• Global, regional, and national comparative risk assessment of 84 behavioural, environmental and occupational, and metabolic risks or clusters of risks, 1990-2016: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2016 

      Gakidou, Emmanuela; Afshin, Ashkan; Abajobir, Amanuel Alemu; Abate, Kalkidan Hassen; Abbafati, Cristiana; Abbas, Kaja M.; Abd-Allah, Foad; Abdulle, Abdishakur M.; Abera, Semaw Ferede; Aboyans, Victor; Abu-Raddad, Laith J.; Abu-Rmeileh, Niveen M. E.; Abyu, Gebre Yitayih; Adedeji, Isaac Akinkunmi; Adetokunboh, Olatunji; Afarideh, Mohsen; Agrawal, Anurag; Agrawal, Sutapa; Kiadaliri, Aliasghar Ahmad; Ahmadieh, Hamid; Ahmed, Muktar Beshir; Aichour, Amani Nidhal; Aichour, Ibtihel; Aichour, Miloud Taki Eddine; Akinyemi, Rufus Olusola; Akseer, Nadia; Alahdab, Fares; Al-Aly, Ziyad; Alam, Khurshid; Alam, Noore; Alam, Tahiya; Alasfoor, Deena; Alene, Kefyalew Addis; Ali, Komal; Alizadeh-Navaei, Reza; Alkerwi, Ala'a; Alla, Francois; Allebeck, Peter; Al-Raddadi, Rajaa; Alsharif, Ubai; Altirkawi, Khalid A.; Alvis-Guzman, Nelson; Amare, Azmeraw T.; Amini, Erfan; Ammar, Walid; Amoako, Yaw Ampem; Ansari, Hossein; Anto, Josep M.; Antonio, Carl Abelardo T.; Anwari, Palwasha; Arian, Nicholas; Arnlov, Johan; Artaman, A.; Aryal, Krishna Kumar; Kisa, Adnan; Knudsen, Ann Kristin; Vollset, Stein Emil; Norheim, Ole Frithjof; Tollånes, Mette Christophersen; Weiderpass, Elisabete (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2017-09)
      METHODS: We used the comparative risk assessment framework developed for previous iterations of GBD to estimate levels and trends in exposure, attributable deaths, and attributable disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs), ...
    • Global, regional, and national disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs) for 315 diseases and injuries and healthy life expectancy (HALE), 1990-2015: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2015 

      Kassebaum, Nicholas J.; Arora, Megha; Barber, Ryan M.; Bjertness, Espen; Hailu, Alemayehu; Knudsen, Ann Kristin; Norheim, Ole Frithjof; Skogen, Jens Christoffer; Savic, Miloje; Skirbekk, Vegard; Steiner, Timothy J.; Stovner, Lars Jacob; Søreide, Kjetil; Vollset, Stein Emil; Weiderpass, Elisabete (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2016-10)
      Background: Healthy life expectancy (HALE) and disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs) provide summary measures of health across geographies and time that can inform assessments of epidemiological patterns and health system ...
    • Global, regional, and national disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs) for 333 diseases and injuries and healthy life expectancy (HALE) for 195 countries and territories, 1990–2016: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2016 

      Hay, Simon I.; Abajobir, Amanuel Alemu; Abate, Kalkidan Hassen; Abbafati, Cristiana; Abbas, Kaja M.; Abd-Allah, Foad; Abdulle, Abdishakur M.; Abebo, Teshome Abuka; Abera, Semaw Ferede; Aboyans, Victor; Abu-Raddad, Laith J.; Ackerman, Ilana N.; Aryal, Krishna Kumar; Hailu, Alemayehu; Htet, Aung Soe; Knudsen, Ann Kristin; Kisa, Adnan; Norheim, Ole Frithjof; Skirbekk, Vegard Fykse; Vollset, Stein Emil; Weiderpass, Elisabete (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2017-09)
      METHODS: We used results from the Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study 2016 for all-cause mortality, cause-specific mortality, and non-fatal disease burden to derive HALE and DALYs by sex for 195 ...
    • Global, regional, and national incidence, prevalence, and years lived with disability for 328 diseases and injuries for 195 countries, 1990–2016: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2016 

      Vos, Theo; Abajobir, Amanuel Alemu; Abbafati, Cristiana; Abbas, Kaja M.; Abate, Kalkidan Hassen; Abd-Allah, Foad; Abdulle, Abdishakur M.; Abebo, Teshome Abuka; Abera, Semaw Ferede; Aboyans, Victor; Abu-Raddad, Laith J.; Ackerman, Ilana N.; Adamu, Abdu Abdullahi; Adetokunboh, Olatunji; Afarideh, Mohsen; Afshin, Ashkan; Agarwal, Sanjay Kumar; Aggarwal, Rakesh; Agrawal, Anurag; Agrawal, Sutapa; Kiadaliri, Aliasghar Ahmad; Ahmadieh, Hamid; Ahmed, Muktar Beshir; Aichour, Amani Nidhal; Aichour, Ibtihel; Aichour, Miloud Taki Eddine; Aiyar, Sneha; Akinyemi, Rufus Olusola; Akseer, Nadia; Al Lami, Faris Hasan; Alahdab, Fares; Al-Aly, Ziyad; Alam, Khurshid; Alam, Noore; Alam, Tahiya; Alasfoor, Deena; Alene, Kefyalew Addis; Ali, Raghib; Alizadeh-Navaei, Reza; Alkerwi, Ala'a; Alla, Francois; Allebeck, Peter; Allen, Christine; Al-Maskari, Fatma; Al-Raddadi, Rajaa; Alsharif, Ubai; Alsowaidi, Shirina; Altirkawi, Khalid A.; Amare, Azmeraw T.; Amini, Erfan; Aryal, Krishna Kumar; Htet, Aung Soe; Kisa, Adnan; Knudsen, Ann Kristin; Tollånes, Mette Christophersen; Skirbekk, Vegard Fykse; Steiner, Timothy J.; Stovner, Lars Jacob; Vollset, Stein Emil; Weiderpass, Elisabete (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2017-09)
      Background: As mortality rates decline, life expectancy increases, and populations age, non-fatal outcomes of diseases and injuries are becoming a larger component of the global burden of disease. The Global Burden of ...
    • Global, regional, and national life expectancy, all-cause mortality, and cause-specific mortality for 249 causes of death, 1980-2015: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2015 

      Wang, Haidong; Naghavi, Mohsen; Allen, Christine; Vollset, Stein Emil; Knudsen, Ann Kristin; Hailu, Alemayehu; Norheim, Ole Frithjof; Bjertness, Espen; Htet, Aung Soe; Søreide, Kjetil; Weiderpass, Elisabete; White, Richard; Krog, Norun Hjertager (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2016-10)
      Background: Improving survival and extending the longevity of life for all populations requires timely, robust evidence on local mortality levels and trends. The Global Burden of Disease 2015 Study (GBD 2015) provides a ...
    • Global, regional, and national under-5 mortality, adult mortality, age-specific mortality, and life expectancy, 1970-2016: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2016 

      Wang, Haidong; Abajobir, Amanuel Alemu; Abate, Kalkidan Hassen; Abbafati, Cristiana; Abbas, Kaja M.; Abd-Allah, Foad; Abera, Semaw Ferede; Abraha, Haftom Niguse; Abu-Raddad, Laith J.; Abu-Rmeileh, Niveen M. E.; Adedeji, Isaac Akinkunmi; Adedoyin, Rufus Adesoji; Adetifa, Ifedayo Morayo O.; Adetokunboh, Olatunji; Afshin, Ashkan; Aggarwal, Rakesh; Agrawal, Anurag; Agrawal, Sutapa; Kiadaliri, Aliasghar Ahmad; Ahmed, Muktar Beshir; Aichour, Amani Nidhal; Aichour, Ibthiel; Aichour, Miloud Taki Eddine; Aiyar, Sneha; Akanda, Shafqat; Akinyemiju, Tomi F.; Akseer, Nadia; Al-Eyadhy, Ayman; Al Lami, Faris Hasan; Alabed, Samer; Alahdab, Fares; Al-Aly, Ziyad; Alam, Khurshid; Alam, Noore; Alasfoor, Deena; Aldridge, Robert William; Alene, Kefyalew Addis; Alhabib, Samia; Ali, Raghib; Alizadeh-Navaei, Reza; Aljunid, Syed M.; Alkaabi, Juma M.; Alkerwi, Ala'a; Alla, Francois; Allam, Shalini D.; Allebeck, Peter; Al-Raddadi, Rajaa; Alsharif, Ubai; Altirkawi, Khalid A.; Martin, Elena Alvarez; Alvis-Guzman, Nelson; Amare, Azmeraw T.; Ameh, Emmanuel A.; Amini, Erfan; Ammar, Walid; Amoako, Yaw Ampem; Anber, Nahla; Andrei, Catalina Liliana; Androudi, Sofia; Ansari, Hossein; Ansha, Mustafa Geleto; Antonio, Carl Abelardo T.; Anwari, Palwasha; Arnlöv, Johan; Arora, Megha; Al Artaman, A.; Aryal, Krishna Kumar; Asayesh, Hamid; Asgedom, Solomon Weldegebreal; Asghar, Rana Jawad; Assadi, Reza; Atey, Tesfay Mehari; Atre, Sachin R.; Avila-Burgos, Leticia; Avokpaho, Euripide Frinel G. Arthur; Awasthi, Ashish; Quintanilla, Beatriz Paulina Ayala; Babalola, Tesleem Kayode; Bacha, Umar; Badawi, Alaa; Balakrishnan, Kalpana; Balalla, Shivanthi; Barac, Aleksandra; Barber, Ryan M.; Barboza, Miguel A.; Barker-Collo, Suzanne L.; Ellingsen, Christian Lycke; Htet, Aung Soe; Knudsen, Ann Kristin; Norheim, Ole Frithjof; Vollset, Stein Emil; Weiderpass, Elisabete (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2017-09)
      Background: Detailed assessments of mortality patterns, particularly age-specific mortality, represent a crucial input that enables health systems to target interventions to specific populations. Understanding how all-cause ...
    • Health anxiety and risk of ischaemic heart disease: A prospective cohort study linking the Hordaland Health Study (HUSK) with the Cardiovascular Diseases in Norway (CVDNOR) project 

      Berge, Line Iden; Skogen, Jens Christoffer; Sulo, Gerhard; Igland, Jannicke; Wilhelmsen, Ingvard; Vollset, Stein Emil; Tell, Grethe S.; Knudsen, Ann Kristin (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2016)
      Background: The risk of ischaemic heart disease (IHD) is largely influenced by lifestyle. Interestingly, cohort studies show that anxiety in general is associated with increased risk of IHD, independent of established risk ...
    • Healthcare Access and Quality Index based on mortality from causes amenable to personal health care in 195 countries and territories, 1990-2015: a novel analysis from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2015 

      Barber, Ryan M; Fullman, Nancy; Sorensen, Reed J D; Vollset, Stein Emil; Ellingsen, Christian Lycke; Savic, Miloje; Skirbekk, Vegard; Hailu, Alemayehu; Norheim, Ole Frithjof; Htet, Aung Soe; Neupane, Sudan Prasad; Weiderpass, Elisabete (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2017-07)
      Background: National levels of personal health-care access and quality can be approximated by measuring mortality rates from causes that should not be fatal in the presence of effective medical care (ie, amenable mortality). ...
    • Heart Failure Complicating Acute Myocardial Infarction; Burden and Timing of Occurrence: A Nation-wide Analysis Including 86 771 Patients From the Cardiovascular Disease in Norway (CVDNOR) Project 

      Sulo, Gerhard; Igland, Jannicke; Vollset, Stein Emil; Nygård, Ottar; Ebbing, Marta; Sulo, Enxhela; Egeland, Grace M.; Tell, Grethe Seppola (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2016)
      Background: Coronary heart disease (CHD) represents often the underlying conditions for the development of heart failure (HF). We aimed at exploring the burden and timing of HF complicating an acute myocardial infarction ...
    • Heart failure in Norway, 2000-2014: analyzing incident, total and readmission rates using data from the Cardiovascular Disease in Norway (CVDNOR) Project 

      Sulo, Gerhard; Igland, Jannicke; Øverland, Simon; Egeland, Grace M.; Roth, Gregory A.; Vollset, Stein Emil; Tell, Grethe S. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Aims To examine trends in heart failure (HF) hospitalization rates and risk of readmissions following an incident HF hospitalization. Methods and results During 2000–2014, we identified in the Cardiovascular Disease ...
    • High population attributable fractions of myocardial infarction associated with waist-hip ratio 

      Egeland, Grace M.; Igland, Jannicke; Vollset, Stein Emil; Sulo, Gerhard; Eide, Geir Egil; Tell, Grethe Seppola (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2016-05)
      Objective: To estimate population attributable fractions (PAF) of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) associated with anthropometric measures by sex and age. Methods: The Cohort of Norway study identified 140,790 participants ...
    • Impact of Pre-Pregnancy BMI on B Vitamin and Inflammatory Status in Early Pregnancy: An Observational Cohort Study 

      Monsen, Anne Lise Bjørke; Ulvik, Arve; Nilsen, Roy Miodini; Midttun, Øivind; Roth, Christine; Magnus, Per; Stoltenberg, Camilla; Vollset, Stein Emil; Reichborn-Kjennerud, Ted; Ueland, Per Magne (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2016-11-30)
      Maternal nutrition and inflammation have been suggested as mediators in the development of various adverse pregnancy outcomes associated with maternal obesity. We have investigated the relation between pre-pregnancy BMI, ...
    • Incident coronary heart disease after Preeclampsia: Role of reduced fetal growth, preterm delivery, and parity 

      Riise, Hilde Kristin Refvik; Sulo, Gerhard; Tell, Grethe S.; Igland, Jannicke; Nygård, Ottar; Vollset, Stein Emil; Iversen, Ann-Charlotte; Austgulen, Rigmor; Daltveit, Anne Kjersti (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2017)
      Background: Preeclampsia is a severe pregnancy disorder often complicated by reduced fetal growth or preterm delivery and is associated with long‐term maternal morbidity and mortality. We aimed to assess the association ...
    • Injury death certificates without specification of the circumstances leading to the fatal injury - the Norwegian Cause of Death Registry 2005-2014 

      Ellingsen, Christian Lycke; Ebbing, Marta; Alfsen, G. Cecilie; Vollset, Stein Emil (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2018-12-24)
      Background: For injury deaths, the underlying cause of death is defined as the circumstances leading to the injury. When this information is missing, the ICD-10 code X59 (Exposure to unspecified factor) is used. Lack of ...
    • Interferon-γ–induced inflammatory markers and the risk of cancer: The Hordaland Health Study 

      Zuo, Hui; Tell, Grethe Seppola; Vollset, Stein Emil; Ueland, Per Magne; Nygård, Ottar; Midttun, Øivind; Meyer, Klaus; Ulvik, Arve; Eussen, Simone (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2014-06-19)
      Background It has been reported that interferon-γ (IFN-γ)–induced inflammatory markers, such as circulating neopterin and kynurenine-to-tryptophan ratio (KTR), are increased in patients with cancer and are also a predictor ...
    • Life expectancy and disease burden in the Nordic countries: results from the Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study 2017 

      Kisa, Adnan; Knudsen, Ann Kristin; Allebeck, Peter; Tollånes, Mette Christophersen; Skogen, Jens Christoffer; Iburg, Kim Moesgaard; McGrath, John J; Juel, Knud; Agardh, Emilie Elisabet; Arnlöv, Johan; Bjørge, Tone; Carrero, Juan J.; Cederroth, Christopher R; Eggen, Anne Elise; El-Khatib, Ziad; Lycke Ellingsen, Christian; Fereshtehnejad, Seyed-Mohammad; Gissler, Mika; Hadkhale, Kishor; Havmoeller, Rasmus; Johansson, Lars; Juliusson, Petur Benedikt; Kiadaliri, Aliasghar A.; Kisa, Sezer; Lallukka, Tea; Mekonnen, Teferi; Meretoja, Tuomo J.; Meretoja, Atte; Naghavi, Mohsen; Neupane, Subas; Nguyen, Truc Trung; Petzold, Max; Plana-Ripoll, Oleguer; Shiri, Rahman; Sigurvinsdottir, Rannveig; Skirbekk, Vegard; Skou, Søren T; Sigfusdottir, Inga Dora; Steiner, Timothy J.; Sulo, Gerhard; Truelsen, Thomas Clement; Vasankari, Tommi Juhani; Weiderpass, Elisabete; Vollset, Stein Emil; Vos, Theo; Øverland, Simon (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019-12-01)
      Background The Nordic countries have commonalities in gender equality, economy, welfare, and health care, but differ in culture and lifestyle, which might create country-wise health differences. This study compared life ...
    • Markers of vitamin B6 status and metabolism as predictors of incident cancer: The Hordaland Health Study. 

      Zuo, Hui; Ueland, Per Magne; Eussen, Simone; Tell, Grethe Seppola; Vollset, Stein Emil; Nygård, Ottar; Midttun, Øivind; Meyer, Klaus; Ulvik, Arve (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2014-11-26)
      Dietary intake and/or circulating concentrations of vitamin B6 have been associated with risk of cancer, but results are inconsistent and mechanisms uncertain. Pyridoxal 5'-phosphate (PLP) is the most commonly used marker ...
    • Maternal plasma folate impacts differential DNA methylation in an epigenome-wide meta-analysis of newborns 

      Joubert, Bonnie R; Den Dekker, Herman T; Felix, Janine F; Bohlin, Jon; Ligthart, Symen; Beckett, Emma; Tiemeier, Henning; van Meurs, Joyce B; Uitterlinden, Andre G; Hofman, Albert; Håberg, Siri Eldevik; Reese, Sarah E; Peters, Marjolein J; Kulle Andreassen, Bettina; Steegers, Eric A P; Nilsen, Roy Miodini; Vollset, Stein Emil; Midttun, Øivind; Ueland, Per Magne; Franco, Oscar H; Dehghan, Abbas; De Jongste, Johan C; Wu, Michael C; Wang, Tianyuan; Peddada, Shyamal D; Jaddoe, Vincent W V; Nystad, Wenche; Duijts, Liesbeth; London, Stephanie J (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2016-02-10)
      Folate is vital for fetal development. Periconceptional folic acid supplementation and food fortification are recommended to prevent neural tube defects. Mechanisms whereby periconceptional folate influences normal development ...
    • Measuring progress and projecting attainment on the basis of past trends of the health-related Sustainable Development Goals in 188 countries: an analysis from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2016 

      Fullman, Nancy; Barber, Ryan M.; Abajobir, Amanuel Alemu; Abate, Kalkidan Hassen; Abbafati, Cristiana; Abbas, Kaja M.; Abd-Allah, Foad; Abdulle, Abdishakur M.; Abera, Semaw Ferede; Aboyans, Victor; Abu-Raddad, Laith J.; Abu-Rmeileh, Niveen M. E.; Aryal, Krishna Kumar; Htet, Aung Soe; Kisa, Adnan; Norheim, Ole Frithjof; Vollset, Stein Emil; Weiderpass, Elisabete (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2017-09)
      Background: The UN's Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are grounded in the global ambition of “leaving no one behind”. Understanding today's gains and gaps for the health-related SDGs is essential for decision makers ...
    • Mortality following first-time hospitalization with acute myocardial infarction in Norway, 2001-2014: Time trends, underlying causes and place of death 

      Sulo, Gerhard; Igland, Jannicke; Sulo, Enxhela; Øverland, Simon Nygaard; Egeland, Grace M.; Vollset, Stein Emil; Tell, Grethe S. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019-11)
      Background Trends on cause-specific mortality following acute myocardial infarction (AMI) are poorly described and no studies have analyzed where do AMI patients die. We analyzed trends in 28-day and one-year mortality ...