lagiou, Pagona; Papatesta, Eleni-Maria; Boeing, Heiner; Kühn, Tilman; Katzke, Verena; Steffen, Annika; Johansson, Anders; Brennan, Paul; Johansson, Mattias (Nature Publishing Group, 2016-11-04)
      Experimental and epidemiological data suggest that vitamin D play a role in pathogenesis and progression of cancer, but prospective data on head and neck cancer (HNC) and oesophagus cancer are limited. The European Prospective ...
      Journal article
    • Motor development related to duration of exclusive breastfeeding, B vitamin status and B12 supplementation in infants with a birth weight between 2000-3000 g, results from a randomized intervention trial 

      Torsvik, Ingrid Kristin; Ueland, Per Magne; Markestad, Trond; Midttun, Øivind; Monsen, Anne-Lise Bjørke (BioMed Central, 2015-12-18)
      Background: Exclusive breastfeeding for 6 months is assumed to ensure adequate micronutrients for term infants. Our objective was to investigate the effects of prolonged breastfeeding on B vitamin status and neurodevelopment ...
      Journal article
    • Autoimmunity and viral immunity in Addison’s disease 

      Waade Edvardsen, Kine Susann (The University of Bergen, 2015-11-27)
      Autoimmune Addison’s disease (AAD) is caused by an immunological destruction of the steroid producing cells of the adrenal cortex. Both genetic and environmental factors are involved in disease development, and while ...
      Doctoral thesis
    • Diet in irritable bowel syndrome 

      El-Salhy, Magdy; Gundersen, Doris Irene (BioMed Central Ltd, 2015-04-14)
      Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a common chronic gastrointestinal disorder that is characterized by intermittent abdominal pain/discomfort, altered bowel habits and abdominal bloating/distension. This review aimed at ...
      Journal article
    • Abundant Genetic Overlap between Blood Lipids and Immune-Mediated Diseases Indicates Shared Molecular Genetic Mechanisms 

      Andreassen, Ole Andreas; Desikan, Rahul S.; Wang, Yunpeng; Thompson, Wesley K.; Schork, Andrew J.; Zuber, Verena; Doncheva, Nadezhda T.; Ellinghaus,; Mattingsdal, Morten; Franke, Andre; Lie, Benedicte. A.; Mills, Ian Geoffrey; Aukrust, Pål; McEvoy, Linda K.; Djurovic, Srdjan; Karlsen, Tom H.; Dale, Anders M. (PLoS, 2015-04-08)
      Epidemiological studies suggest a relationship between blood lipids and immune-mediated diseases, but the nature of these associations is not well understood. We used genome-wide association studies (GWAS) to investigate ...
      Journal article
    • Densities of rectal peptide YY and somatostatin cells as biomarkers for the diagnosis of irritable bowel syndrome 

      El-Salhy, Magdy; Hatlebakk, Jan G; Gilja, Odd Helge; Hausken, Trygve (Elsevier, 2015-03-09)
      Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a common chronic disorder. IBS diagnosis is a diagnosis of exclusion since there are no blood tests, radiological or endoscopic examinations for this disorder. Although several attempts ...
      Journal article
    • Prior statin use and 90-day mortality in Gram-negative and Gram-positive bloodstream infection: a prospective observational study 

      Mehl, Arne; Harthug, Stig; Lydersen, Stian; Paulsen, Julie; Åsvold, Bjørn Olav; Solligård, Erik; Damås, Jan Kristian; Edna, Tom-Harald (Springer, 2015-03)
      n several studies on patients with bloodstream infection (BSI), prior use of statins has been associated with improved survival. Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria alert the innate immune system in different ways. ...
      Journal article
    • Increased gastric chromogranin A cell density following changes to diets of patients with irritable bowel syndrome 

      Mazzawi, Tarek; Gundersen, Doris; Hausken, Trygve; El-Salhy, Magdy (Spandidos, 2014-11)
      The gut endocrine cells control and regulate several functions of the gastrointestinal tract. They have been reported to be abnormal in irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), with alterations occurring in several functions regulated ...
      Journal article
    • Longterm follow-up in European respiratory health studies - patterns and implications 

      Johannessen, Ane; Verlato, Guiseppe; Benediktsdottir, Bryndis; Forsberg, Bertil; Franklin, Karl; Gíslason, Thorainn; Holm, Mathias; Janson, Christer; Jögi, Rain; Lindberg, Eva; Macsali, Ferenc; Omenaas, Ernst; Gomez Real, Francisco; Saure, Eirunn Waatevik; Schlünssen, Vivi; Sigsgaard, Torben; Skorge, Trude Duelien; Svanes, Cecilie; Torén, Kjell; Waatevik, Marie Johanne; Nilsen, Roy Miodini; de Marco, Roberto (BioMed Central, 2014-04-16)
      Background: Selection bias is a systematic error in epidemiologic studies that may seriously distort true measures of associations between exposure and disease. Observational studies are highly susceptible to selection ...
      Journal article
    • Susceptibility to chronic mucus hypersecretion, a genome wide association study 

      Dijkstra, Akkelies E.; Smolonska, J; Van Den Berge, M; Wijmenga, C; Zanen, P; Luinge, MA; Platteel, M; Lammers, JW; Dahlback, M; Tosh, K; Hiemstra, PS; Sterk, PJ; Spira, A; Vestbo, J; Nordestgaard, BG; Benn, M; Nielsen, SF; Dahl, M; Verschuren, WM; Picavet, HSJ; Smit, HA; Owsijewitsch, M; Kauczor, HU; De Koning, HJ; Nizankowska-Mogilnicka, E; Mejza, F; Nastalek, P; Van Diemen, CC; Cho, MH; Silverman, EK; Crapo, JD; Beaty, TH; Lomas, DA; Bakke, Per; Gulsvik, Amund; Bosse, Y; Obeidat, MA; Loth, DW; Lahousse, L; Rivadeneira, F; Uitterlinden, AG; Hofman, A; Stricker, BH; Brusselle, GG; Van Duijn, CM; Brouwer, U; Koppelman, GH; Vonk, JM; Nawijn, MC; Groen, HJM; Timens, W; Boezen, HM; Postma, DS; Alizadeh, BZ; De Boer, RA; Bruinenberg, M; Franke, L; Van Der Harst, P; Hillege, HL; Van Der Klauw, MM; Navis, G; Ormel, J; Rosmalen, J; Slaets, JP; Snieder, H; Stolk, RP; Wolffenbuttel, B (PLoS, 2014-04-08)
      Background: Chronic mucus hypersecretion (CMH) is associated with an increased frequency of respiratory infections, excess lung function decline, and increased hospitalisation and mortality rates in the general population. ...
      Journal article
    • Investigation of complement component C4 copy number variation in human longevity 

      Flachsbart, Friederike; Caliebe, Amke; Heinsen, Femke-Anouska; Karlsen, Tom Hemming; Schreiber, Stefan; Franke, Andre; Nebel, Almut (PLoS, 2014-01-22)
      Genetic factors have been estimated to account for about 25% of the variation in an adult’s life span. The complement component C4 with the isotypes C4A and C4B is an effector protein of the immune system, and differences ...
      Journal article
    • Limited clinical efficacy of azacitidine in transfusion-dependent, growth factor-resistant, low- and Int-1-risk MDS: Results from the nordic NMDSG08A phase II trial 

      Tobiasson, Magnus; Dybedal, Ingunn; Holm, Mette Skov; Karimi, Mohsen; Brandefors, Lena; Garelius, Hege; Grövdal, Michael; Høgh-Dufva, Inge; Grønbæk, Kirsten; Jansson, Monika; Marcher, Vlaus Werenberg; Nilsson, Lars Håkan; Kittang, Astrid Marta Olsnes; Porwit, Anna; Saft, Leonie; Möllgård, Lars; Hellström-Lindberg, Eva (Nature Publishing Group, 2014)
      This prospective phase II study evaluated the efficacy of azacitidine (Aza)+erythropoietin (Epo) in transfusion-dependent patients with lower-risk myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS). Patients ineligible for or refractory to ...
      Journal article
    • Cost effectiveness of adding budesonide/formoterol to tiotropium in COPD in four Nordic countries 

      Nielsen, Rune; Kankaanranta, Hannu; Bjermer, Leif; Lange, Peter; Arnetorp, Sofie; Hedegaard, Morten; Stenling, Anna; Mittmann, Nicole (Elsevier, 2013-11)
      Objective: Assess the cost effectiveness of budesonide/formoterol (BUD/FORM) Turbuhaler®+tiotropium (TIO) HandiHaler® vs. placebo (PBO)+TIO in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) eligible for inhaled ...
      Journal article
    • Dietary intake of n-3 long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids and risk of myocardial infarction in coronary artery disease patients with or without diabetes mellitus: a prospective cohort study 

      Strand, Elin; Pedersen, Eva Kristine Ringdal; Svingen, Gard Frodahl Tveitevåg; Schartum-Hansen, Hall; Rebnord, Eirik Wilberg; Bjørndal, Bodil; Seifert, Reinhard; Bohov, Pavol; Meyer, Klaus; Hiltunen, J. Kalervo; Nordrehaug, Jan Erik; Nilsen, Dennis W. T.; Berge, Rolf Kristian; Nygård, Ottar (BioMed Central, 2013-10-08)
      Background: A beneficial effect of a high n-3 long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acid (LCPUFA) intake has been observed in heart failure patients, who are frequently insulin resistant. We investigated the potential influence ...
      Journal article
    • Changes in the symptom pattern and the densities of large-intestinal endocrine cells following Campylobacter infection in irritable bowel syndrome: a case report 

      El-Salhy, Magdy; Mazzawi, Tarek; Gundersen, Doris; Hatlebakk, Jan Gunnar; Hausken, Trygve (BioMed Central Ltd., 2013-09-29)
      Background Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a common chronic functional gastrointestinal disorder. Post-infectious IBS (PI-IBS) is a subset of IBS that accounts for a large proportion of IBS patients. The PI-IBS symptoms ...
      Peer reviewedJournal article
    • Update on primary sclerosing cholangitis 

      Karlsen, Tom Hemming; Boberg, Kirsten Muri (Elsevier, 2013-09)
      Primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC) remains one of the most challenging conditions of clinical hepatology. There has been a steady growth in research to overcome this fact and the present review aims at summarizing the ...
      Journal article
    • The combination of valproic acid, all-trans retinoic acid and low-dose cytarabine as disease-stabilizing treatment in acute myeloid leukemia 

      Fredly, Hanne Kristin; Ersvær, Elisabeth; Kittang, Astrid O.; Tsykunova, Galina; Gjertsen, Bjørn Tore; Bruserud, Øystein (BioMed Central, 2013-08-01)
      Background: A large proportion of patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) are not fit for intensive and potentially curative therapy due to advanced age or comorbidity. Previous studies have demonstrated that a subset of ...
      Journal articlePeer reviewed
    • Histone deacetylase inhibition in the treatment of acute myeloid leukemia: the effects of valproic acid on leukemic cells, and the clinical and experimental evidence for combining valproic acid with other antileukemic agents 

      Fredly, Hanne Kristin; Gjertsen, Bjørn Tore; Bruserud, Øystein (BioMed Central, 2013-07-30)
      Several new therapeutic strategies are now considered for acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients unfit for intensive chemotherapy, including modulation of protein lysine acetylation through inhibition of histone deacetylases ...
      Journal articlePeer reviewed
    • Fever in the tropics: aetiology and case-fatality - a prospective observational study in a tertiary care hospital in South India 

      Abrahamsen, Siri Kratter; Haugen, Cathrine Nødtvedt; Rupali, Priscilla; Mathai, Dilip; Langeland, Nina; Eide, Geir Egil; Mørch, Kristine (BioMed Central, 2013-07-30)
      Background: The objective of this study was to describe aetiology and case fatality of fever among inpatients in a tertiary care hospital in South India.Methods: This was an observational, prospective study conducted in ...
      Journal article
    • Bioactive fatty acids and coronary heart disease. Mechanisms and clinical effects of dietary fatty acids 

      Strand, Elin (The University of Bergen, 2013-06-26)
      Background: A high intake of omega-3 (n-3) long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCPUFAs), which are potential peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR) agonists, has been associated with proposed favourable ...
      Doctoral thesis