• Eemian Greenland SMB strongly sensitive to model choice 

      Plach, Andreas; Nisancioglu, Kerim Hestnes; Le clec'h, Sebastien; Born, Andreas; Langebroek, Petra; Guo, Chuncheng; Imhof, Michael; Stocker, Thomas F. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2018-10-19)
      Understanding the behavior of the Greenland ice sheet in a warmer climate, and particularly its surface mass balance (SMB), is important for assessing Greenland’s potential contribution to future sea level rise. The Eemian ...
    • Equilibrium simulations of Marine Isotope Stage 3 climate 

      Guo, Chuncheng; Nisancioglu, Kerim Hestnes; Bentsen, Mats; Bethke, Ingo; Zhang, Zhongshi (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019-06-26)
      An equilibrium simulation of Marine Isotope Stage 3 (MIS3) climate with boundary conditions characteristic of Greenland Interstadial 8 (GI-8; 38 kyr BP) is carried out with the Norwegian Earth System Model (NorESM). A ...
    • Evaluating the large-scale hydrological cycle response within the Pliocene Model Intercomparison Project Phase 2 (PlioMIP2) ensemble 

      Han, Zixuan; Zhang, Qiong; Li, Qiang; Feng, Ran; Haywood, Alan M.; Tindall, Julia C.; Hunter, Stephen J.; Otto-Bliesner, Bette L.; Brady, Esther C.; Rosenbloom, Nan; Zhang, Zhongshi; Li, Xiangyu; Guo, Chuncheng; Nisancioglu, Kerim Hestnes; Stepanek, Christian; Lohmann, Gerrit; Sohl, Linda E.; Chandler, Mark A.; Tan, Ning; Ramstein, Gilles; Baatsen, Michiel L. J.; Von Der Heydt, Anna S.; Chandan, Deepak; Peltier, W. Richard; Williams, Charles J. R.; Lunt, Daniel J.; Cheng, Jianbo; Wen, Qin; Burls, Natalie J. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      The mid-Pliocene (∼3 Ma) is one of the most recent warm periods with high CO2 concentrations in the atmosphere and resulting high temperatures, and it is often cited as an analog for near-term future climate change. Here, ...
    • Large-scale features of Last Interglacial climate: results from evaluating the lig127k simulations for the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project (CMIP6)–Paleoclimate Modeling Intercomparison Project (PMIP4) 

      Otto-Bliesner, Bette L.; Brady, Esther C.; Zhao, Anni; Brierley, Chris M.; Axford, Yarrow; Capron, Emilie; Govin, Aline; Hoffman, Jeremy S.; Isaacs, Elizabeth; Kageyama, Masa; Scussolini, Paolo; Tzedakis, Polychronis C.; Williams, Charles J.R.; Wolff, Eric W.; Abe-Ouchi, Ayako; Braconnot, Pascale; Ramos Buarque, Silvana; Cao, Jian; de Vernal, Anne; Vittoria Guarino, Maria; Guo, Chuncheng; Legrande, Allegra N.; Lohmann, Gerrit; Meissner, Katrin J.; Menviel, Laurie; Morozova, Polina A.; Nisancioglu, Kerim H.; O'Ishi, Ryouta; Mélia, David Salas Y.; Shi, Xaoxu; Sicard, Marie; Sime, Louise C.; Stepanek, Christian; Tomas, Robert A.; Volodin, Evgeny; Yeung, Nicholas K.H.; Zhang, Qiong; Zhang, Zhongshi; Zheng, Weipeng (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      The modeling of paleoclimate, using physically based tools, is increasingly seen as a strong out-of-sample test of the models that are used for the projection of future climate changes. New to the Coupled Model Intercomparison ...
    • Mid-Pliocene Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation simulated in PlioMIP2 

      Zhang, Zhongshi; Li, Xiangyu; Guo, Chuncheng; Otterå, Odd Helge; Nisancioglu, Kerim Hestnes; Tan, Ning; Contoux, Camille; Ramstein, Gilles; Feng, Ran; Otto-Bliesner, Bette L.; Brady, Esther C.; Chandan, Deepak; Richard Peltier, Peltier; Baatsen, Michiel L. J.; Von Der Heydt, Anna S.; Weiffenbach, Julia E.; Stepanek, Christian; Lohmann, Gerrit; Zhang, Qiong; Li, Qiang; Chandler, Mark A.; Sohl, Linda E.; Haywood, Alan M.; Hunter, Stephen J.; Tindall, Julia C.; Williams, Charles; Lunt, Daniel J.; Chan, Wing-Le; Abe-Ouchi, Ayako (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      In the Pliocene Model Intercomparison Project Phase 2 (PlioMIP2), coupled climate models have been used to simulate an interglacial climate during the mid-Piacenzian warm period (mPWP; 3.264 to 3.025 Ma). Here, we compare ...
    • Mid-Pliocene West African Monsoon rainfall as simulated in the PlioMIP2 ensemble 

      Berntell, Ellen; Zhang, Qiong; Li, Qiang; Haywood, Alan M.; Tindall, Julia C.; Hunter, Stephen J.; Zhang, Zhongshi; Xiangyu, Li; Guo, Chuncheng; Nisancioglu, Kerim Hestnes; Stepanek, Christian; Lohmann, Gerrit; Sohl, Linda E.; Chandler, Mark A.; Tan, Ning; Contoux, Camille; Ramstein, Gilles; Baatsen, Michiel L. J.; von der Heydt, Anna S.; Chandan, Deepak; Peltier, W. Richard; Abe-Ouchi, Ayako; Chan, Wing-Le; Kamae, Youichi; Williams, Charles J. R.; Lunt, Daniel J.; Feng, Ran; Otto-Bliesner, Bette L.; Brady, Esther C. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      The mid-Pliocene warm period (mPWP; ∼3.2 million years ago) is seen as the most recent time period characterized by a warm climate state, with similar to modern geography and ∼400 ppmv atmospheric CO2 concentration, and ...
    • A multi-model CMIP6-PMIP4 study of Arctic sea ice at 127 ka: sea ice data compilation and model differences 

      Kageyama, Masa; Sime, Louise C.; Sicard, Marie; Guarino, Maria-Vittoria; De Vernal, A; Stein, Ruediger; Schroeder, david; Malmierca-Vallet, Irene; Abe-Ouchi, Ayako; Bitz, Cecilia M.; Braconnot, Pascale; Brady, Esther C.; Cao, Jian; Chamberlain, Matthew; Feltham, Danny; Guo, Chuncheng; Legrande, Allegra N.; Lohmann, Gerrit; Meissner, Katrin; Menviel, Laurie; Nisancioglu, Kerim Hestnes; Otto-Bliesner, Bette L.; O'ishi, Ryouta; Ramos Buarque, Silvan; Salas y Mélia, David; Sherriff-Tadano, Sam; Stroeve, Julienne C.; Shi, Xiaoxu; Sun, Bo; Thomas, Robert; Volodin, Evgeny; Yeung, Nicholas K.H.; Zhang, Qiong; Zhang, Zhongshi; Zheng, Weipeng; Ziehn, Tilo (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      The Last Interglacial period (LIG) is a period with increased summer insolation at high northern latitudes, which results in strong changes in the terrestrial and marine cryosphere. Understanding the mechanisms for this ...
    • NorCPM1 and its contribution to CMIP6 DCPP 

      Bethke, Ingo; Wang, Yiguo; Counillon, Francois Stephane; Keenlyside, Noel Sebastian; Kimmritz, Madlen; Fransner, Filippa; Samuelsen, Annette; Langehaug, Helene R.; Svendsen, Lea; Chiu, Ping-Gin; Passos, Leilane G.; Bentsen, Mats; Guo, Chuncheng; Gupta, Alok Kumar; Tjiputra, Jerry; Kirkevåg, Alf; Oliviè, Dirk Jan Leo; Seland, Øyvind; Vågane, Julie Solsvik; Fan, Yuanchao; Eldevik, Tor (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      The Norwegian Climate Prediction Model version 1 (NorCPM1) is a new research tool for performing climate reanalyses and seasonal-to-decadal climate predictions. It combines the Norwegian Earth System Model version 1 (NorESM1) ...
    • On the modulation of the periodicity of the Faroe Bank Channel overflow instabilities 

      Darelius, Elin Maria K.; Fer, Ilker; Rasmussen, Till; Guo, Chuncheng; Larsen, Karin Margretha Húsgarð (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2015-10-26)
      The Faroe Bank Channel (FBC) is one of the ma- jor pathways where dense, cold water formed in the Nordic Seas flows southward as a bottom-attached energetic plume towards the North Atlantic. The plume region downstream of ...
    • Overview of the Norwegian Earth System Model (NorESM2) and key climate response of CMIP6 DECK, historical, and scenario simulations 

      Seland, Øyvind; Bentsen, Mats; Oliviè, Dirk Jan Leo; Toniazzo, Thomas; Gjermundsen, Ada; Graff, Lise Seland; Debernard, Jens Boldingh; Gupta, Alok Kumar; He, Yan-Chun; Kirkevåg, Alf; Schwinger, Jörg; Tjiputra, Jerry; Aas, Kjetil Schanke; Bethke, Ingo; Fan, Yuanchao; Griesfeller, Jan; Grini, Alf; Guo, Chuncheng; Ilicak, Mehmet; Karset, Inger Helene H.; Landgren, Oskar Andreas; Liakka, Johan; Moseid, Kine Onsum; Nummelin, Aleksi; Spensberger, Clemens; Tang, Hui; Zhang, Zhongshi; Heinze, Christoph; Iversen, Trond; Schulz, Michael (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020-12)
      The second version of the coupled Norwegian Earth System Model (NorESM2) is presented and evaluated. NorESM2 is based on the second version of the Community Earth System Model (CESM2) and shares with CESM2 the computer ...
    • Reduced El Niño variability in the mid-Pliocene according to the PlioMIP2 ensemble 

      Oldeman, Arthur M.; Baatsen, Michiel L. J.; Von Der Heydt, Anna S.; Dijkstra, Henk A.; Tindall, Julia C.; Abe-Ouchi, Ayako; Booth, Alice R.; Brady, Esther C.; Chan, Wing-Le; Chandan, Deepak; Chandler, Mark A.; Contoux, Camille; Feng, Ran; Guo, Chuncheng; Haywood, Alan M.; Hunter, Stephen J.; Kamae, Youichi; Li, Qiang; Li, Xiangyu; Lohmann, Gerrit; Lunt, Daniel J.; Nisancioglu, Kerim Hestnes; Otto-Bliesner, Bette L.; Peltier, W. Richard; Pontes, Gabriel M.; Ramstein, Gilles; Sohl, Linda E.; Stepanek, Christian; Tan, Ning; Zhang, Qiong; Zhang, Zhongshi; Wainer, Ilana; Williams, Charles J. R. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      The mid-Pliocene warm period (3.264–3.025 Ma) is the most recent geological period during which atmospheric CO2 levels were similar to recent historical values (∼400 ppm). Several proxy reconstructions for the mid-Pliocene ...