• Electron Bernstein waves driven by electron crescents near the electron diffusion region 

      Li, Wenya; Graham, D. B.; Khotyaintsev, Yuri V.; Vaivads, Andris; André, Mats; Min, K.; Liu, K.; Tang, B.B.; Wang, C.; Fujimoto, K.; Norgren, Astrid Elisabet Cecilia; Toledo-Redondo, Sergio; Lindqvist, Per-Arne; Ergun, R.E.; Torbert, Roy B.; Rager, A.C.; Dorelli, J.C.; Gershman, D.J.; Giles, B. L.; Lavraud, B.; Plaschke, F.; Magnes, W.; Le Contel, Olivier; Russell, Christopher T.; Burch, J. L. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      The Magnetospheric Multiscale (MMS) spacecraft encounter an electron diffusion region (EDR) of asymmetric magnetic reconnection at Earth’s magnetopause. The EDR is characterized by agyrotropic electron velocity distributions ...
    • High‐density magnetospheric He+ at the dayside magnetopause and its effect on magnetic reconnection 

      Fuselier, Stephen A.; Haaland, Stein; Tenfjord, Paul; Paschmann, G; Toledo-Redondo, S; Malaspina, D; Kim, M.J.; Trattner, K.J.; Petrinec, S. M.; Giles, B. L.; Goldstein, J; Burch, J. L.; Strangeway, R. J. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      Observations from the Magnetospheric Multiscale (MMS) mission are used to quantify the maximum effect of magnetospheric H+ and He+ on dayside magnetopause reconnection. A data base of current-sheet crossings from the first ...
    • High‐density O+ in Earth's outer magnetosphere and its effect on dayside magnetopause magnetic reconnection 

      Fuselier, SA; Mukherjee, J; Denton, MH; Petrinec, SM; Trattner, K.J.; Toledo-Redondo, S; Andre, M; Aunai, N; Chappell, Charles Richard; Glocer, Alex; Haaland, S.; Hesse, Michael; Kistler, LM; Lavraud, B; Li, WY; Moore, T. E.; Graham, D; Tenfjord, Paul; Dargent, J.; Vines, Sarah K.; Strangeway, Robert J.; Burch, J. L. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019)
      The warm plasma cloak is a source of magnetospheric plasma that contain significant O+. When the O+ density in the magnetosphere near the magnetopause is >0.2 cm‐3 and the H+ density is <1.5 cm‐3, then O+ dominates the ...
    • Lower-Hybrid Drift Waves Driving Electron Nongyrotropic Heating and Vortical Flows in a Magnetic Reconnection Layer 

      Chen, Li-Jen; Wang, Shan; Le Contel, Olivier; Rager, A.; Hesse, Michael; Drake, J. F.; Dorelli, J.; Ng, J.; Bessho, Naoki; Graham, D. B.; Wilson, Lynn B.; Moore, T. E.; Giles, B. L.; Paterson, W.; Lavraud, B.; Genestreti, K.; Nakamura, Rumi; Khotyaintsev, Yuri V.; Ergun, R.E.; Torbert, Roy B.; Burch, J. L.; Pollock, C.; Russell, Christopher T.; Lindqvist, Per-Arne; Avanov, Levon (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      We report measurements of lower-hybrid drift waves driving electron heating and vortical flows in an electron-scale reconnection layer under a guide field. Electrons accelerated by the electrostatic potential of the waves ...
    • Magnetic Reconnection in Three Dimensions: Modeling and Analysis of Electromagnetic Drift Waves in the Adjacent Current Sheet 

      Ergun, Robert E; Hoilijoki, Sanni; Ahmadi, N.; Schwartz, S.J.; Wilder, F.D.; Drake, James F.; Hesse, Michael; Shay, Michael A.; Ji, H.; Yamada, M; Graham, Daniel B.; Cassak, P.A.; Swisdak, M; Burch, J. L.; Torbert, R.B.; Holmes, JC; Stawarz, JE; Goodrich, Katherine A; Eriksson, S.; Strangeway, Robert J.; LeContel, O (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019)
      We present a model of electromagnetic drift waves in the current sheet adjacent to magnetic reconnection at the subsolar magnetopause. These drift waves are potentially important in governing 3‐D structure of subsolar ...
    • Universality of Lower Hybrid Waves at Earth's Magnetopause 

      Graham, D. B.; Khotyaintsev, Yu V; Norgren, Astrid Elisabet Cecilia; Vaivads, Andris; Andre, M.; Drake, J. F.; Egedal, J.; Zhou, M.; Le Contel, O; Webster, J.M.; Lavraud, B.; Kacem, Imed; Génot, V.; Jacquey, C.; Rager, AC; Gershman, Daniel J; Burch, J. L.; Ergun, Robert E (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019)
      Waves around the lower hybrid frequency are frequently observed at Earth's magnetopause and readily reach very large amplitudes. Determining the properties of lower hybrid waves is crucial because they are thought to ...