Now showing items 21-40 of 13870

    • Perioperative hemodynamics and risk for delirium and new onset dementia in hip fracture patients; A prospective follow-up study 

      Neerland, Bjørn Erik; Krogseth, Maria; Juliebø, Vibeke; Ranhoff, Anette Hylen; Engedal, Knut; Frihagen, Frede Jon; Ræder, Johan; Wyller, Torgeir Bruun; Watne, Leiv Otto (PLOS, 2017-07-10)
      Background Delirium is common in hip fracture patients and many risk factors have been identified. Controversy exists regarding the possible impact of intraoperative control of blood pressure upon acute (delirium) and long ...
      Journal article
    • Serum concentrations of active tamoxifen metabolites predict long-term survival in adjuvantly treated breast cancer patients 

      Helland, Thomas; Henne, Nina; Bifulco, Ersilia; Naume, Bjørn; Borgen, Elin; Kristensen, Vessela N.; Kvaløy, Jan Terje; Lash, Timothy L; Grenaker, Grethe Irene; van Schaik, RHN; Janssen, Emiel; Hustad, Simon Steinar; Lien, Ernst Asbjørn; Mellgren, Gunnar; Søiland, Håvard (BioMed Central, 2017-11-28)
      Background: Controversies exist as to whether the genetic polymorphisms of the enzymes responsible for the metabolism of tamoxifen can predict breast cancer outcome in patients using adjuvant tamoxifen. Direct measurement ...
      Journal article
    • Implication of the APP gene in intellectual abilities 

      Myrum, Craig; Nikolaienko, Oleksii; Bramham, Clive R.; Haavik, Jan; Zayats, Tetyana (IOS Press, 2017)
      Background: Cognitive functions are highly heritable and polygenic, though the source of this genetic influence is unclear. On the neurobiological level, these functions rely on effective neuroplasticity, in which the ...
      Journal article
    • Polygenic overlap between C-reactive protein, plasma lipids, and Alzheimer disease 

      Desikan, Rahul S.; Schork, Andrew J.; Wang, Yunpeng; Thompson, Wesley K.; Dehghan, Abbas; Ridker, Paul M.; Chasman, Daniel I.; McEvoy, Linda K.; Holland, Dominic; Chen, Chi-Hua; Karow, David S.; Brewer, James B.; Hess, Christopher P.; Williams, Julie; Sims, Rebecca; O'Donovan, Michael C.; Choi, Seung Hoan; Bis, Joshua C.; Ikram, M. Arfan; Gudnason, Vilmundur; DeStefano, Anita L.; Van Der Lee, Sven J.; Psaty, Bruce M.; Van Duijn, Cornelia M.; Launer, Lenore; Seshadri, Sudha; Pericak-Vance, Margaret A.; Mayeux, Richard; Haines, Jonathan L.; Farrer, Lindsay A.; Hardy, John; Ulstein, Ingun; Aarsland, Dag; Fladby, Tormod; White, Linda; Sando, Sigrid Botne; Rongve, Arvid; Witoelar, Aree; Djurovic, Srdjan; Hyman, Bradley T.; Snædal, Jon; Steinberg, Stacy; Stefansson, Hreinn; Stefánsson, Kári; Schellenberg, Gerard D.; Andreassen, Ole Andreas; Dale, Anders (American Heart Association, Inc., 2015-06)
      Background—Epidemiological findings suggest a relationship between Alzheimer disease (AD), inflammation, and dyslipidemia, although the nature of this relationship is not well understood. We investigated whether this ...
      Journal article
    • A climatic trigger for the giant Troll pockmark field in the northern North Sea 

      Mazzini, Adriano; Svensen, Henrik; Forsberg, Carl Fredrik; Linge, Henriette; Lauritzen, Stein-Erik; Haflidason, Haflidi; Hammer, Øyvind; Planke, Sverre; Tjelta, Tor-Inge (Elsevier, 2017-04)
      Pockmarks are seafloor craters usually formed during methane release on continental margins. However, the mechanisms behind their formation and dynamics remain elusive. Here we report detailed investigations on one of the ...
      Journal article
    • Do ampharetids take sedimented steps between vents and seeps? Phylogeny and habitat-use of Ampharetidae (Annelida, Terebelliformia) in chemosynthesis-based ecosystems 

      Eilertsen, Mari Heggernes; Kongsrud, Jon Anders; Alvestad, Tom; Stiller, Josefin; Rouse, Greg W; Rapp, Hans Tore (BioMed Central, 2017-10-31)
      Background: A range of higher animal taxa are shared across various chemosynthesis-based ecosystems (CBEs), which demonstrates the evolutionary link between these habitats, but on a global scale the number of species ...
      Journal article
    • Health in the aftermath of a malodorous chemical explosion: Subjective health complaints and post-traumatic stress symptoms among workers 

      Tjalvin, Gro (The University of Bergen, 2018-02-02)
      Background: A chemical explosion in an oil tank took place in an industrial harbour area in Norway, in May 2007. Nobody was killed in the accident, but a malodorous environmental pollution was emitted, and spread in the ...
      Doctoral thesis
    • Health complaints after a malodorous chemical explosion: a longitudinal study 

      Tjalvin, Gro; Lygre, Stein Håkon Låstad; Hollund, Bjørg Eli; Moen, Bente Elisabeth; Bråtveit, Magne (Oxford University Press, 2015)
      Background: Physical and psychological symptoms are prevalent in populations recently affected by industrial accidents. Follow-up studies of human health effects are scarce, and as most of them focus on residents, little ...
      Journal article
    • Odour as a determinant of persistent symptoms after a chemical explosion, a longitudinal study 

      Tjalvin, Gro; Magerøy, Nils; Bråtveit, Magne; Lygre, Stein Håkon Låstad; Hollund, Bjørg Eli; Moen, Bente Elisabeth (National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health, 2017)
      Foul-smelling environmental pollution was a major concern following a chemical workplace explosion. Malodorous pollution has previously been associated with aggravated physical and psychological health, and in persons ...
      Journal article
    • Cerebral magnetic resonance imaging in children with prenatal drug exposure. Structural and functional aspects of the opioid-exposed brain 

      Sirnes, Eivind (The University of Bergen, 2018-02-02)
      Background: Over the last few decades brain imaging studies have made important contributions to our understanding of how prenatal drug exposure can impact normal brain development. The teratogenic potential of alcohol has ...
      Doctoral thesis
    • Global, regional, and national comparative risk assessment of 84 behavioural, environmental and occupational, and metabolic risks or clusters of risks, 1990-2016: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2016 

      Gakidou, Emmanuela; Afshin, Ashkan; Abajobir, Amanuel Alemu; Abate, Kalkidan Hassen; Abbafati, Cristiana; Abbas, Kaja M.; Abd-Allah, Foad; Abdulle, Abdishakur M.; Abera, Semaw Ferede; Aboyans, Victor; Abu-Raddad, Laith J.; Abu-Rmeileh, Niveen M. E.; Abyu, Gebre Yitayih; Adedeji, Isaac Akinkunmi; Adetokunboh, Olatunji; Afarideh, Mohsen; Agrawal, Anurag; Agrawal, Sutapa; Kiadaliri, Aliasghar Ahmad; Ahmadieh, Hamid; Ahmed, Muktar Beshir; Aichour, Amani Nidhal; Aichour, Ibtihel; Aichour, Miloud Taki Eddine; Akinyemi, Rufus Olusola; Akseer, Nadia; Alahdab, Fares; Al-Aly, Ziyad; Alam, Khurshid; Alam, Noore; Alam, Tahiya; Alasfoor, Deena; Alene, Kefyalew Addis; Ali, Komal; Alizadeh-Navaei, Reza; Alkerwi, Ala'a; Alla, Francois; Allebeck, Peter; Al-Raddadi, Rajaa; Alsharif, Ubai; Altirkawi, Khalid A.; Alvis-Guzman, Nelson; Amare, Azmeraw T.; Amini, Erfan; Ammar, Walid; Amoako, Yaw Ampem; Ansari, Hossein; Anto, Josep M.; Antonio, Carl Abelardo T.; Anwari, Palwasha; Arian, Nicholas; Arnlov, Johan; Artaman, A.; Aryal, Krishna Kumar; Kisa, Adnan; Knudsen, Ann Kristin; Vollset, Stein Emil; Norheim, Ole Frithjof; Tollånes, Mette Christophersen; Weiderpass, Elisabete (Elsevier, 2017-09)
      METHODS: We used the comparative risk assessment framework developed for previous iterations of GBD to estimate levels and trends in exposure, attributable deaths, and attributable disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs), ...
      Journal article
    • Our genes, our selves: hereditary breast cancer and biological citizenship in Norway 

      Solbrække, Kari Nyheim; Søiland, Håvard; Lode, Kirsten; Gripsrud, Birgitta Haga (Springer, 2017-03)
      In this paper we explore the rise of ‘the breast cancer gene’ as a field of medical, cultural and personal knowledge. We address its significance in the Norwegian public health care system in relation to so-called biological ...
      Journal article
    • Tackling Child Poverty in Latin America: Rights and Social Protection in Unequal Societies 

      Minujín, Alberto; Contró, Mónica González; Mercer, Raúl; Osorio, Ana María; Aguado, Luis Fernando; Catalán, Héctor Nájera; Cavagnoud, Robin; Paz, Jorge; Bustillo, Camilo Pérez; Fernández, Yedith Guillén; Vásquez, Jorge I.; Tuñón, Ianina; Salvia, Agustín; Herrera, Cristian; Vives, Alejandra; Carvallo, Camila; Molina, Helia; de Suremain, Charles-Édouard; Báez, Juan Antonio Vega; Torrado, Ma. Cristina; Durán, Ernesto; Casanova, Tatiana; Antequera, Nelson (ibidem-Verlag, Stuttgart, 2017-03-08)
      This book highlights current debates about concepts, methods, and policies related to poverty in Latin America. It focuses on child and adolescent well-being and the issue of inclusive societies. Its goal is to promote new ...
    • Global, regional, and national disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs) for 333 diseases and injuries and healthy life expectancy (HALE) for 195 countries and territories, 1990–2016: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2016 

      Hay, Simon I.; Abajobir, Amanuel Alemu; Abate, Kalkidan Hassen; Abbafati, Cristiana; Abbas, Kaja M.; Abd-Allah, Foad; Abdulle, Abdishakur M.; Abebo, Teshome Abuka; Abera, Semaw Ferede; Aboyans, Victor; Abu-Raddad, Laith J.; Ackerman, Ilana N.; Aryal, Krishna Kumar; Hailu, Alemayehu; Htet, Aung Soe; Knudsen, Ann Kristin; Kisa, Adnan; Norheim, Ole Frithjof; Skirbekk, Vegard Fykse; Vollset, Stein Emil; Weiderpass, Elisabete (Elsevier, 2017-09)
      METHODS: We used results from the Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study 2016 for all-cause mortality, cause-specific mortality, and non-fatal disease burden to derive HALE and DALYs by sex for 195 ...
      Journal article
    • GPS scintillations associated with cusp dynamics and polar cap patches 

      Jin, Yaqi; Moen, Jøran Idar; Oksavik, Kjellmar; Spicher, Andres; Clausen, Lasse Boy Novock; Miloch, Wojciech Jacek (EDP Sciences, 2017)
      This paper investigates the relative scintillation level associated with cusp dynamics (including precipitation, flow shears, etc.) with and without the formation of polar cap patches around the cusp inflow region by the ...
      Journal article
    • Dynamic properties of throat aurora revealed by simultaneous ground and satellite observations 

      Chen, Xiangcai; Han, Desheng; Lorentzen, Dag Arne; Oksavik, Kjellmar; Moen, Jøran Idar; Baddeley, Lisa (American Geophysical Union, 2017-03)
      Throat aurora is defined as south-north aligned auroral arcs equatorward of the dayside cusp aurora and was suggested to be the results of cold magnetospheric plasma interaction with magnetopause reconnection, but its ...
      Journal article
    • GSK3α and GSK3β Phosphorylate Arc and Regulate its Degradation 

      Gozdz, Agata; Nikolaienko, Oleksii; Urbanska, Malgorzata; Cymerman, Iwona; Sitkiewicz, Ewa; Blazejczyk, Magdalena; Dadlez, Michal; Bramham, Clive R.; Jaworski, Jacek (Frontiers, 2017-06-16)
      The selective and neuronal activity-dependent degradation of synaptic proteins appears to be crucial for long-term synaptic plasticity. One such protein is activity-regulated cytoskeleton-associated protein (Arc), which ...
      Journal article
    • When do past events require explanation? Insights from social psychology 

      Bruckmüller, Susanne; Hegarty, Peter; Teigen, Karl Halvor; Böhm, Gisela; Luminet, Olivier (Sage, 2017)
      Some past events incite more wonder about their causes than do others. For example, negative events require explanation more than positive events. We review social psychologists’ theoretical and empirical insights on what ...
      Journal article
    • Genetic differentiation and plasticity interact along temperature and precipitation gradients to determine plant performance under climate change 

      Münzbergová, Zuzana; Hadincová, Věroslava; Skálová, Hana; Vandvik, Vigdis (Wiley, 2017-09)
      1. Understanding species' abilities to cope with changing climate is a key prerequisite for predicting the future fates of species and ecosystems. Despite considerable research on species responses to changing climate, ...
      Journal article
    • Simultaneous observations of traveling convection vortices: Ionosphere-thermosphere coupling 

      Kim, Hyomin; Lessard, Marc R.; Jones, Sarah L.; Lynch, Kristina A.; Fernandes, Philip A.; Aruliah, Anasuya L.; Engebretson, Mark J.; Moen, Jøran Idar; Oksavik, Kjellmar; Yahnin, Alexander G.; Yeoman, Timothy K. (American Geophysical Union, 2017-05)
      We present simultaneous observations of magnetosphere-ionosphere-thermosphere coupling over Svalbard during a traveling convection vortex (TCV) event. Various spaceborne and ground-based instruments made coordinated ...
      Journal article