• Boolean Difference-Making: A Modern Regularity Theory of Causation 

      Baumgartner, Michael Clemens; Falk, Christoph (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019)
      A regularity theory of causation analyses type-level causation in terms of Boolean difference-making. The essential ingredient that helps this theoretical framework overcome the problems of Hume’s and Mill’s classical ...
    • Coincidence analysis: a new method for causal inference in implementation science 

      Whitaker, Rebecca; Sperber, Nina; Baumgartner, Michael Clemens; Thiem, Alrik; Cragun, Deborah; Damschroder, Laura; Miech, Edward J.; Slade, Alecia; Birken, Sarah (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Background Implementation of multifaceted interventions typically involves many diverse elements working together in interrelated ways, including intervention components, implementation strategies, and features of local ...
    • Optimizing Consistency and Coverage in Configurational Causal Modeling 

      Baumgartner, Michael Clemens; Ambühl, Mathias (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      Consistency and coverage are two core parameters of model fit used by configurational comparative methods (CCMs) of causal inference. Among causal models that perform equally well in other respects (e.g., robustness or ...
    • Qualitative Comparative Analysis and robust sufficiency 

      Baumgartner, Michael Clemens (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      Some methodologists take the search target of Qualitative Comparative Analysis (QCA) to be causal INUS-conditions, others contend that QCA should instead be used to search for some form of sufficiency that is more substantive ...
    • Robustness and Model Selection in Configurational Causal Modeling 

      Parkkinen, Veli Pekka Kalevi; Baumgartner, Michael Clemens (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      In recent years, proponents of configurational comparative methods (CCMs) have advanced various dimensions of robustness as instrumental to model selection. But these robustness considerations have not led to computable ...