• Anterior cingulate gamma-aminobutyric acid concentrations and electroconvulsive therapy 

      Erchinger, Vera Jane; Miller, Jeremy; Jones, Thomas; Kessler, Ute; Bustillo, Juan R.; Haavik, Jan; Petrillo, Jonathan; Ziomek, Gregory; Hammar, Åsa; Ødegaard, Ketil Joachim; Calhoun, Vince D.; McClintock, Shawn M.; Ersland, Lars; Oltedal, Leif; Abbott, Christopher (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020-09-17)
      Objective The anticonvulsant hypothesis posits that ECT’s mechanism of action is related to enhancement of endogenous anticonvulsant brain mechanisms. Results of prior studies investigating the role of the inhibitory ...
    • The effect of electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) on serum tryptophan metabolites 

      Aarsland, Tore Ivar Malmei; Leskauskaite, Ieva; Midttun, Øivind; Ulvik, Arve; Ueland, Per Magne; Oltedal, Leif; Erchinger, Vera Jane; Ødegaard, Ketil Joachim; Haavik, Jan; Kessler, Ute (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019-05-31)
      Background: Prior studies suggest that activation of the tryptophan catabolism via the kynurenine pathway by proinflammatory cytokines may be involved in the pathophysiology of depression. Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) ...
    • Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy in Depressed Subjects Treated With Electroconvulsive Therapy—A Systematic Review of Literature 

      Erchinger, Vera Jane; Ersland, Lars; Aukland, Stein Magnus; Abbott, Christopher; Oltedal, Leif (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is considered to be the most effective acute treatment for otherwise treatment resistant major depressive episodes, and has been used for over 80 years. Still, the underlying mechanism of ...