• Changes in parental smoking during pregnancy and risks of adverse birth outcomes and childhood overweight in Europe and North America: An individual participant data meta-analysis of 229,000 singleton births 

      Philips, Elise M.; Santos, Susana; Trasande, Leonardo; Aurrekoetxea, Juan J.; Barros, Henrique; von Berg, Andrea; Bergström, Anna; Bird, Philippa K.; Brescianini, Sonia; Chaoimh, Carol Ní; Charles, Marie-Aline; Chatzi, Leda; Chevrier, Cécile; Chrousos, George P.; Costet, Nathalie; Criswell, Rachel Louise; Crozier, Sarah; Eggesbø, Merete Åse; Fantini, Maria Pia; Farchi, Sara; Forastiere, Francesco; van Gelder, Marleen M.H.J.; Georgiu, Vagelis; Godfrey, Keith M.; Gori, Davide; Hanke, Wojciech; Heude, Barbara; Hryhorczuk, Daniel; Iñiguez, Carmen; Inskip, Hazel M.; Karvonen, Anne M.; Kenny, Louise C.; Kull, Inger; Lawlor, Debbie A.; Lehmann, Irina; Magnus, Per; Manios, Yannis; Melén, Erik; Mommers, Monique; Morgen, Camilla Schmidt; Moschonis, George; Murray, Deirdre; Nohr, Ellen A.; Nybo Andersen, Anne-Marie; Oken, Emily; Oostvogels, Adriëtte J.J.M.; Papadopoulou, Eleni Zoumpoulia; Pekkanen, Juha; Pizzi, Costanza; Polanska, Kinga; Porta, Daniela; Richiardi, Lorenzo; Rifas-Shiman, Sheryl L.; Roeleveld, Nel; Rusconi, Franca; Santos, Ana C.; Sørensen, Thorkild I.A.; Standl, Marie; Stoltenberg, Camilla; Sunyer, Jordi; Thiering, Elisabeth; Thijs, Carel; Torrent, Maties; Vrijkotte, Tanja G.M.; Wright, John; Zvinchuk, Oleksandr; Gaillard, Romy; Jaddoe, Vincent W.V. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Background Fetal smoke exposure is a common and key avoidable risk factor for birth complications and seems to influence later risk of overweight. It is unclear whether this increased risk is also present if mothers smoke ...
    • Fetal Liver Blood Flow Distribution: Role in Human Developmental Strategy to Prioritize Fat Deposition versus Brain Development 

      Godfrey, Keith M.; Haugen, Guttorm; Kiserud, Torvid; Inskip, Hazel M.; Cooper, Cyrus; The Southampton Women's Survey Study Group (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2012-08-22)
      Among primates, human neonates have the largest brains but also the highest proportion of body fat. If placental nutrient supply is limited, the fetus faces a dilemma: should resources be allocated to brain growth, or to ...
    • Fetal size in the second trimester is associated with the duration of pregnancy, small fetuses having longer pregnancies 

      Johnsen, Synnøve Lian; Wilsgaard, Tom; Rasmussen, Svein; Hanson, Mark A.; Godfrey, Keith M.; Kiserud, Torvid (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2008-07-16)
      Background: Conventionally, the pregnancy duration is accepted to be 280–282 days. Fetuses determined by ultrasound biometry to be small in early pregnancy, have an increased risk of premature birth. We speculate that the ...