Now showing items 21-40 of 92

    • Updating working memory in aircraft noise and speech causes different fMRI activations 

      Sætrevik, Bjørn; Sörqvist, Patrik (Scandinavian Psychological Associations and John Wiley & Sons Ltd., 2014-10-28)
      The present study used fMRI/BOLD neuroimaging to investigate how visual-verbal working memory is updated when exposed to three different background-noise conditions: speech noise, aircraft noise and silence. The number-updating ...
      Journal article
    • Attentional bias in snus users: An experimental study 

      Mentzoni, Rune Aune; Sætrevik, Bjørn; Molde, Helge; Wiium, Nora; Hetland, Jørn; Fagerland, Ida; Nordnes, Linn Tinnesand; Storemark, Sunniva Straume; Fossum, Ingrid Nesdal; Pallesen, Ståle (PLoS, 2014-10-08)
      The use of nicotine in the form of ‘‘snus’’ is substantial and increasing in some geographic areas, in particular among young people. It has previously been suggested that addictions may operate through a mechanism of ...
      Journal article
    • Psychopathy, anxiety, and resiliency – Psychological hardiness as a mediator of the psychopathy–anxiety relationship in a prison setting 

      Sandvik, Asle Makoto; Hansen, Anita Lill; Hystad, Sigurd William; Johnsen, Bjørn Helge; Bartone, Paul T. (Elsevier, 2014-09-14)
      The literature on the association between psychopathy and anxiety is somewhat mixed, but it has been proposed that one possible advantage of psychopathy might be resiliency against anxiety. Another construct related to ...
      Journal article
    • Different but similar: Social comparison of travel motives among tourists 

      Doran, Rouven; Larsen, Svein; Wolff, Katharina (Wiley, 2014-09-08)
      Although previous research suggests that people prefer to think of themselves as being authentic (or individualistic) travellers rather than stereotyped tourists, there have been few studies investigating the external ...
      Journal article
    • Psychopathy - the heterogeneity of the construct 

      Sandvik, Asle Makoto (The University of Bergen, 2014-09-01)
      Background Hervey Cleckley’s description of psychopathic personality detailed in his book, The Mask of Sanity (1941/1976), has strongly influenced the last seven decades of empirical research on psychopathy. Nevertheless, ...
      Doctoral thesis
    • Sleep and body mass index in adolescence: results from a large population-based study of Norwegian adolescents aged 16 to 19 years 

      Sivertsen, Børge; Pallesen, Ståle; Sand, Liv; Hysing, Mari (BioMed Central, 2014-08-15)
      Background: The aim of this study was to examine the association between body mass index (BMI) and sleep duration, insomnia and symptoms of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) in adolescents. Methods: Data were taken from a ...
      Journal article
    • The prevalence of workaholism: A survey study in a nationally representative sample of norwegian employees 

      Andreassen, Cecilie Schou; Griffiths, Mark D.; Hetland, Jørn; Kravina, Luca; Jensen, Fredrik Johan Broch; Pallesen, Ståle (PLoS, 2014-08-13)
      Workaholism has become an increasingly popular area for empirical study. However, most studies examining the prevalence of workaholism have used non-representative samples and measures with poorly defined cut-off scores. ...
      Journal article
    • Loneliness, social integration and consumption of sugar-containing beverages: Testing the social baseline theory 

      Henriksen, Roger Ekeberg; Torsheim, Torbjørn; Thuen, Frode (Public Library of Science, 2014-08-08)
      Objective: Social Baseline Theory (SBT) proposes that close relationships aid in metabolic resource management and that individuals without significant relationships may experience more demands on their own neural metabolic ...
      Journal article
    • Midlife insomnia and subsequent mortality: the Hordaland health study 

      Sivertsen, Børge; Pallesen, Ståle; Glozier, Nick; Bjorvatn, Bjørn; Salo, Paula; Tell, Grethe Seppola; Ursin, Reidun; Øverland, Simon (BioMed Central, 2014-07-15)
      Background: Previous research suggests a possible link between insomnia and mortality, but findings are mixed and well-controlled studies are lacking. The aim of the current study was to examine the effect of insomnia in ...
      Journal article
    • The aetiology and trajectory of anabolic-androgenic steroid use initiation: a systematic review and synthesis of qualitative research 

      Sagoe, Dominic; Andreassen, Cecilie Schou; Pallesen, Ståle (BioMed Central, 2014-07-02)
      Background: To our knowledge, there has never been a systematic review and synthesis of the qualitative literature on the trajectory and aetiology of nonmedical anabolic-androgenic steroid (AAS) use. Methods: We systematically ...
      Journal article
    • Workplace bullying as an antecedent to job insecurity and intention to leave: a 6-month prospective study 

      Glambek, Mats; Matthiesen, Stig Berge; Hetland, Jørn; Einarsen, Ståle (Wiley, 2014-07)
      Workplace bullying is a severe problem in contemporary working life, affecting up to 15 per cent of employees. Among the detrimental outcomes of bullying, it is even postulated as a major risk factor for exclusion from ...
      Journal article
    • Stereotypes of Norwegian Social Groups 

      Bye, Hege Høivik; Herrebrøden, Henrik; Hjetland, Gunnhild J.; Røyset, Guro Ø.; Westby, Linda L. (Wiley, 2014-06-30)
      We present a pilot study and two main studies that address the nature of stereotypes of social groups in Norway within the framework of the Stereotype Content Model (SCM). The first study focused on stereotypes of a wide ...
      Journal article
    • Are virtues national, supranational, or universal? 

      van Oudenhoven, Jan Pieter; de Raad, Boele; Timmerman, Marieke E.; Askevis-Leherpeux, Françoise; Boski, Pawel; Carmona, Carmen; Choubisa, Rajneesh; del Carmen Dominguez, Alejandra; Bye, Hege Høivik; Kurylo, Anastacia; Lahmann, Cornelia; Mastor, Khairul; Selenko, Eva; Slezáčková, Alena; Smith, Ripley; Tip, Linda; Yik, Michelle (Springer, 2014-05-02)
      Many studies investigated cultural differences in values, most notably by Hofstede and Schwarz. Relatively few have focused on virtues, a related and important concept in contemporary social science. The present paper ...
      Journal article
    • Are virtues national, supranational, or universal? 

      van Oudenhoven, Jan Pieter; de Raad, Boele; Timmerman, Marieke E.; Askevis-Leherpeux, Francoise; Boski, Pawel; Carmona, Carmen; Choubisa, Rajneesh; Dominguez, Alejandra del Carmen; Bye, Hege Høivik; Anastacia, Kurylo; Lahmann, Cornelia; Mastor, Khairul; Selenko, Eva; Slezáčková, Alena; Smith, Ripley; Tip, Linda; Yik, Michelle (Springer, 2014-05-02)
      Many studies investigated cultural differences in values, most notably by Hofstede and Schwarz. Relatively few have focused on virtues, a related and important concept in contemporary social science. The present paper ...
      Journal article
    • Prevalence and Correlates of Problem Gambling in a Representative Sample of Norwegian 17-Year-Olds 

      Hanss, Daniel; Mentzoni, Rune Aune; Blaszczynski, Alex; Molde, Helge; Torsheim, Torbjørn; Pallesen, Ståle (Springer, 2014-03-12)
      We report data collected in a representative sample of 17-year-old Norwegians to investigate prevalence rates of non-problem, risk, and problem gambling, as measured by the Problem Gambling Severity Index (PGSI). In addition, ...
      Journal article
    • Expectations and illness perceptions as predictors of benefit recipiency among workers with common mental disorders: secondary analysis from a randomised controlled trial 

      Løvvik, Camilla; Shaw, William; Øverland, Simon Nygaard; Reme, Silje Endresen (BMJ, 2014-03-03)
      Objective Common mental disorders (CMDs) are among the leading causes of sick leave, and more knowledge on factors related to work participation and return-to-work (RTW) in CMDs is needed. The aim of this study was to ...
      Journal article
    • Positive organizational behavior and safety in the offshore oil industry: Exploring the determinants of positive safety climate 

      Hystad, Sigurd William; Bartone, Paul T.; Eid, Jarle (Taylor & Francis, 2014-01)
      Much research has now documented the substantial influence of safety climate on a range of important outcomes in safety critical organizations, but there has been scant attention to the question of what factors might be ...
      Journal article
    • Attitudes toward gambling among adolescents 

      Hanss, Daniel; Mentzoni, Rune Aune; Delfabbro, Paul; Myrseth, Helga; Pallesen, Ståle (Taylor & Francis, 2014)
      It is well documented that attitudes toward gambling are a good predictor of problem gambling during adolescence. However, so far, little is known about what factors are associated with adolescents' gambling attitudes. ...
      Journal article
    • Psychopathy and the ability to read the “language of the eyes”: Divergence in the psychopathy construct 

      Sandvik, Asle Makoto; Hansen, Anita Lill; Johnsen, Bjørn Helge; Laberg, Jon Christian (Wiley, 2014)
      The capacity to interpret others people’s behavior and mental states is a vital part of human social communication. This ability, also called mentalizing or Theory of Mind (ToM), may also serve as a protective factor ...
      Journal article
    • The 'similarity index' as a measure of situation awareness in field studies 

      Sætrevik, Bjørn; Eid, Jarle (SAGE, 2013-12-17)
      The aim of this paper is to present a methodology where the extent of information sharing among team members is used as an indicator of shared mental models (SMM) and situation awareness (SA). Data collection procedures ...
      Journal article