Now showing items 1-20 of 39

  • The aetiology and trajectory of anabolic-androgenic steroid use initiation: a systematic review and synthesis of qualitative research 

    Sagoe, Dominic; Andreassen, Cecilie Schou; Pallesen, Ståle (BioMed Central, 2014-07-02)
    Background: To our knowledge, there has never been a systematic review and synthesis of the qualitative literature on the trajectory and aetiology of nonmedical anabolic-androgenic steroid (AAS) use. Methods: We systematically ...
    Journal article
  • Are virtues national, supranational, or universal? 

    van Oudenhoven, Jan Pieter; de Raad, Boele; Timmerman, Marieke E.; Askevis-Leherpeux, Françoise; Boski, Pawel; Carmona, Carmen; Choubisa, Rajneesh; del Carmen Dominguez, Alejandra; Bye, Hege Høivik; Kurylo, Anastacia; Lahmann, Cornelia; Mastor, Khairul; Selenko, Eva; Slezáčková, Alena; Smith, Ripley; Tip, Linda; Yik, Michelle (Springer, 2014-05-02)
    Many studies investigated cultural differences in values, most notably by Hofstede and Schwarz. Relatively few have focused on virtues, a related and important concept in contemporary social science. The present paper ...
    Journal article
  • Attentional bias in snus users: An experimental study 

    Mentzoni, Rune Aune; Sætrevik, Bjørn; Molde, Helge; Wiium, Nora; Hetland, Jørn; Fagerland, Ida; Nordnes, Linn Tinnesand; Storemark, Sunniva Straume; Fossum, Ingrid Nesdal; Pallesen, Ståle (PLoS, 2014-10-08)
    The use of nicotine in the form of ‘‘snus’’ is substantial and increasing in some geographic areas, in particular among young people. It has previously been suggested that addictions may operate through a mechanism of ...
    Journal article
  • Attitudes toward gambling among adolescents 

    Hanss, Daniel; Mentzoni, Rune Aune; Delfabbro, Paul; Myrseth, Helga; Pallesen, Ståle (Taylor & Francis, 2014)
    It is well documented that attitudes toward gambling are a good predictor of problem gambling during adolescence. However, so far, little is known about what factors are associated with adolescents' gambling attitudes. ...
    Journal article
  • Beware the angry leader: Trait anger and trait anxiety as predictors of petty tyranny 

    Kant, Leo; Skogstad, Anders; Torsheim, Torbjørn; Einarsen, Ståle (Elsevier, 2013)
    Drawing on the general aggression model and theories of victimization and temperamental goodness-of-fit, we investigated trait anger and trait anxiety as antecedents of petty tyranny: employing a multilevel design with ...
    Journal article
  • Can I Make a Difference? The Role of General and Domain-specific Self-efficacy in Sustainable Consumption Decisions 

    Hanss, Daniel; Böhm, Gisela (Pabst Science Publishers, 2010)
    We report a study which explored sustainable development self-efficacy (SDSE) beliefs, that is, domain-specific self-efficacy beliefs concerning one’s ability to foster sustainable development. We propose that ...
    Journal article
  • Changes in alcohol use and relationship satisfaction in Norwegian couples during pregnancy 

    Mellingen, Sonja; Torsheim, Torbjørn; Thuen, Frode (BioMed Central, 2013-01-28)
    Background: Numerous studies have documented a profound reduction in alcohol use among pregnant women, whereas research on expectant fathers has been scarce. The aim of this study was to measure changes in alcohol consumption ...
    Journal article
  • Communal proactive coping strategies among Tamil refugees in Norway: A case study in a naturalistic setting 

    Guribye, Eugene; Sandal, Gro Mjeldheim; Oppedal, Brit (BioMed Central, 2011-04-26)
    Background: An exclusive focus on individual or family coping strategies may be inadequate for people whose major point of concern may be collective healing on a more communal level. Methods: To our knowledge, the current ...
    Peer reviewedJournal article
  • Cross-National Measurement Invariance of the Teacher and Classmate Support Scale 

    Torsheim, Torbjørn; Samdal, Oddrun; Rasmussen, Mette; Freeman, John; Griebler, Robert; Dür, Wolfgang (Springer, 2010)
    The cross-national measurement invariance of the teacher and classmate support scale was assessed in a study of 23202 Grade 8 and 10 students from Austria, Canada, England, Lithuania, Norway, Poland, and Slovenia, participating ...
    Peer reviewedJournal article
  • Delayed sleep phase syndrome in adolescents: prevalence and correlates in a large population based study 

    Sivertsen, Børge; Pallesen, Ståle; Stormark, Kjell Morten; Bøe, Tormod; Lundervold, Astri Johansen; Hysing, Mari (BioMed Central, 2013-12-11)
    Background: The aims of this study were to estimate the prevalence of Delayed Sleep Phase Syndrome (DSPS) in adolescence, and to examine the association to insomnia and school non-attendance. Methods: Data stem from a ...
    Journal article
  • Different but similar: Social comparison of travel motives among tourists 

    Doran, Rouven; Larsen, Svein; Wolff, Katharina (Wiley, 2014-09-08)
    Although previous research suggests that people prefer to think of themselves as being authentic (or individualistic) travellers rather than stereotyped tourists, there have been few studies investigating the external ...
    Journal article
  • Expectations and illness perceptions as predictors of benefit recipiency among workers with common mental disorders: secondary analysis from a randomised controlled trial 

    Løvvik, Camilla; Shaw, William; Øverland, Simon Nygaard; Reme, Silje Endresen (BMJ, 2014-03-03)
    Objective Common mental disorders (CMDs) are among the leading causes of sick leave, and more knowledge on factors related to work participation and return-to-work (RTW) in CMDs is needed. The aim of this study was to ...
    Journal article
  • Exploring work-related causal attributions of common mental disorders 

    Olsen, Ingrid Blø; Øverland, Simon Nygaard; Reme, Silje Endresen; Løvvik, Camilla (Springer US, 2014-12-03)
    Purpose Common mental disorders (CMDs) are major causes of sickness absence and disability. Prevention requires knowledge of how individuals perceive causal mechanisms, and in this study we sought to examine work-related ...
    Journal article
  • How contrast situations affect the assignment of causality in symmetric physical settings 

    Beller, Sieghard; Bender, Andrea (Frontiers, 2015-01-08)
    In determining the prime cause of a physical event, people often weight one of two entities in a symmetric physical relation as more important for bringing about the causal effect than the other. In a broad survey (Bender ...
    Journal article
  • Leadership, staffing and quality of care in nursing homes 

    Havig, Anders Kvale; Skogstad, Anders; Kjekshus, Lars Erik; Romøren, Tor Inge (BioMed Central, 2011-11-28)
    Background: Leadership and staffing are recognised as important factors for quality of care. This study examines the effects of ward leaders’ task- and relationship-oriented leadership styles, staffing levels, ratio of ...
    Journal article
  • Loneliness, social integration and consumption of sugar-containing beverages: Testing the social baseline theory 

    Henriksen, Roger Ekeberg; Torsheim, Torbjørn; Thuen, Frode (Public Library of Science, 2014-08-08)
    Objective: Social Baseline Theory (SBT) proposes that close relationships aid in metabolic resource management and that individuals without significant relationships may experience more demands on their own neural metabolic ...
    Journal article
  • Measuring Military Identity: Scale developoment and psychometric evaluations 

    Johansen, Rino Bandlitz; Laberg, Jon Christian; Martinussen, Monica (Society for Personality Research, 2013)
    Our purpose was to perform a psychometric evaluation of a new 33-item questionnaire developed in Norway. To evaluate it we assessed its internal consistency, performed an exploratory factor analysis, and investigated ...
    Journal article
  • Midlife insomnia and subsequent mortality: the Hordaland health study 

    Sivertsen, Børge; Pallesen, Ståle; Glozier, Nick; Bjorvatn, Bjørn; Salo, Paula; Tell, Grethe Seppola; Ursin, Reidun; Øverland, Simon (BioMed Central, 2014-07-15)
    Background: Previous research suggests a possible link between insomnia and mortality, but findings are mixed and well-controlled studies are lacking. The aim of the current study was to examine the effect of insomnia in ...
    Journal article
  • National Income and Income Inequality, Family Affluence and Life Satisfaction Among 13 year Old Boys and Girls: A Multilevel Study in 35 Countries 

    Levin, Kate Ann; Torsheim, Torbjørn; Vollebergh, Wilma; Richter, Matthias; Davies, Carolyn A.; Schnohr, Christina W.; Due, Pernille; Currie, Candace (Springer, 2010)
    Adolescence is a critical period where many patterns of health and health behaviour are formed. The objective of this study was to investigate cross-national variation in the relationship between family affluence and ...
    Peer reviewedJournal article
  • A Nationwide Study of Norwegian Beliefs About Same-sex Marriage and Lesbian and Gay Parenthood 

    Hollekim, Ragnhild; Slaatten, Hilde; Anderssen, Norman (Springer, 2011-04-21)
    In Norway, a gender-neutral Marriage Law that secured equal marriage and parenting rights for lesbian, gay and heterosexual couples took effect in January 2009. The aim of the current study was to explore Norwegian ...
    Peer reviewedJournal article