• Association of adverse childhood experiences with the development of multiple sclerosis 

      Eid, Karine; Torkildsen, Øivind; Aarseth, Jan Harald; Aalstad, Mari; Bhan, Alok; Celius, Elisabeth Gulowsen; Cortese, Marianna; Daltveit, Anne Kjersti Nesje; Holmøy, Trygve; Myhr, Kjell-Morten; Riise, Trond; Schuler, Stephan; Torkildsen, Cecilie Fredvik; Wergeland, Stig; Gilhus, Nils Erik; Bjørk, Marte-Helene (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2022)
      Objective To study whether exposure to childhood emotional, sexual or physical abuse is associated with subsequent multiple sclerosis (MS) development. Methods A nationwide, prospective cohort study based on participants ...
    • Level of education and multiple sclerosis risk after adjustment for known risk factors: The EnvIMS study 

      Bjørnevik, Kjetil Lauvland; Riise, Trond; Cortese, Marianna; Holmøy, Trygve; Kampman, Margitta Theodora; Magalhaes, Sandra; Myhr, Kjell-Morten; Wolfson, Christina; Pugliatti, Maura (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2015-05-26)
      Background: Several recent studies have found a higher risk of multiple sclerosis (MS) among people with a low level of education. This has been suggested to reflect an effect of smoking and lower vitamin D status in the ...
    • The timing of environmental risk factors and prodromal signs of multiple sclerosis 

      Cortese, Marianna (Doctoral thesis, 2017-12-18)
      Background: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic demyelinating disorder of the central nervous system that can lead to severe disability. It is a complex disease likely caused by genetic and environmental factors combined. ...
    • Timing of use of cod liver oil, a vitamin D source, and multiple sclerosis risk: The EnvIMS study. 

      Cortese, Marianna; Riise, Trond; Bjørnevik, Kjetil Lauvland; Holmøy, Trygve; Kampman, Margitta Theodora; Magalhaes, Sandra; Pugliatti, Maura; Wolfson, Christina; Myhr, Kjell-Morten (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2015)
      Background: Low vitamin D levels have been associated with an increased risk of multiple sclerosis (MS), although it remains unknown whether this relationship varies by age. Objective: The objective of this paper is to ...