• Acidification of the Nordic Seas 

      Fransner, Sara Filippa Krusmynta; Fröb, Friederike; Tjiputra, Jerry; Goris, Nadine; Lauvset, Siv Kari; Skjelvan, Ingunn; Jeansson, Emil; Omar, Abdirahman; Chierici, Melissa; Jones, Elizabeth Marie; Fransson, Agneta; Ólafsdóttir, Sólveig R.; Johannessen, Truls; Olsen, Are (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2022)
      Due to low calcium carbonate saturation states, and winter mixing that brings anthropogenic carbon to the deep ocean, the Nordic Seas and their cold-water corals are vulnerable to ocean acidification. Here, we present a ...
    • Arctic Ocean CO2 uptake: An improved multiyear estimate of the air-sea CO2 flux incorporating chlorophyll a concentrations 

      Yasunaka, Sayaka; Siswanto, Eko; Olsen, Are; Hoppema, Mario; Watanabe, Eiji; Fransson, Agneta Ingrid; Chierici, Melissa; Murata, Akihiko; Lauvset, Siv Kari; Wanninkhof, Rik; Takahashi, Taro; Kosugi, Naohiro; Omar, Abdirahman; van Heuven, Steven; Mathis, Jeremy T. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2018-03-22)
      We estimated monthly air–sea CO2 fluxes in the Arctic Ocean and its adjacent seas north of 60∘ N from 1997 to 2014. This was done by mapping partial pressure of CO2 in the surface water (pCO2w) using a self-organizing map ...
    • Diffusive and advective cross-frontal fluxes of inorganic nutrients and dissolved inorganic carbon in the Barents Sea in autumn 

      Koenig, Zoe Charlotte; Fer, Ilker; Chierici, Melissa; Fransson, Agneta; Jones, Elizabeth Marie; Kolås, Eivind Hugaas (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2023)
      The Atlantic Water, entering the Arctic through the Barents Sea and Fram Strait, is the main source of nutrients in the Arctic Ocean. The Barents Sea is divided by the Polar Front into an Atlantic-dominated domain in the ...
    • Earlier sea-ice melt extends the oligotrophic summer period in the Barents Sea with low algal biomass and associated low vertical flux 

      Kohlbach, Doreen; Goraguer, Lucie; Bodur, Yasemin V.; Müller, Oliver; Amargant Arumí, Martí; Blix, Katalin; Bratbak, Gunnar; Chierici, Melissa; Dabrowska, Anna Maria; Dietrich, Ulrike; Edvardsen, Bente; Garcia, Laura; Gradinger, Rolf Rudolf; Hop, Haakon; Jones, Elizabeth Marie; Øyvind, Lundesgaard; Olsen, Lasse Mork; Reigstad, Marit; Saubrekka, Karoline; Tatarek, Agnieszka; Wiktor, Josef Maria; Wold, Anette; Assmy, Philipp (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2023)
      The decrease in Arctic sea-ice extent and thickness as a result of global warming will impact the timing, duration, magnitude and composition of phytoplankton production with cascading effects on Arctic marine food-webs ...
    • Effects of sea-ice and biogeochemical processes and storms on under-ice water fCO2 during the winter-spring transition in the high Arctic Ocean: Implications for sea-air CO2 fluxes 

      Fransson, Agneta Ingrid; Chierici, Melissa; Skjelvan, Ingunn; Olsen, Are; Assmy, Philipp; Peterson, Algot Kristoffer; Spreen, Gunnar; Ward, Brian (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2017-07)
      We performed measurements of carbon dioxide fugacity (fCO2) in the surface water under Arctic sea ice from January to June 2015 during the Norwegian young sea ICE (N-ICE2015) expedition. Over this period, the ship drifted ...
    • From winter to late summer in the northwestern Barents Sea shelf: Impacts of seasonal progression of sea ice and upper ocean on nutrient and phytoplankton dynamics 

      Koenig, Zoe Charlotte; Muilwijk, Morven; Sandven, Håkon Johan; Lundesgaard, Øyvind; Assmy, Philipp Kurt Wolf; Lind, Sigrid Gjessing; Assmann, Karen; Chierici, Melissa; Fransson, Agneta; Gerland, Sebastian; Jones, Elizabeth Marie; Renner, Angelika; Granskog, Mats (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2024)
      Strong seasonality is a key feature of high-latitude systems like the Barents Sea. While the interannual variability and long-term changes of the Barents Sea are well-documented, the seasonal progression of the physical ...
    • Leads in Arctic pack ice enable early phytoplankton blooms below snow-covered sea ice 

      Assmy, Philipp; Fernández-Méndez, Mar; Duarte, Pedro; Meyer, Amelie; Randelhoff, Achim; Mundy, Christopher John; Olsen, Lasse; Kauko, Hanna M.; Bailey, Allison; Chierici, Melissa; Cohen, Lana; Doulgeris, Anthony Paul; Ehn, Jens K.; Fransson, Agneta; Gerland, Sebastian; Hop, Haakon; Hudson, Stephen R.; Hughes, Nick; Itkin, Polona; Johnsen, Geir; King, Jennifer A.; Koch, Boris P.; Koenig, Zoe; Kwasniewski, Slawomir; Laney, Samuel R.; Nikolaus, Marcel; Pavlov, Alexey K.; Polashenski, Christopher M.; Provost, Christine; Rösel, Anja; Sandbu, Marthe; Spreen, Gunnar; Smedsrud, Lars H.; Sundfjord, Arild; Taskjelle, Torbjørn; Tatarek, Agnieszka; Wiktor, Josef; Wagner, Penelope Mae; Wold, Anette; Steen, Harald; Granskog, Mats A. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2017-01-19)
      The Arctic icescape is rapidly transforming from a thicker multiyear ice cover to a thinner and largely seasonal first-year ice cover with significant consequences for Arctic primary production. One critical challenge is ...
    • A multi-decade record of high-quality fCO2 data in version 3 of the Surface Ocean CO2 Atlas (SOCAT) 

      Bakker, Dorothee C.E.; Pfeil, Benjamin; Landa, Camilla Stegen; Metzl, Nicolas; O'Brien, Kevin M.; Olsen, Are; Smith, Karl; Cosca, Cathy; Harasawa, Sumiko; Jones, Stephen Daniel; Nakaoka, Shin-Ichiro; Nojiri, Yukihiro; Schuster, Ute; Steinhoff, Tobias; Sweeney, Colm; Takahashi, Taro; Tilbrook, Bronte; Wada, Chisato; Wanninkhof, Rik; Alin, Simone R.; Balestrini, Carlos F.; Barbero, Leticia; Bates, Nicholas R.; Bianchi, Alejandro A.; Bonou, Frédéric; Boutin, Jacqueline; Bozec, Yann; Burger, Eugene F.; Cai, Wei-Jun; Castle, Robert D.; Chen, Liqi; Chierici, Melissa; Currie, Kim; Evans, Wiley; Featherstone, Charles; Feely, Richard A.; Fransson, Agneta Ingrid; Goyet, Catherine; Greenwood, Naomi; Gregor, Luke; Hankin, Steven; Hardman-Mountford, Nick J.; Harlay, Jérôme; Hauck, Judith; Hoppema, Mario; Humphreys, Matthew P.; Hunt, Christopher W.; Huss, Betty; Ibanhez, J. Severino P.; Johannessen, Truls; Keeling, Ralph; Kitidis, Vassilis; Körtzinger, Arne; Kozyr, Alex; Krasakopoulou, Evangelia; Kuwata, Akira; Landschützer, Peter; Lauvset, Siv Kari; Lefevre, Nathalie; Lo Monaco, Claire; Manke, Ansley; Mathis, Jeremy T.; Merlivat, Liliane; Millero, Frank J.; Monteiro, Pedro M.S.; Munro, David R.; Murata, Akihiko; Newberger, Timothy; Omar, Abdirahman; Ono, Tsuneo; Paterson, Kristina; Pearce, David A.; Pierrot, Denis; Robbins, Lisa L.; Saito, Shu; Salisbury, Joe; Schlitzer, Reiner; Schneider, Bernd; Schweitzer, Roland; Sieger, Rainer; Skjelvan, Ingunn; Sullivan, Kevin F.; Sutherland, Stewart C.; Sutton, Adrienne J.; Tadokoro, Kazuaki; Telszewski, Maciej; Tuma, Matthias; Van Heuven, Steven M.A.C.; Vandemark, Doug; Ward, Brian; Watson, Andrew J.; Xu, Suqing (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2016-09-15)
      The Surface Ocean CO2 Atlas (SOCAT) is a synthesis of quality-controlled fCO2 (fugacity of carbon dioxide) values for the global surface oceans and coastal seas with regular updates. Version 3 of SOCAT has 14.7 million ...
    • Phenology and Environmental Control of Phytoplankton Blooms in the Kong Håkon VII Hav in the Southern Ocean 

      Kauko, Hanna Maria; Hattermann, Tore; Ryan-Keogh, Thomas J.; Singh, Asmita; de Steur, Laura; Fransson, Agneta; Chierici, Melissa; Falkenhaug, Tone; Hallfredsson, Elvar H.; Bratbak, Gunnar; Tsagaraki, Tatiana Margo; Berge, Terje; Zhou, Qin; Moreau, Sebastien (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      Knowing the magnitude and timing of pelagic primary production is important for ecosystem and carbon sequestration studies, in addition to providing basic understanding of phytoplankton functioning. In this study we use ...
    • Rapid fCO2 rise in the northern Barents Sea and Nansen Basin 

      Ericson, Ylva; Fransson, Agneta; Chierici, Melissa; Jones, Elizabeth Marie; Skjelvan, Ingunn; Omar, Abdirahman; Olsen, Are; Becker, Meike (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2023)
      Maps of surface water fugacity of CO2 (fCO2) over eastern Fram Strait, south-western Nansen Basin, and the north-western Barents Sea (73–84°N, 5–46°E) from September 1997 to December 2020 were made and used to investigate ...
    • Seasonal dynamics of the marine CO2 system in Adventfjorden, a West Spitsbergen fjord 

      Ericson, Ylva; Chierici, Melissa; Falck, Eva; Fransson, Agneta Ingrid; Jones, Elizabeth Marie; Kristiansen, Svein (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019-06-11)
      Time series of the marine CO2 system and related parameters at the IsA Station, by Adventfjorden, Svalbard, were investigated between March 2015 and November 2017. The physical and biogeochemical processes that govern ...
    • Seasonality of the Physical and Biogeochemical Hydrography in the Inflow to the Arctic Ocean Through Fram Strait 

      Randelhoff, Achim; Reigstad, Marit; Chierici, Melissa; Sundfjord, Arild; Ivanov, Vladimir; Cape, Matthias; Vernet, Maria; Tremblay, Jean-Éric; Bratbak, Gunnar; Kristiansen, Svein (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2018-06-29)
      Eastern Fram Strait and the shelf slope region north of Svalbard is dominated by the advection of warm, salty and nutrient-rich Atlantic Water (AW). This oceanic heat contributes to keeping the area relatively free of ice. ...
    • Temporal variability in surface water pCO2 in Adventfjorden (West Spitsbergen) with emphasis on physical and biogeochemical drivers 

      Ericson, Ylva; Falck, Eva; Chierici, Melissa; Fransson, Agneta; Kristiansen, Svein; Platt, Stephen Matthew; Hermansen, Ove; Myhre, Cathrine Lund (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2018-07)
      Seasonal and interannual variability in surface water partial pressure of CO2 (pCO2) and air‐sea CO2 fluxes from a West Spitsbergen fjord (IsA Station, Adventfjorden) are presented, and the associated driving forces are ...
    • Thin and transient meltwater layers and false bottoms in the Arctic sea ice pack-Recent insights on these historically overlooked features 

      Smith, Madison M.; Muilwijk, Morven; Chierici, Melissa; Fer, Ilker; Fransson, Agneta; Gardner, Jessie; Granskog, Mats; Müller, Oliver; Salganik, Evgenii (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2023)
      The rapid melt of snow and sea ice during the Arctic summer provides a significant source of low-salinity meltwater to the surface ocean on the local scale. The accumulation of this meltwater on, under, and around sea ice ...
    • An update to the Surface Ocean CO2 Atlas (SOCAT version 2) 

      Bakker, Dorothee C.E.; Pfeil, Benjamin; Olsen, Are; Chierici, Melissa; Fransson, Agneta; Johannessen, Truls; Lauvset, Siv Kari; Skjelvan, Ingunn; Tjiputra, Jerry (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2014-03-07)
      The Surface Ocean CO2 Atlas (SOCAT), an activity of the international marine carbon research community, provides access to synthesis and gridded fCO2 (fugacity of carbon dioxide) products for the surface oceans. Version 2 ...
    • Wind-driven upwelling of iron sustains dense blooms and food webs in the eastern Weddell Gyre 

      Moreau, Sebastian; Hattermann, Tore; de Steur, Laura; Kauko, Hanna Maria; Ahonen, Heidi; Ardelan, Murat van; Assmy, Philipp; Chierici, Melissa; Descamps, Sebastien; Dinter, Tilman; Falkenhaug, Tone; Fransson, Agneta; Grønningsæter, Eirik; Hallfredsson, Elvar Halldor; Huhn, Oliver; Lebrun, Anais; Lowther, Andrew; Lübcker, Nico; Monteiro, Pedro; Peeken, Ilka; Roychoudhury, Alakendra; Różańska, Magdalena; Ryan-Keogh, Thomas; Sanchez Puerto, Nicolas; Singh, Asmita; Simonsen, Jan Henrik; Steiger, Nadine; Thomalla, Sandy J.; van Tonder, Andre; Wiktor, Josef M; Steen, Harald (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2023)
      The Southern Ocean is a major sink of anthropogenic CO2 and an important foraging area for top trophic level consumers. However, iron limitation sets an upper limit to primary productivity. Here we report on a considerably ...