• Arctic amplification under global warming of 1.5 and 2 °C in NorESM1-Happi 

      Graff, Lise Seland; Iversen, Trond; Bethke, Ingo; Debernard, Jens Boldingh; Seland, Øyvind; Bentsen, Mats; Kirkevåg, Alf; Li, Camille; Oliviè, Dirk Jan Leo (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019)
      Differences between a 1.5 and 2.0 ∘C warmer climate than 1850 pre-industrial conditions are investigated using a suite of uncoupled (Atmospheric Model Intercomparison Project; AMIP), fully coupled, and slab-ocean experiments ...
    • Description and evaluation of the Bergen climate model: ARPEGE coupled with MICOM 

      Furevik, Tore; Bentsen, Mats; Drange, Helge; Kindem, I. K. T.; Kvamstø, Nils Gunnar; Sorteberg, Asgeir (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2003-07)
      A new coupled atmosphere–ocean–sea ice model has been developed, named the Bergen Climate Model (BCM). It consists of the atmospheric model ARPEGE/IFS, together with a global version of the ocean model MICOM including a ...
    • Diagnosing and Understanding the AMOC Biases in NorESM 

      Ivanova, Detelina; Bentsen, Mats; Ilicak, Mehmet; Gao, Chuncheng; Drange, Helge (Conference object; Peer reviewed, 2014)
      We investigate the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation (AMOC) in the Norwegian Earth System Model (NorESM) featuring isopycnal ocean component (MICOM). The Coupled Model Intercomparison Phase 5 (CMIP5) NorESM ...
    • Effects of diapycnal and isopycnal mixing on the ventilation of CFCs in the North Atlantic in an isopycnic coordinate OGCM 

      Gao, Yongqi; Drange, Helge; Bentsen, Mats (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2003)
      Simulated distributions of the chlorofluorocarbons CFC-11 and CFC-12 are used to examine the ventilation of the North Atlantic Ocean in a global version of the Miami Isopycnic Coordinate Ocean Model (MICOM). Three simulations ...
    • Equilibrium simulations of Marine Isotope Stage 3 climate 

      Guo, Chuncheng; Nisancioglu, Kerim Hestnes; Bentsen, Mats; Bethke, Ingo; Zhang, Zhongshi (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019-06-26)
      An equilibrium simulation of Marine Isotope Stage 3 (MIS3) climate with boundary conditions characteristic of Greenland Interstadial 8 (GI-8; 38 kyr BP) is carried out with the Norwegian Earth System Model (NorESM). A ...
    • Mechanisms for decadal scale variability in a simulated Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation 

      Medhaug, Iselin; Langehaug, Helene Reinertsen; Eldevik, Tor; Furevik, Tore; Bentsen, Mats (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2011-06-25)
      Variability in the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation (AMOC) has been analysed using a 600-year pre-industrial control simulation with the Bergen Climate Model. The typical AMOC variability has amplitudes of 1 ...
    • Ocean biogeochemistry in the Norwegian Earth System Model version 2 (NorESM2) 

      Tjiputra, Jerry; Schwinger, Jörg; Bentsen, Mats; Morée, Anne; Gao, Shuang; Bethke, Ingo; Heinze, Christoph; Goris, Nadine; Gupta, Alok Kumar; He, Yan-Chun; Oliviè, Dirk Jan Leo; Seland, Øyvind; Schulz, Michael (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      The ocean carbon cycle is a key player in the climate system through its role in regulating the atmospheric carbon dioxide concentration and other processes that alter the Earth's radiative balance. In the second version ...
    • Overview of the Norwegian Earth System Model (NorESM2) and key climate response of CMIP6 DECK, historical, and scenario simulations 

      Seland, Øyvind; Bentsen, Mats; Oliviè, Dirk Jan Leo; Toniazzo, Thomas; Gjermundsen, Ada; Graff, Lise Seland; Debernard, Jens Boldingh; Gupta, Alok Kumar; He, Yan-Chun; Kirkevåg, Alf; Schwinger, Jörg; Tjiputra, Jerry; Aas, Kjetil Schanke; Bethke, Ingo; Fan, Yuanchao; Griesfeller, Jan; Grini, Alf; Guo, Chuncheng; Ilicak, Mehmet; Karset, Inger Helene H.; Landgren, Oskar Andreas; Liakka, Johan; Moseid, Kine Onsum; Nummelin, Aleksi; Spensberger, Clemens; Tang, Hui; Zhang, Zhongshi; Heinze, Christoph; Iversen, Trond; Schulz, Michael (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020-12)
      The second version of the coupled Norwegian Earth System Model (NorESM2) is presented and evaluated. NorESM2 is based on the second version of the Community Earth System Model (CESM2) and shares with CESM2 the computer ...
    • Seasonal to Decadal Temperature Variations in the Faroe-Shetland Inflow Waters 

      Hátún, Hjalmar; Sandø, Anne Britt; Drange, Helge; Bentsen, Mats (AGU Geophysical Monograph Series;158, Chapter, 2005)
      A 53 years hind-cast simulation with a regional version of the Nansen Center version of the Miami Isopycnic Coordinate Ocean Model (MICOM) has been conducted to explore the nature of the observed seasonal to inter-annual ...
    • Seasonal-to-decadal predictions with the ensemble kalman filter and the Norwegian earth System Model: A twin experiment 

      Counillon, Francois; Bethke, Ingo; Keenlyside, Noel; Bentsen, Mats; Bertino, Laurent; Zheng, Fei (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2014-03-10)
      Here, we firstly demonstrate the potential of an advanced flow dependent data assimilation method for performing seasonal-to-decadal prediction and secondly, reassess the use of sea surface temperature (SST) for initialisation ...
    • The sensitivity of the present day Atlantic meriodinal overturning circulation to freshwater forcing 

      Otterå, Odd Helge; Drange, Helge; Bentsen, Mats; Kvamstø, Nils Gunnar; Jiang, Dabang (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2003-09-09)
      Mounting evidence indicates that the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation (AMOC) was strongly reduced during cold climate episodes in the past, possible due to freshwater influx from glacial melting. It is also ...
    • Simulated North Atlantic-Nordic Seas water mass exchanges in an isopycnic coordinate OGCM 

      Nilsen, Jan Even Øie; Gao, Yongqi; Drange, Helge; Furevik, Tore; Bentsen, Mats (Journal article, 2003-05-29)
      The variability in the volume exchanges between the North Atlantic and the Nordic Seas during the last 50 years is investigated using a synoptic forced, global version of the Miami Isopycnic Coordinate Ocean Model (MICOM). ...
    • Simulated variability of the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation 

      Bentsen, Mats; Drange, Helge; Furevik, Tore; Zhou, Tianjun (2004-04-17)
      To examine the multi-annual to decadal scale variability of the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation (AMOC), a four-member ensemble with a daily reanalysis forced, medium-resolution global version of the isopycnic ...
    • Simulating transport of non-Chernobyl 137Cs and 90Sr in the North Atlantic–Arctic region 

      Gao, Yongqi; Drange, Helge; Bentsen, Mats; Johannessen, Ola M. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2004)
      The spatial and temporal distributions of the anthropogenic radionuclides 137Cs and 90Sr, originating from nuclear bomb testing and the Sellafield reprocessing plants in the Irish Sea, are simulated using a global version ...
    • Temporal and spatial variability of the sea surface salinity in the Nordic Seas 

      Furevik, Tore; Bentsen, Mats; Drange, Helge; Johannessen, Johnny A.; Korablev, Alexander (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2002-11-02)
      In this paper, the temporal and spatial variability of the sea surface salinity (SSS) in the Nordic Seas is investigated. The data include a Russian hydrographical database for the Nordic Seas and daily to weekly observations ...
    • Tracer-derived transit time of the waters in the eastern Nordic Seas 

      Gao, Yongqi; Drange, Helge; Bentsen, Mats; Johannessen, Ola M. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2005-08-25)
      The spatial-temporal distribution of the anthropogenic radionuclide 137Cs originating from nuclear bomb testing and the Sellafield reprocessing plant in the Irish Sea is simulated using a global version of the Miami Isopycnic ...
    • Transient response of the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation to enhanced freshwater input to the Nordic Seas–Arctic Ocean in the Bergen Climate Model 

      Otterå, Odd Helge; Drange, Helge; Bentsen, Mats; Kvamstø, Nils Gunnar; Jiang, Dabang (Tellus A;56(4), Journal article, 2004-07-09)
      The transient response of the climate system to anomalously large freshwater input to the high latitude seas is examined using the newly developed Bergen Climate Model. A 150-yr twin-experiment has been carried out, ...