• Assessing the Potential Replacement of Laurel Forest by a Novel Ecosystem in the Steep Terrain of an Oceanic Island 

      Sharan Devkota, Ram; Field, Richard; Vetaas, Ole Reidar; Beierkuhnlein, Carl; Hoffmann, Samuel; Walentowitz, Anna; Jentsch, Anke; Medina, Felix; Weiser, Frank; Chiarukki, Allessandro (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Biological invasions are a major global threat to biodiversity and often affect ecosystem services negatively. They are particularly problematic on oceanic islands where there are many narrow-ranged endemic species, and ...
    • Co-occurrence frequency in vegetation patches decreases towards the harsh edge along an arid volcanic elevational gradient<sup>a</sup> 

      Eibes, Pia M.; Eisenbacher, Judith; Beierkuhnlein, Carl; Chiarucci, Alessandro; Field, Richard; Jentsch, Anke; Köhler, Tina; Vetaas, Ole R.; Irl, Severin D.H. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      Positive plant–plant interactions are thought to drive vegetation patterns in harsh environments, such as semi-arid areas. According to the stress-gradient hypothesis (SGH), the role of positive interactions between species ...
    • Diversification in evolutionary arenas—Assessment and synthesis 

      Nürk, Nicolai; Linder, H. Peter; Onstein, Renske E; Larcombe, Matthew J; Hughes, Colin E; Piñeiro Fernández, Laura; Schlüter, Philipp M; Valente, Luis; Beierkuhnlein, Carl; Cutts, Vanessa; Donoghue, Michael J; Edwards, Erika J; Field, Richard; Flantua, Suzette; Higgins, Steven I; Jentsch, Anke; Liede‐Schumann, Sigrid; Pirie, Michael David (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Understanding how and why rates of evolutionary diversification vary is a key issue in evolutionary biology, ecology, and biogeography. Evolutionary rates are the net result of interacting processes summarized under concepts ...
    • Diversity of European habitat types is correlated with geography more than climate and human pressure 

      Cervellini, Marco; Di Musciano, Michele; Zannini, Piero; Fattorini, Simone; Jiménez-Alfaro, Borja; Agrillo, Emiliano; Attorre, Fabio; Angelini, Pierangela; Beierkuhnlein, Carl; Casella, Laura; Field, Richard; Fischer, Jan-Christopher; Genovesi, Piero; Hoffmann, Samuel; Irl, Severin D.H.; Nascimbene, Juri; Rocchini, Duccio; Steinbauer, Manuel; Vetaas, Ole Reidar; Chiarucci, Alessandro (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      Habitat richness, that is, the diversity of ecosystem types, is a complex, spatially explicit aspect of biodiversity, which is affected by bioclimatic, geographic, and anthropogenic variables. The distribution of habitat ...
    • Global endemics-area relationships of vascular plants 

      Hobohm, Carsten; Janišová, Monika; Steinbauer, Manuel; Landi, Sara; Field, Richard; Vanderplank, Sula; Beierkuhnlein, Carl; Grytnes, John-Arvid; Vetaas, Ole Reidar; Fidelis, Alessandra; de Nascimento, Lea; Clark, Vincent Ralph; Fernández-Palacios, José María; Franklin, Scott; Guarino, Riccardo; Huang, Jihong; Krestov, Pavel V.; Ma, Keping; Onipchenko, Vladimir G.; Palmer, Michael W.; Fragomeni Simon, Marcelo; Stolz, Christian; Chiarucci, Alessandro (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019)
      Endemics–Area Relationships (EARs) are fundamental in theoretical and applied biogeography for understanding distribution patterns and promoting biodiversity conservation. However, calculating EARs for vascular plant species ...
    • A grid-based map for the Biogeographical Regions of Europe 

      Cervellini, Marco; Vetaas, Ole Reidar; Field, Richard; Beierkuhnlein, Carl; Chiarucci, Alessandro; Zannini, Pierro; Di Musciano, Michele; Fattorini, Simone; Jiménez-Alfaro, Borja; Rocchini, Duccio; Irl, Severin D.H.; Fischer, Jan-Christopher; Casella, Laura; Angelini, Pirangela; Genovesi, Piero; Nascimbene, Juri; Hoffmann, Samuel (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Background Biogeographical units are widely adopted in ecological research and nature conservation management, even though biogeographical regionalisation is still under scientific debate. The European Environment Agency ...
    • Impacts of forest fire on understory species diversity in canary pine ecosystems on the island of La Palma 

      Weiser, Frank; Sauer, Anna; Gettueva, Daria; Field, Richard; Irl, Severin D. H.; Vetaas, Ole Reidar; Chiarucci, Alessandro; Hoffmann, Samuel; Fernández-Palacios, José María; Otto, Rüdiger; Jentsch, Anke; Provenzale, Antonello; Beierkuhnlein, Carl (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021-11-25)
      Forest fires are drivers of spatial patterns and temporal dynamics of vegetation and biodiversity. On the Canary Islands, large areas of pine forest exist, dominated by the endemic Canary Island pine, Pinus canariensis C. ...
    • Remote sensing of β-diversity: Evidence from plant communities in a semi-natural system 

      Hoffmann, Samuel; Schmitt, Thomas M; Chiarucci, Alessandro; Irl, Severin D.H.; Rocchini, Duccio; Vetaas, Ole Reidar; Tanase, Mihai A; Mermoz, Stephane; Bouvet, Alexandre; Beierkuhnlein, Carl (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019)
      Question: Do remote sensing signals represent β‐diversity? Does β‐diversity agree with community types? Location: UNESCO Man and the Biosphere Reserve, La Palma, Canary Islands. Methods: We recorded perennial, vascular ...
    • Snapshot isolation and isolation history challenge the analogy between mountains and islands used to understand endemism 

      Flantua, Suzette; Payne, Davnah; Borregaard, Michael Krabbe; Beierkuhnlein, Carl; Steinbauer, Manuel J.; Dullinger, Stefan; Essl, Franz; Irl, Severin D.H.; Kienle, David; Kreft, Holger; Lenzner, Bernd; Norder, Sietze J.; Rijsdijk, Kenneth F.; Rumpf, Sabine B.; Weigelt, Patrick; Field, Richard (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Aim Mountains and islands are both well known for their high endemism. To explain this similarity, parallels have been drawn between the insularity of “true islands” (land surrounded by water) and the isolation of habitats ...