• Deep-sea sponge grounds as nutrient sinks: Denitrification is common in boreo-Arctic sponges 

      Rooks, Christine; Fang, James Kar-Hei; Mørkved, Pål Tore; Zhao, Rui; Rapp v/dødsbo, Hans Tore; Xavier, Joana R; Hoffmann, Friederike (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020-03)
      Sponges are commonly known as general nutrient providers for the marine ecosystem, recycling organic matter into various forms of bioavailable nutrients such as ammonium and nitrate. In this study we challenge this view. ...
    • The response of a boreal deep-sea sponge holobiont to acute thermal stress 

      Strand, Roger; Whalan, Stephen; Webster, Nicole S.; Kutti, Tina; Fang, James Kar-Hei; Luter, Heidi M.; Bannister, Raymond (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2017-05-22)
      Effects of elevated seawater temperatures on deep-water benthos has been poorly studied, despite reports of increased seawater temperature (up to 4 °C over 24 hrs) coinciding with mass mortality events of the sponge Geodia ...