• Annual carbon fluxes in the upper Greenland Sea based on measurements and a box-model approach 

      Anderson, Leif G.; Drange, Helge; Chierici, M.; Fransson, A.; Johannessen, Truls; Skjelvan, Ingunn; Rey, Francisco (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2000-07)
      Measurements of nitrate and the carbonate system parameters performed mainly from 1993 to 1997 have been used to estimate the evolution of the concentration fields over the year in the surface and underlying waters of the ...
    • Anthropogenic increase of oceanic pCO2 in the Barents Sea surface water 

      Omar, Abdirahman M.; Johannessen, Truls; Kaltin, Staffan; Olsen, Are (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2003-12-26)
      We evaluate the change of surface water CO2 partial pressure ( pCO2 sw) in the Barents Sea (BS) between 1967 and 2000–2001. We use temperature (T) data collected during a survey in the BS in 1967 and a relationship between ...
    • Assessing Model Uncertainties Through Proper Experimental Design 

      Hvidevold, Hilde Kristine; Alendal, Guttorm; Johannessen, Truls; Mannseth, Trond (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2013)
      This paper assesses how parameter uncertainties in the model for rise velocity of CO2 droplets in the ocean cause uncertainties in their rise and dissolution in marine waters. The parameter uncertainties in the rise velocity ...
    • Constraining the oceanic uptake and fluxes of greenhouse gases by building an ocean network of certified stations: The ocean component of the Integrated Carbon Observation System, ICOS-Oceans 

      Steinhoff, Tobias; Gkritzalis, Thanos; Lauvset, Siv Kari; Jones, Stephen Daniel; Schuster, Ute; Olsen, Are; Becker, Meike; Bozzano, Roberto; Brunetti, Fabio; Cantoni, Carolina; Cardin, Vanessa; Diverrès, Denis; Fiedler, Björn; Fransson, Agneta; Giani, Michele; Hartman, Sue; Hoppema, Mario; Jeansson, Emil; Johannessen, Truls; Kitidis, Vassilis; Körtzinger, Arne; Landa, Camilla Stegen; Lefèvre, Nathalie; Luchetta, Anna; Naudts, Lieven; Nightingale, Philip D.; Omar, Abdirahman; Pensieri, Sara; Pfeil, Benjamin; Castano Primo, Rocio; Rehder, Gregor; Rutgersson, Anna; Sanders, Richard; Schewe, Ingo; Siena, Giuseppe; Skjelvan, Ingunn; Soltwedel, Thomas; van Heuven, Steven; Watson, Andrew (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019)
      The European Research Infrastructure Consortium “Integrated Carbon Observation System” (ICOS) aims at delivering high quality greenhouse gas (GHG) observations and derived data products (e.g., regional GHG-flux maps) for ...
    • Deep ocean experiments with fossil fuel carbon dioxide: creation and sensing of a controlled plume at 4 km depth 

      Brewer, Peter G.; Peltzer, Edward T.; Walz, Peter; Aya, Izuo; Yamane, Kenji; Kojima, Ryuji; Nakajima, Yasuharu; Nakayama, Noriko; Haugan, Peter Mosby; Johannessen, Truls (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2005-01)
      The rapidly rising levels of atmospheric and oceanic CO2 from the burning of fossil fuels has lead to well-established international concerns over dangerous anthropogenic interference with climate. Disposal of captured ...
    • The effect of wind speed products and wind speed-gas exchange relationships on interannual variability of the air-sea CO2 gas transfer velocity 

      Olsen, Are; Wanninkhof, Rik; Triñanes, Joaquin; Johannessen, Truls (Journal article, 2005)
      The lack of a firm relationship between wind speed (U10) and gas transfer velocity (k) is considered to be one of the factors that hinders accurate quantification of interannual variations of ocean–atmosphere CO2 fluxes. ...
    • Global carbon budget 2014 

      Le Quéré, Corinne; Moriarty, Roisin; Andrew, Robbie; Peters, Glen Philip; Ciais, Philippe; Friedlingstein, Pierre; Jones, Samantha D.; Sitch, Stephen; Tans, Pieter; Arneth, Almut; Boden, Thomas A.; Bopp, Laurent; Bozec, Yann; Canadell, Josep G.; Chini, Louise P.; Chevallier, Frédéric; Cosca, Cathrine E.; Harris, Ian C.; Hoppema, Mario; Houghton, Richard A.; House, Joanna I.; Jain, Atul K.; Johannessen, Truls; Kato, Etsushi; Keeling, Ralph F.; Kitidis, Vassilis; Klein Goldewijk, Kees; Koven, Charles D.; Landa, Camilla Stegen; Landschützer, Peter; Lenton, Andrew; Lima, Ivan D.; Marland, Gregg; Mathis, Jeremy T.; Metzl, Nicolas; Nojiri, Yukihiro; Olsen, Are; Ono, Tsuneo; Peng, Shushi; Peters, Wouter; Pfeil, Benjamin; Poulter, Benjamin; Raupach, Michael R.; Regnier, Pierre; Rödenbeck, Christian; Saito, Shu; Salisbury, Joseph E.; Schuster, Ute; Schwinger, Jörg; Séférian, Roland; Segschneider, Joachim; Steinhoff, Tobias; Stocker, Benjamin D.; Sutton, Adrienne J.; Takahashi, Taro; Tilbrook, Bronte; van der Werf, Guido R.; Viovy, Nicolas; Wang, Yingping; Wanninkhof, Rik; Wiltshire, Andrew J.; Zeng, Ning (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2015-05-08)
      Accurate assessment of anthropogenic carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions and their redistribution among the atmosphere, ocean, and terrestrial biosphere is important to better understand the global carbon cycle, support the ...
    • Interannual variability in the wintertime air–sea flux of carbon dioxide in the northern North Atlantic, 1981–2001 

      Olsen, Are; Bellerby, Richard G. J.; Johannessen, Truls; Omar, Abdirahman M.; Skjelvan, Ingunn (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2003)
      Gridded fields of sea surface temperature (SST), sea level pressure (SLP), and wind speed were used in combination with data for the atmospheric mole fraction of CO2 and an empirical relationship between measured values ...
    • Intermediate water from the Greenland Sea in the Faroe Bank Channel : spreading of released sulphur hexafluoride 

      Olsson, K. Anders; Jeansson, Emil; Anderson, Leif G.; Hansen, Bogi; Eldevik, Tor; Kristiansen, Regin; Messias, Marie-José; Johannessen, Truls; Watson, Andrew J. (Journal article, 2005-02)
      The Faroe Bank Channel is the deepest passage for dense water leaving the Nordic Seas into the North Atlantic. The contribution to this part of the Greenland-Scotland Overflow by intermediate water from the Greenland Sea ...
    • Layout of CCS monitoring infrastructure with highest probability of detecting a footprint of a CO2 leak in a varying marine environment 

      Hvidevold, Hilde Kristine; Alendal, Guttorm; Johannessen, Truls; Ali, Alfatih Omer Mohammed Ahmed; Mannseth, Trond; Avlesen, Helge (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2015-04-04)
      Monitoring of the marine environment for indications of a leak, or precursors of a leak, will be an intrinsic part of any subsea CO2 storage projects. A real challenge will be quantification of the probability of a given ...
    • Magnitude and Origin of the Anthropogenic CO2 Increase and the 13C Suess Effect in the Nordic Seas since 1981 

      Olsen, Are; Abdirahman, Omar M.; Bellerby, Richard G. J.; Johannessen, Truls; Ninnemann, Ulysses Silas; Brown, Kelly R.; Olsson, K. Anders; Olafsson, Jon; Nondal, Gisle; Kivimäe, Caroline; Kringstad, Solveig; Neill, Craig; Olafsdottir, Solveig (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2006-09-29)
      This study evaluates the anthropogenic changes of CO2 (∆Cant) and δ13C (∆δ13Cant) in the Nordic seas, the northern limb of the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation, that took place between 1981 and 2002/03. The ...
    • A multi-decade record of high-quality fCO2 data in version 3 of the Surface Ocean CO2 Atlas (SOCAT) 

      Bakker, Dorothee C.E.; Pfeil, Benjamin; Landa, Camilla Stegen; Metzl, Nicolas; O'Brien, Kevin M.; Olsen, Are; Smith, Karl; Cosca, Cathy; Harasawa, Sumiko; Jones, Stephen Daniel; Nakaoka, Shin-Ichiro; Nojiri, Yukihiro; Schuster, Ute; Steinhoff, Tobias; Sweeney, Colm; Takahashi, Taro; Tilbrook, Bronte; Wada, Chisato; Wanninkhof, Rik; Alin, Simone R.; Balestrini, Carlos F.; Barbero, Leticia; Bates, Nicholas R.; Bianchi, Alejandro A.; Bonou, Frédéric; Boutin, Jacqueline; Bozec, Yann; Burger, Eugene F.; Cai, Wei-Jun; Castle, Robert D.; Chen, Liqi; Chierici, Melissa; Currie, Kim; Evans, Wiley; Featherstone, Charles; Feely, Richard A.; Fransson, Agneta Ingrid; Goyet, Catherine; Greenwood, Naomi; Gregor, Luke; Hankin, Steven; Hardman-Mountford, Nick J.; Harlay, Jérôme; Hauck, Judith; Hoppema, Mario; Humphreys, Matthew P.; Hunt, Christopher W.; Huss, Betty; Ibanhez, J. Severino P.; Johannessen, Truls; Keeling, Ralph; Kitidis, Vassilis; Körtzinger, Arne; Kozyr, Alex; Krasakopoulou, Evangelia; Kuwata, Akira; Landschützer, Peter; Lauvset, Siv Kari; Lefevre, Nathalie; Lo Monaco, Claire; Manke, Ansley; Mathis, Jeremy T.; Merlivat, Liliane; Millero, Frank J.; Monteiro, Pedro M.S.; Munro, David R.; Murata, Akihiko; Newberger, Timothy; Omar, Abdirahman; Ono, Tsuneo; Paterson, Kristina; Pearce, David A.; Pierrot, Denis; Robbins, Lisa L.; Saito, Shu; Salisbury, Joe; Schlitzer, Reiner; Schneider, Bernd; Schweitzer, Roland; Sieger, Rainer; Skjelvan, Ingunn; Sullivan, Kevin F.; Sutherland, Stewart C.; Sutton, Adrienne J.; Tadokoro, Kazuaki; Telszewski, Maciej; Tuma, Matthias; Van Heuven, Steven M.A.C.; Vandemark, Doug; Ward, Brian; Watson, Andrew J.; Xu, Suqing (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2016-09-15)
      The Surface Ocean CO2 Atlas (SOCAT) is a synthesis of quality-controlled fCO2 (fugacity of carbon dioxide) values for the global surface oceans and coastal seas with regular updates. Version 3 of SOCAT has 14.7 million ...
    • Ocean abyssal carbon experiments at 0.7 and 4 km depth 

      Haugan, Peter Mosby; Brewer, Peter G.; Peltzer, Edward T.; Walz, Peter; Aya, Izuo; Yamane, Kenji; Kojima, Ryuji; Nakajima, Yasuharu; Nakayama, Noriko; Hove, Joakim; Johannessen, Truls; Bellerby, Richard G. J.; Alendal, Guttorm (Journal article, 2005)
      Observations from small-scale (20 to 90 litres) CO2 experiments conducted off the coast of California at 684 m depth and at 3942 m depth are discussed. In both experiments, when the seawater velocity was sufficiently strong, ...
    • On the nature of the factors that control spring bloom development at the entrance to the Barents Sea and their interannual variability 

      Olsen, Are; Johannessen, Truls; Rey, Francisco (Journal article, 2003-12)
      Analysis of data obtained by the Institute of Marine Research, Norway, at their regular surveys of the Fugløya-Bjørnøya section, between the northern tip of Norway and Bear Island, has allowed for an identification of the ...
    • PVTx Properties of a Two-phase CO2 Jet from Ruptured Pipeline 

      Botnen, Helle Augdal; Omar, Abdirahman; Aavatsmark, Ivar; Alendal, Guttorm; Johannessen, Truls (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2013)
      Span and Wagner equation of state (SW EOS) have been used to investigate changes in the thermodynamic properties of CO2 during a depressurization process from a pipeline into marine environment. The process is assumed to ...
    • Sensitivity of remote sensing – derived phytoplankton productivity to mixed layer depth: Lessons from the carbon-based productivity model 

      Milutinović, Svetlana; Behrenfeld, Michael J.; Johannessen, Johnny A.; Johannessen, Truls (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2009-10-01)
      Mixed layer depth (MLD) has long been recognized as having an important influence on underwater light budget and, thus, net primary productivity (NPP) of phytoplankton. The depth- and wavelength-integrated carbon-based ...
    • SUCCESS: SUbsurface CO2 storage–Critical elements and superior strategy 

      Aker, Eyvind; Bjørnarå, Tore Ingvald; Braathen, Alvar; Brandvoll, Øyvind; Dahle, Helge K.; Nordbotten, Jan Martin; Aagaard, Per; Hellevang, Helge; Alemu, Binyam Lema; Pham, Van Thi Hai; Johansen, Harald; Wangen, Magnus; Nøttvedt, Arvid; Aavatsmark, Ivar; Johannessen, Truls; Durand, Dominique (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2011)
      SUCCESS is a Center for Environmental Energy Research in Norway and performs research related to geological storage of CO2 in the subsurface. The SUCCESS centre is established by the Research Council of Norway together ...
    • Surface Ocean CO2 Atlas (SOCAT) gridded data products 

      Sabine, C. L.; Hankin, S.; Koyuk, H.; Bakker, D. C. E.; Pfeil, Benjamin; Olsen, Are; Metzl, N.; Kozyr, A.; Fassbender, A.; Manke, A.; Malczyk, J.; Akl, J.; Alin, S. R.; Bellerby, Richard; Borges, A.; Boutin, J.; Brown, P. J.; Cai, W.-J.; Chavez, F. P.; Chen, A.; Cosca, C.; Feely, R. A.; González-Dávila, M.; Goyet, C.; Hardman-Mountford, N.; Heinze, Christoph; Hoppema, M.; Hunt, C. W.; Hydes, D.; Ishii, M.; Johannessen, Truls; Key, R.M.; Körtzinger, A.; Landschützer, P.; Lauvset, Siv Kari; Lefévre, N.; Lenton, A.; Lourantou, A.; Merlivat, L.; Midorikawa, T.; Mintrop, L.; Miyazaki, C.; Murata, A.; Nakadate, A.; Nakano, Y.; Nakaoka, S.; Nojiri, Y.; Omar, Abdirahman; Padin, X. A.; Park, G.-H.; Paterson, K.; Perez, F. F.; Pierrot, D.; Poisson, A.; Rios, A.F.; Salisbury, J.; Santana-Casiano, J. M:; Sarma, V. V. S. S.; Schlitzer, R.; Schneider, B.; Schutser, U.; Sieger, R.; Skjelvan, Ingunn; Steinhoff, T.; Suzuki, T.; Takahashi, T.; Tedesco, K.; Telszewski, M.; Thomas, H.; Tilbrook, B.; Vandemark, D.; Veness, T.; Watson, A. J.; Weiss, R.; Wong, C.S.; Yoshikawa-Inoue, H. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2013-04-04)
      As a response to public demand for a well-documented, quality controlled, publically available, global surface ocean carbon dioxide (CO2) data set, the international marine carbon science community developed the Surface ...
    • Survey strategies to quantify and optimize detecting probability of a CO2 seep in a varying marine environment 

      Hvidevold, Hilde Kristine; Alendal, Guttorm; Johannessen, Truls; Ali, Alfatih Omer Mohammed Ahmed (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2016-09)
      Designing a marine monitoring program that detects CO2 leaks from subsea geological storage projects is challenging. The high variability of the environment may camouflage the anticipated anisotropic signal from a leak and ...
    • Toward a Comprehensive and Integrated Strategy of the European Marine Research Infrastructures for Ocean Observations 

      Dañobeitia, Juan José; Pouliquen, Sylvie; Johannessen, Truls; Basset, Alberto; Cannat, Mathilde; Pfeil, Benjamin Gerrit; Fredella, Maria Incoronata; Materia, Paola; Gourcuff, Claire; Magnifico, Giuseppe; Delory, Eric; del Rio Fernandez, Joaquin; Rodero, Ivan; Beranzoli, Laura; Nardello, Ilaria; Iudicone, Daniele; Carval, Thierry; Gonzalez Aranda, Juan M.; Petihakis, George; Blandin, Jerome; Kutsch, Werner Leo; Rintala, Janne-Markus; Gates, Andrew R.; Favali, Paolo (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Research Infrastructures (RIs) are large-scale facilities encompassing instruments, resources, data and services used by the scientific community to conduct high-level research in their respective fields. The development ...