Now showing items 21-40 of 8348

    • The 5-HTTLPR rs25531 LALA-genotype increases the risk of insomnia symptoms among shift workers 

      Pallesen, Ståle; Jacobsen, Daniel Pitz; Nielsen, Morten Birkeland; Gjerstad, Johannes (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019)
      Background Previous studies indicate that shift work tolerance may be associated with individual factors including genetic variability in the gene encoding the serotonin transporter 5-HTT (SLC6A4). The present study aimed ...
    • 50 Billion Micrograms. In Search of the Aftermath of an Event 

      Hansen, Christine (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019)
      This exposition provides an example of how art can offer an alternative way of understanding the past through my work “50 Billion Micrograms”. The project explored a forgotten media event from 1979, in which a gigantic ...
    • A 60-year follow-up of the incidence and prevalence of multiple sclerosis in Hordaland County, Western Norway 

      Grytten, Nina; Aarseth, Jan Harald; Lunde, Hanne Marie; Myhr, Kjell-Morten (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2015-01-14)
      Objective: Investigate the incidence of multiple sclerosis during 1953–2013 and estimate the prevalence rate of MS on 1 January 2003 and 2013 in Hordaland County, Western Norway. Methods: All patients with onset of disease ...
    • Aberrant resting-state oscillatory brain activity in Parkinson's disease patients with visual hallucinations: An MEG source-space study 

      Dauwan, Meenakshi; Hoff, Jorrit I; Vriens, Els M; Hillebrand, Arjan; Stam, Cornelis J; Sommer, Iris Else Clara (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019)
      To gain insight into possible underlying mechanism(s) of visual hallucinations (VH) in Parkinson's disease (PD), we explored changes in local oscillatory activity in different frequency bands with source-space magnetoenc ...
    • Ability in daily activities after early supported discharge models of stroke rehabilitation 

      Taule, Tina; Strand, Liv Inger; Assmus, Jörg; Skouen, Jan Sture (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2015)
      More knowledge is needed about how different rehabilitation models in the municipality influence stroke survivors’ ability in activities of daily living (ADL). Objectives: To compare three models of outpatient rehabilitation; ...
    • Abnormal phasic activity in saliency network, motor areas, and basal ganglia in Parkinson's disease during rhythm perception 

      Vikene, Kjetil; Skeie, Geir Olve; Specht, Karsten (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019)
      Behavioral studies indicate that persons with Parkinson's disease have complexity dependent problems with the discrimination of auditory rhythms. Furthermore, neuroimaging studies show that rhythm processing activates many ...
    • Abort og fosterreduksjon: En etisk sammenligning 

      Dahl, Silje Langseth; Vaksdal, Rebekka Hylland; Barra, Mathias; Gamlund, Espen; Solberg, Carl Tollef (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019)
      De siste årene har fosterreduksjon i økende grad vært gjenstand for debatt i Norge, og intensiteten nådde et foreløpig maksimum da Lovavdelingen leverte tolknings-uttalelsen § 2 - Tolkning av abortloven i 2016 som svar på ...
    • Abrupt high-latitude climate events and decoupled seasonal trends during the Eemian 

      Salonen, J. Sakari; Helmens, Karin F.; Brendryen, Jo; Kuosmanen, Niina; Väliranta, Minna; Goring, Simon; Korpela, Mikko; Kylander, Malin; Philip, Annemarie; Plikk, Anna; Renssen, Hans; Luoto, Miska (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2018-07-20)
      The Eemian (the Last Interglacial; ca. 129–116 thousand years ago) presents a testbed for assessing environmental responses and climate feedbacks under warmer-than-present boundary conditions. However, climate syntheses ...
    • Absence of the proteoglycan decorin reduces glucose tolerance in overfed male mice 

      Svärd, Jessica; Røst, Therese Halvorsen; Sommervoll, Camilla Elise Nergård; Haugen, Christine; Gudbrandsen, Oddrun Anita; Christensen, Anne Elisabeth; Rødahl, Eyvind; Fernø, Johan; Dankel, Simon N; Sagen, Jørn V.; Mellgren, Gunnar (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019)
      Studies have implicated the extracellular matrix (ECM) of adipose tissue in insulin resistance. The proteoglycan decorin, a component of ECM, has been associated with glucose tolerance, but possible causal effects on ...
    • Absorption properties of high-latitude Norwegian coastal water: The impact of CDOM and particulate matter 

      Cirennima, X; Frette, Øyvind; Hamre, Børge; Erga, Svein Rune; Chen, Yi-Chun; Zhao, Lu; Sørensen, Kai; Norli, Marit; Stamnes, Knut; Stamnes, Jakob J. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2016-09)
      We present data from measurements and analyses of the spectral absorption due to colored dissolved organic matter (CDOM), total suspended matter (TSM), phytoplankton, and non-algal particles (NAP) in high-latitude northern ...
    • Abundance and dynamics of anopheline larvae in a highland malarious area of south-central Ethiopia 

      Gebre-Michael, Teshome; Balkew, Meshesha; Lindtjørn, Bernt; Ayele, Abebe Animut (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2012-06-13)
      Background: Malaria is a public health problem in Ethiopia, and increasingly so in highland areas, possibly because of global warming. This study describes the distribution, breeding habitat and monthly dynamics of anopheline ...
    • Abundance, distribution and diversity of gelatinous predators along the northern Mid-Atlantic Ridge: A comparison of different sampling methodologies 

      Hosia, Aino; Falkenhaug, Tone; Baxter, Emily J.; Pages, Fransesc (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2017-11-02)
      The diversity and distribution of gelatinous zooplankton were investigated along the northern Mid-Atlantic Ridge (MAR) from June to August 2004.Here, we present results from macrozooplankton trawl sampling, as well as ...
    • Abundant Genetic Overlap between Blood Lipids and Immune-Mediated Diseases Indicates Shared Molecular Genetic Mechanisms 

      Andreassen, Ole Andreas; Desikan, Rahul S.; Wang, Yunpeng; Thompson, Wesley K.; Schork, Andrew J.; Zuber, Verena; Doncheva, Nadezhda T.; Ellinghaus, E.va; Mattingsdal, Morten; Franke, Andre; Lie, Benedicte. A.; Mills, Ian Geoffrey; Aukrust, Pål; McEvoy, Linda K.; Djurovic, Srdjan; Karlsen, Tom Hemming; Dale, Anders M. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2015-04-08)
      Epidemiological studies suggest a relationship between blood lipids and immune-mediated diseases, but the nature of these associations is not well understood. We used genome-wide association studies (GWAS) to investigate ...
    • Acacia trees on the cultural landscapes of the Red Sea Hills 

      Hobbs, Joseph J.; Krzywinski, Knut; Andersen, Gidske Leknæs; Talib, Mohamed; Pierce, Richard H.; Saadallah, Ahmed Ebaid Mohamed (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2014-07-18)
      This paper examines interactions between five pastoral nomadic culture groups of the Egyptian and Sudanese Red Sea Hills and the acacia trees Acacia tortilis (Forssk.) Hayne subsp. tortilis and subsp. raddiana growing in ...
    • Academic reading format preferences and behaviors among university students worldwide: A comparative survey analysis 

      Mizrachi, Diane; Salaz, Alicia M.; Kurbanoglu, Serap; Boustany, Joumana; Todorova, Tania; Yantao, Pan; Zhang, Jiuzhen; Zivkovic, Daniela; Pešut, Darija; Kortelainen, Terttu; Bar-Ilan, Judit; Aharony, Noa; Collina, Elena; Krumina, Liga; Geagea, Hanady; Ghinculov, Silvia; Landøy, Ane; Gastinger, Almuth; de la Vega, Aurora; Terra, Ana Lucia; Johnston, Nicole; Repanovici, Angela; Vilar, Polona; Schneider, René; Dogan, Güleda; Jamal, Patricia; Bawden, David; Secker, Jane; Morrison, Chris (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2018-05-30)
      This study reports the descriptive and inferential statistical findings of a survey of academic reading format preferences and behaviors of 10,293 tertiary students worldwide. The study hypothesized that country-based ...
    • Accelerometer epoch setting is decisive for associations between physical activity and metabolic health in children 

      Aadland, Eivind; Andersen, Lars Bo; Anderssen, Sigmund Alfred; Resaland, Geir Kåre; Kvalheim, Olav Martin (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
      When analysing physical activity (PA) levels using accelerometry, the epoch setting is critical to capture intensity-specific PA correctly. The aim of the present study was to investigate the PA intensity signatures related ...
    • Acceptability of an economic support component to reduce early pregnancy and school dropout in Zambia: a qualitative case study 

      Banda, Emmanuel; Svanemyr, Joar; Sandøy, Ingvild Fossgard; Goicolea, Isabel; Zulu, Joseph M. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019)
      Background: Cash Transfer (CT) schemes have become popular poverty reducing measures in many low and middle-income countries. Research indicates that when provided to girls in resource poor settings, cash transfers can ...
    • Acceptability of HIV counselling and testing among tuberculosis patients in south Ethiopia 

      Jerene, Degu; Endale, Aschalew; Lindtjørn, Bernt (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2007-05-30)
      Background: To benefit from available care and treatment options, patients should first be counselled and tested for HIV. Our aim was to assess the acceptability of HIV testing among tuberculosis patients under routine ...
    • The access paradox: abortion law, policy and practice in Ethiopia, Tanzania and Zambia 

      Blystad, Astrid; Haukanes, Haldis; Tadele, Getnet; Haaland, Marte Emilie Sandvik; Sambaiga, Richard; Zulu, Joseph M.; Moland, Karen Marie (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019-09-27)
      Introduction: Unsafe abortion is a major contributor to the continued high global maternal mortality and morbidity rates. Legal abortion frameworks and access to sexuality education and contraception have been pointed out ...
    • Access to Norwegian healthcare system - challenges for sub-Saharan African immigrants 

      Mbanya, Vivian N.; Terragni, Laura; Gele, Abdi; Diaz, Esperanza; Kumar, Bernadette. N (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019-08-14)
      Background: Immigrants face barriers in accessing healthcare services in high-income countries. Inequalities in health and access to healthcare services among immigrants have been previously investigated. However, little ...