• 230Th Normalization: New Insights on an Essential Tool for Quantifying Sedimentary Fluxes in the Modern and Quaternary Ocean 

      Costa, Kassandra M.; Hayes, Christopher T.; Anderson, Robert F.; Pavia, Frank J.; Bausch, Alexandra; Deng, Feifei; Dutay, Jean-Claude; Geibert, Walter; Heinze, Christoph; Henderson, Gideon M.; Hillaire-Marcel, Claude; Hoffmann, Sharon; Jaccard, Samuel L.; Jacobel, Allison W.; Kienast, Stephanie S.; Kipp, Lauren; Lerner, Paul; Lippold, Jörg; Lund, David; Marcantonio, Franco; McGee, David; McManus, Jerry F.; Mekik, Figen; Middleton, Jennifer L.; Missiaen, Lise; Not, Christelle; Pichat, Sylvain; Robinson, Laura F.; Rowland, George H.; Roy‐Barman, Matthieu; Tagliabue, Alessandro; Torfstein, Adi; Winckler, Gisela; Zhou, Yuxin (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020-01)
      230Th normalization is a valuable paleoceanographic tool for reconstructing high‐resolution sediment fluxes during the late Pleistocene (last ~500,000 years). As its application has expanded to ever more diverse marine ...
    • Coupled Al-Si geochemistry in an ocean general circulation model: A tool for the validation of oceanic dust deposition fields? 

      Gehlen, M.; Heinze, Christoph; Maier-Reimer, E.; Measures, C. I. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2003-03-19)
      We introduced the marine cycle of Al into a geochemical ocean general circulation model in order to assess the potential of modeled surface ocean dissolved Al as a tracer for dust input to the world ocean. The geochemical ...
    • Current systematic carbon-cycle observations and the need for implementing a policy-relevant carbon observing system 

      Ciais, Philippe; Dolman, AJ; Bombelli, A; Duren, R; Peregon, A; Rayner, PJ; Miller, C; Gobron, N; Kinderman, G; Marland, G; Gruber, N; Chevallier, F; Andres, RJ; Balsamo, G; Bopp, L; Breon, F-M; Broquet, G; Dargaville, R; Battin, TJ; Borges, A; Bovensmann, H; Buchwitz, M; Butler, J; Canadell, JG; Cook, RB; Defries, R; Engelen, R; Gurney, KR; Heinze, Christoph; Heimann, M; Held, A; Henry, M; Law, B; Luyssaert, S; Miller, J; Moriyama, T; Moulin, C; Myneni, RB; Nussli, C; Obersteiner, M; Ojima, D; Pan, Y; Paris, J-D; Piao, SL; Poulter, B; Plummer, S; Quegan, S; Raymond, P; Reichstein, M; Rivier, L; Sabine, C; Schimel, D; Tarasova, O; Valentini, R; Wang, R; Van, Der,Werf,G; Wickland, D; Williams, M; Zehner, C (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2014-07-03)
      A globally integrated carbon observation and analysis system is needed to improve the fundamental understanding of the global carbon cycle, to improve our ability to project future changes, and to verify the effectiveness ...
    • ESD Reviews: Climate feedbacks in the Earth system and prospects for their evaluation 

      Heinze, Christoph; Eyring, Veronika; Friedlingstein, Pierre; Jones, Colin; Balkanski, Yves; Collins, William; Fichefet, Thierry; Gao, Shuang; Hall, Alex; Ivanova, Detelina; Knorr, Wolfgang; Knutti, Reto; Löw, Alexander; Ponater, Michael; Schultz, Martin G.; Schulz, Michael; Siebesma, Pier; Teixeira, Joao; Tselioudis, George; Vancoppenolle, Martin (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019)
      Earth system models (ESMs) are key tools for providing climate projections under different scenarios of human-induced forcing. ESMs include a large number of additional processes and feedbacks such as biogeochemical cycles ...
    • Long-term surface pCO2 trends from observations and models 

      Tjiputra, Jerry; Olsen, Are; Bopp, Laurent; Lenton, Andrew; Pfeil, Benjamin; Roy, Tilla; Segschneider, Joachim; Totterdell, Ian; Heinze, Christoph (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2014-05-19)
      We estimate regional long-term surface ocean pCO2 growth rates using all available underway and bottled biogeochemistry data collected over the past four decades. These observed regional trends are compared with those ...
    • A model study of the seasonal and long-term North Atlantic surface pCO(2) variability 

      Tjiputra, Jerry; Olsen, Are; Assmann, Karen Margarete; Pfeil, Benjamin; Heinze, Christoph (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2012-03-05)
      A coupled biogeochemical-physical ocean model is used to study the seasonal and long–term variations of surface pCO2 in the North Atlantic Ocean. The model agrees well with recent underway pCO2 observations from the Surface ...
    • The ocean carbon sink - impacts, vulnerabilities and challenges 

      Heinze, Christoph; Meyer, Stefanie; Goris, Nadine; Anderson, Leif; Steinfeldt, Rainer; Chang, Nicolette; Le Quéré, Corinne; Bakker, Dorothée C.E. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2015-06-09)
      Carbon dioxide (CO2) is, next to water vapour, considered to be the most important natural greenhouse gas on Earth. Rapidly rising atmospheric CO2 concentrations caused by human actions such as fossil fuel burning, land-use ...
    • On the potential of 230Th, 231Pa, and 10Be for marine rain ratio determinations: A modeling study 

      Heinze, Christoph; Gehlen, M.; Land, C. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2006-06-16)
      The global distributions of the radionuclides 230Th, 231Pa, and 10Be are simulated with a biogeochemical ocean general circulation model. Sensitivity experiments for changes in the composition of the particle composition ...
    • Overview of the Norwegian Earth System Model (NorESM2) and key climate response of CMIP6 DECK, historical, and scenario simulations 

      Seland, Øyvind; Bentsen, Mats; Oliviè, Dirk Jan Leo; Toniazzo, Thomas; Gjermundsen, Ada; Graff, Lise Seland; Debernard, Jens Boldingh; Gupta, Alok Kumar; He, Yan-Chun; Kirkevåg, Alf; Schwinger, Jörg; Tjiputra, Jerry; Aas, Kjetil Schanke; Bethke, Ingo; Fan, Yuanchao; Griesfeller, Jan; Grini, Alf; Guo, Chuncheng; Ilicak, Mehmet; Karset, Inger Helene H.; Landgren, Oskar Andreas; Liakka, Johan; Moseid, Kine Onsum; Nummelin, Aleksi; Spensberger, Clemens; Tang, Hui; Zhang, Zhongshi; Heinze, Christoph; Iversen, Trond; Schulz, Michael (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020-12)
      The second version of the coupled Norwegian Earth System Model (NorESM2) is presented and evaluated. NorESM2 is based on the second version of the Community Earth System Model (CESM2) and shares with CESM2 the computer ...
    • Projected pH reductions by 2100 might put deep North Atlantic biodiversity at risk 

      Gehlen, Marion; Séférian, Roland; Jones, Daniel O.B.; Roy, Tilla; Roth, Raphael; Barry, James P.; Bopp, Laurent; Doney, Scott C.; Dunne, John P.; Heinze, Christoph; Joos, Fortunat; Orr, James C.; Resplandy, Laure; Segschneider, Joachim; Tjiputra, Jerry (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2014-12-11)
      This study aims to evaluate the potential for impacts of ocean acidification on North Atlantic deep-sea ecosystems in response to IPCC AR5 Representative Concentration Pathways (RCPs). Deep-sea biota is likely highly ...
    • Sensitivity of the marine biospheric Si cycle for biogeochemical parameter variations 

      Heinze, Christoph; Hupe, A.; Maier-Reimer, E.; Dittert, N.; Ragueneau, O. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2003-09-06)
      A systematic quantitative assessment of the marine silicon cycle is presented, based on a prognostic coupled water column-sediment global biogeochemical ocean general circulation model (HAMOCC). The resulting tracer ...
    • Southern Ocean controls of the vertical marine δ13C gradient – a modelling study 

      Morée, Anne; Schwinger, Jörg; Heinze, Christoph (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2018-12-04)
      δ 13 C, the standardised 13C/12C ratio expressed in per mille, is a widely used ocean tracer to study changes in ocean circulation, water mass ventilation, atmospheric pCO2, and the biological carbon pump on timescales ...
    • Surface Ocean CO2 Atlas (SOCAT) gridded data products 

      Sabine, C. L.; Hankin, S.; Koyuk, H.; Bakker, D. C. E.; Pfeil, Benjamin; Olsen, Are; Metzl, N.; Kozyr, A.; Fassbender, A.; Manke, A.; Malczyk, J.; Akl, J.; Alin, S. R.; Bellerby, Richard; Borges, A.; Boutin, J.; Brown, P. J.; Cai, W.-J.; Chavez, F. P.; Chen, A.; Cosca, C.; Feely, R. A.; González-Dávila, M.; Goyet, C.; Hardman-Mountford, N.; Heinze, Christoph; Hoppema, M.; Hunt, C. W.; Hydes, D.; Ishii, M.; Johannessen, Truls; Key, R.M.; Körtzinger, A.; Landschützer, P.; Lauvset, Siv Kari; Lefévre, N.; Lenton, A.; Lourantou, A.; Merlivat, L.; Midorikawa, T.; Mintrop, L.; Miyazaki, C.; Murata, A.; Nakadate, A.; Nakano, Y.; Nakaoka, S.; Nojiri, Y.; Omar, Abdirahman; Padin, X. A.; Park, G.-H.; Paterson, K.; Perez, F. F.; Pierrot, D.; Poisson, A.; Rios, A.F.; Salisbury, J.; Santana-Casiano, J. M:; Sarma, V. V. S. S.; Schlitzer, R.; Schneider, B.; Schutser, U.; Sieger, R.; Skjelvan, Ingunn; Steinhoff, T.; Suzuki, T.; Takahashi, T.; Tedesco, K.; Telszewski, M.; Thomas, H.; Tilbrook, B.; Vandemark, D.; Veness, T.; Watson, A. J.; Weiss, R.; Wong, C.S.; Yoshikawa-Inoue, H. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2013-04-04)
      As a response to public demand for a well-documented, quality controlled, publically available, global surface ocean carbon dioxide (CO2) data set, the international marine carbon science community developed the Surface ...
    • A uniform, quality controlled Surface Ocean CO2 Atlas (SOCAT) 

      Pfeil, Benjamin; Olsen, Are; Bakker, D. C. E.; Hankin, S.; Koyuk, H.; Kozyr, A.; Malczyk, J.; Manke, A.; Metzl, N.; Sabine, C. L.; Akl, J.; Alin, S. R.; Bates, N.; Bellerby, Richard; Borges, A.; Boutin, J.; Brown, P. J.; Cai, W.-J.; Chavez, F. P.; Chen, A.; Cosca, C.; Fassbender, A.; Feely, R. A.; González-Dávila, M.; Goyet, C.; Hales, B.; Hardman-Mountford, N.; Heinze, Christoph; Hood, M.; Hoppema, M.; Hunt, C. W.; Hydes, D.; Ishii, M.; Johannessen, Truls; Jones, S. D.; Key, R. M.; Körtzinger, A.; Landschützer, P.; Lauvset, Siv Kari; Lefèvre, N.; Lenton, A.; Lourantou, A.; Merlivat, L.; Midorikawa, T.; Mintrop, L.; Miyazaki, C.; Murata, A.; Nakadate, A.; Nakano, Y.; Nakaoka, S.; Nojiri, Y.; Omar, Abdirahman; Padin, X. A.; Park, H.; Paterson, K.; Perez, F. F.; Pierrot, D.; Poisson, A.; Rios, A.F.; Santana-Casiano, J. M.; Salisbury, J.; Sarma, V. V. S. S.; Schlitzer, R.; Schneider, B.; Schuster, U.; Sieger, R.; Skjelvan, Ingunn; Steinhoff, T.; Suzuki, T.; Takahashi, T.; Tedesco, K.; Telszewski, M.; Thomas, H.; Tilbrook, B.; Tjiputra, Jerry; Vandemark, D.; Veness, T.; Wanninkhof, R.; Watson, A. J.; Weiss, R.; Wong, C.S.; Yoshikawa-Inoue, H. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2013)
      A well-documented, publicly available, global data set of surface ocean carbon dioxide (CO2) parameters has been called for by international groups for nearly two decades. The Surface Ocean CO2 Atlas (SOCAT) project was ...