• p-Kernel Stein Variational Gradient Descent for Data Assimilation and History Matching 

      Stordal, Andreas Størksen; Moraes, Rafael J.; Raanes, Patrick N.; Evensen, Geir (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      A Bayesian method of inference known as “Stein variational gradient descent” was recently implemented for data assimilation problems, under the heading of “mapping particle filter”. In this manuscript, the algorithm is ...
    • p53 protein biosignatures in acute myeloid leukemia 

      Ånensen, Nina (Doctoral thesis, 2006-03-10)
      p53 is a tumor suppressor protein often regarded as the guardian of the genome. It is a highly connected protein involved in many signaling processes in the cell. The inactivation of p53 through genetic mutations in TP53 ...
    • p53 Protein Isoform Profiles in AML: Correlation with Distinct Differentiation Stages and Response to Epigenetic Differentiation Therapy 

      Haaland, Ingvild; Hjelle, Sigrun Margrethe; Reikvam, Håkon; Sulen, André; Ryningen, Anita; McCormack, Emmet; Bruserud, Øystein; Gjertsen, Bjørn Tore (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      p53 protein isoform expression has been found to correlate with prognosis and chemotherapy response in acute myeloid leukemia (AML). We aimed to investigate how p53 protein isoforms are modulated during epigenetic ...
    • Pacific and Atlantic Lepeophtheirus salmonis (Krøyer, 1838) are allopatric subspecies: Lepeophtheirus salmonis salmonis and L. salmonis oncorhynchi subspecies novo 

      Skern-Mauritzen, Rasmus; Torrissen, Ole; Glover, Kevin (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2014-03-14)
      Background: The salmon louse Lepeophtheirus salmonis is a parasitic copepod that infects salmonids in the Pacific and Atlantic oceans. Although considered as a single species, morphological and biological differences have ...
    • Pacific and Atlantic Lepeophtheirus salmonis (Krøyer, 1838) are allopatric subspecies: Lepeophtheirus salmonis salmonis and L. salmonis oncorhynchi subspecies novo 

      Skern-Mauritzen, Rasmus; Torrissen, Ole; Glover, Kevin (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2014-03-14)
      Background: The salmon louse Lepeophtheirus salmonis is a parasitic copepod that infects salmonids in the Pacific and Atlantic oceans. Although considered as a single species, morphological and biological differences have ...
    • Pacific circulation response to eastern Arctic sea ice reduction in seasonal forecast simulations 

      Seidenglanz, Anne; Athanasiadis, Panos J.; Ruggieri, Paolo; Cvijanovic, Ivana; Li, Camille; Gualdi, Silvio (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      Recent studies point to the sensitivity of mid-latitude winter climate to Arctic sea ice variability. However, there remain contradictory results in terms of character and timing of Northern Hemisphere large-scale circulation ...
    • Pacific contribution to decadal surface temperature trends in the Arctic during the twentieth century 

      Svendsen, Lea; Keenlyside, Noel; Muilwijk, Morven; Bethke, Ingo; Omrani, Nour-Eddine; Gao, Yongqi (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      Instrumental records suggest multidecadal variability in Arctic surface temperature throughout the twentieth century. This variability is caused by a combination of external forcing and internal variability, but their ...
    • Pacific contribution to the early twentieth-century warming in the Arctic 

      Svendsen, Lea; Keenlyside, Noel; Bethke, Ingo; Gao, Yongqi; Omrani, Nour-Eddine (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      Arctic surface temperature warmed more than twice as fast as global temperature during the early twentieth century, similar to that during the recent global warming. This Arctic warming has been attributed to both external ...
    • Pacific Islands Development Forum – emergence of the new participant in the Pacific regionalism 

      Siekiera, Joanna (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019)
      Pacific Islands Development Forum (PIDF) was formally established through signing of an agreement in 2015. The two previous gatherings were informal and did not bring any legally binding documents. The 3rd summit, entitled ...
    • Packing arc-disjoint cycles in tournaments 

      Bessy, Stephane; Bougeret, Marin; Krithika, R; Sahu, Abhishek; Saurabh, Saket; Thiebaut, Jocelyn; Zehavi, Meirav (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019)
      A tournament is a directed graph in which there is a single arc between every pair of distinct vertices. Given a tournament T on n vertices, we explore the classical and parameterized complexity of the problems of determining ...
    • Packing cycles faster than Erdos-Posa 

      Lokshtanov, Daniel; Mouawad, Amer E.; Saurabh, Saket; Zehavi, Meirav (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019)
      The Cycle Packing problem asks whether a given undirected graph $G=(V,E)$ contains $k$ vertex-disjoint cycles. Since the publication of the classic Erdös--Pósa theorem in 1965, this problem received significant attention ...
    • PaCTS 1.0: a crowdsourced reporting standard for paleoclimate data 

      Khider, Deborah; Emile-Geay, Julien; McKay, Nicholas P.; Gil, Yolanda; Garijo, Daniel; Ratnakar, Varun; Alonso-Garcia, Montserrat; Bertrand, Sebastien; Bothe, Oliver; Brewer, Peter; Bunn, Andrew G.; Chevalier, Manuel; Comas-Bru, Laia; Csank, Adam; Dassié, Emilie; DeLong, Kristine L.; Felis, Thomas; Francus, Pierre; Frappier, Amy; Gray, William R.; Goring, Simon; Jonkers, Lukas; Kahle, Michael; Kaufman, Darrell S.; Kehrwald, Natalie M.; Martrat, Belen; McGregor, Helen V; Richey, Julie; Schmittner, Andreas; Scroxton, Nick; Sutherland, Elaine K.; Thirumalai, Kaustubh; Allen, Kathryn J.; Arnaud, Fabien; Axford, Yarrow; Barrows, Timothy T.; Bazin, Lucie; Pilaar Birch, Suzanne E.; Bradley, Elizabeth; Bregy, Joshua; Capron, Emilie; Cartapanis, Olivier; Chiang, Hong-Wei; Cobb, Kim M.; Debret, Maxime; Dommain, René; Du, Jianghui; Dyez, Kelsey A.; Emerick, Suellyn; Erb, Michael P.; Falster, Georgina; Finsinger, Walter; Fortier, Daniel; Gauthier, Nicholas; George, Steve; Grimm, Eric C.; Hertzberg, Jennifer; Hibbert, Fiona D.; Hillman, Aubrey; Hobbs, William R; Huber, Matthew; Hughes, Anna L.C.; Jaccard, Samuel L.; Ruan, Jiaoyang; Kienast, Markus; Konecky, Bronwen; Le Roux, Gael; Lyubchich, Vyacheslav; Novello, Valdir F.; Olaka, Lydia; Partin, Judson; Pearce, Christof; Phipps, Steven J.; Pignol, Cecile; Piotrowska, Natalia; Poli, Maria-Serena; Prokopenko, Alexander; Schwank, Franciele; Stepanek, Christian; Swann, George E.A.; Telford, Richard; Thomas, Elizabeth R.; Thomas, Zoe; Truebe, Sarah; Von Gunten, Lucien; Waite, Amanda J.; Weitzel, Nils; Wilhelm, Bruno; Williams, John W.; Williams, Joseph J.; Winstrup, Mai; Zhao, Ning; Zhou, Yuxin (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019-09)
      The progress of science is tied to the standardization of measurements, instruments, and data. This is especially true in the Big Data age, where analyzing large data volumes critically hinges on the data being standardized. ...
    • Paediatric Contacts of Adult COVID-19 Patients: Clinical Parameters, Risk Factors, and Outcome 

      Farooq, Ammara; Sheikh, Taimur Khalil; Syed, Fibhaa; Mustafa, Tehmina (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      Background. There is insufficient data in Pakistan and in South Asia regarding paediatric COVID-19 demographics and related parameters. The main aim of this study was to assess the paediatric population exposed to SARS-CoV-2 ...
    • Paediatric HIV-1 infection in Uganda. Natural history and early antiretroviral treatment response 

      Musoke, Philippa M. (Doctoral thesis, 2011-10-07)
      Paediatric HIV-1 infection remains a major problem for sub-Saharan Africa with over 1300 new infections daily. Infected children have a high mortality with 50% dying by 2 years of age. Access to antiretroviral therapy (ART) ...
    • Paediatric surgical conditions in malawi-a cross-sectional nationwide household survey 

      Varela, Carlos Gomes; Viste, Asgaut; Young, Sven; Groen, Reinou S.; Ngoie, Leonard Banza; Nandi, Bip; Mkandawire, Nyengo; Moen, Bente Elisabeth (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      Background Untreated surgical conditions may lead to lifelong disability in children. Treating children with surgical conditions may reduce long-term effects of morbidity and disability. Unfortunately, low- and middle-income ...
    • The Pah-R261Q mouse reveals oxidative stress associated with amyloid-like hepatic aggregation of mutant phenylalanine hydroxylase 

      Aubi Catevilla, Oscar; Prestegård, Karina Skjervheim; K C, Kunwar Jung; Shi, Tie-Jun; Ying, Ming; Grindheim, Ann Kari; Scherer, Tanja; Ulvik, Arve; McCann, Adrian; Spriet, Endy; Thöny, Beat; Martinez, Aurora (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      Phenylketonuria (PKU) is caused by autosomal recessive variants in phenylalanine hydroxylase (PAH), leading to systemic accumulation of L-phenylalanine (L-Phe) that may reach neurotoxic levels. A homozygous Pah-R261Q mouse, ...
    • Paid and unpaid work in the Norwegian Welfare state - the case of the lone mother allowance 

      Syltevik, Liv Johanne (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2015)
      In much of the literature, the Nordic states are presented as models for womanfriendly and gender equality policy. Differences between the gendered dimensions among the Nordic countries are less frequently explored. From ...
    • Pain and Bright Light Therapy in Nursing Home Patients with Dementia 

      Lemstad, Astrid Berg (Master thesis, 2019)
      Smerte, søvnproblemer og atferd og psykologiske symptomer ved demens (APSD) er vanlig blant sykehjemspasienter med demens. Symptomene er ofte komorbide og kan utløse hverandre. Sykehjemspasienter med demens har høy risiko ...
    • Pain and pain tolerance in whiplash-associated disorders:A population-based study 

      Myrtveit, Solbjørg Makalani; Skogen, Jens Christoffer; Sivertsen, Børge; Steingrímsdóttir, Ólöf Anna; Stubhaug, Audun; Nielsen, Christopher Sivert (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2015)
      Background: Pain is a cardinal symptom in individuals with whiplash-associated disorders (WAD). We aimed to compare pain characteristics between individuals with WAD and individuals reporting chronic pain from other causes, ...
    • Pain and physical function among nursing home patients and people with dementia. Cross-sectional analyses from the COSMOS-trial 

      Mo, Ingunn Fleten (Master thesis, 2018-08-24)
      Background: Previous studies have shown how nursing home patients have poor physical functioning and are largely care dependent in activities of daily life. These patients have a high prevalence of pain and are mainly ...