• Adequate Urinary Iodine Concentration among Infants in the Inland Area of Norway 

      Bakken, Kjersti Sletten; Aarsland, Tonje Eiane; Groufh-Jacobsen, Synne; Solvik, Beate Stokke; Gjengedal, Elin Lovise Folven; Henjum, Sigrun; Strand, Tor Arne (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      Considering the importance of iodine to support optimal growth and neurological development of the brain and central nervous system, this study aimed to assess and evaluate iodine status in Norwegian infants. We collected ...
    • Associations between thyroid dysfunction and developmental status in children with excessive iodine status 

      Aakre, Inger; Strand, Tor A; Moubarek, Khalil; Barikmo, Ingrid; Henjum, Sigrun (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2017-11-22)
      Background and objective: Adequate iodine status and normal thyroid hormone synthesis are important for optimal child development. In this study, we explored whether young children’s developmental status is associated with ...
    • Commercially available kelp and seaweed products – valuable iodine source or risk of excess intake? 

      Aakre, Inger; Solli, Dina Doblaug; Markhus, Maria Wik; Mæhre, Hanne K; Dahl, Lisbeth; Henjum, Sigrun; Alexander, Jan; Korneliussen, Patrick-Andre; Madsen, Lise; Kjellevold, Marian (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      Background: Seaweeds and kelps, also known as macroalgae, have long been common in the East-Asian diet. During recent years, macroalgae have entered the global food market, and a variety of macroalgae products are now ...
    • Data quality and practical challenges of thyroid volume assessment by ultrasound under field conditions - observer errors may affect prevalence estimates of goitre 

      Henjum, Sigrun; Strand, Tor A.; Torheim, Liv E.; Oshaug, Arne; Parr, Christine L. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2010-12-14)
      Background The ultrasonographic estimation of thyroid size has been advocated as being more precise than palpation to diagnose goitre. However, ultrasound also requires technical proficiency. This study was conducted among ...
    • Engagement in agriculture protects againstfood insecurity and malnutrition in peri-urban Nepal 

      Moucheraud, Corrina; Chandyo, Ram Krishna; Henjum, Sigrun; Strand, Tor A; Ulak, Manjeswori; Fawzi, Wafaie W.; Locks, Lindsey; Webb, Patrick; Thorne-Lyman, Andrew L. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019)
      Background: Urbanization is occurring rapidly in many low- and middle-income countries, which may affect households’ livelihoods, diet, and food security and nutritional outcomes. Objective: The main objective of our study ...
    • Erythrocyte DHA and AA in infancy is not associated with general development five years later in Nepalese children 

      Henjum, Sigrun; Kvestad, Ingrid; Shrestha, Merina; Ulak, Manjeswori; Chandyo, Ram K.; Thorne-Lyman, Andrew L.; Shrestha, Prakash S.; Kjellevold, Marian; Hysing, Mari; Strand, Tor A. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2018-07-19)
      Background Long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCPUFA) especially docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) and arachidonic acid (AA) are crucial for normal brain development in utero and in early infancy. Data on fatty acid status ...
    • Infant feeding practices in the Saharawirefugee camps Algeria, a cross-sectionalstudy among children from birth to sixmonths of age 

      Aakre, Inger; Lilleengen, Anne-Marie; Lerseth Aarsand, Marie; Strand, Tor A.; Barikmo, Ingrid; Henjum, Sigrun (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2017-01-28)
      Background: Appropriate breastfeeding and infant feeding practices are crucial to a child’s growth and development. The objective of this paper is to describe breastfeeding and general feeding practices and the nutrition ...
    • Iodine concentration in breastmilk and urine among lactating women of Bhaktapur, Nepal 

      Henjum, Sigrun; Malde, Marian Kjellevold; Ulak, Manjeswori; Chandyo, Ram Krishna; Shrestha, Prakash Sunder; Frøyland, Livar; Strydom, Emmerentia E.; Dhansay, Muhammed A.; Strand, Tor A (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2016-04-28)
      Adequate iodine concentration in breastmilk (BMIC) is essential for optimal neonatal thyroid hormone synthesis and neurological development in breastfed infants. For many decades, iodine deficiency has been a public health ...
    • Iodine status and thyroid function in a group of seaweed consumers in Norway 

      Aakre, Inger; Evensen, Lidunn Tveito; Kjellevold, Marian; Dahl, Lisbeth; Henjum, Sigrun; Alexander, Jan; Madsen, Lise; Markhus, Maria Wik (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Seaweeds, or macroalgae, may be a good dietary iodine source but also a source of excessive iodine intake. The main aim in this study was to describe the iodine status and thyroid function in a group of macroalgae consumers. ...
    • Low Prevalence of Vitamin D Insufficiency among Nepalese Infants Despite High Prevalence of Vitamin D Insufficiency among Their Mothers 

      Haugen, Johanne; Ulak, Manjeswori; Chandyo, Ram Krishna; Henjum, Sigrun; Thorne-Lyman, Andrew; Ueland, Per Magne; Midtun, Øivind; Shrestha, Prakash Sunder; Strand, Tor A (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2016-12-21)
      Background: Describing vitamin D status and its predictors in various populations is important in order to target public health measures. Objectives: To describe the status and predictors of vitamin D status in healthy ...
    • The prevalence of anemia and iron deficiency is more common in breastfed infants than their mothers in Bhaktapur, Nepal 

      Chandyo, Ram Krishna; Henjum, Sigrun; Ulak, Manjeswori; Thorne-Lyman, Andrew L; Ulvik, Rune Johan; Shrestha, Prakash Sunder; Locks, Lindsey; Fawzi, Wafaie W.; Strand, Tor A. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2015)
      Background/Objectives: Iron deficiency anemia is a widespread public health problem, particularly in low- and middle-income countries. Maternal iron status around and during pregnancy may influence infant iron status. We ...
    • Thyroid function among breastfed children with chronically excessive iodine intakes 

      Aakre, Inger; Strand, Tor A; Bjøro, Trine; Nordheim, Ingrid; Barikmo, Ingrid; Ares, Susana; Alcorta, Marta Duque; Henjum, Sigrun (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2016-06-28)
      Iodine excess may impair thyroid function and trigger adverse health consequences for children. This study aims to describe iodine status among breastfed infants with high iodine exposure in the Saharawi refugee camps ...
    • Tracking of infant and young child feeding practices among 9- to 24 month-old children in Nepal: the MAL-ED Birth Cohort Study 

      Morseth, Marianne S.; Torheim, Liv Elin; Gebremariam, Mekdes Kebede; Chandyo, Ram Krishna; Ulak, Manjeswori; Shrestha, Sanjaya Kumar; Shrestha, Binob; Henjum, Sigrun (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2017-10-17)
      Objective: The present study aimed to assess infant and young child feeding (IYCF) practices and the tracking of dietary diversity score (DDS), intakes of Fe- and vitamin A-rich foods and meal frequency in a peri-urban ...
    • Vitamin B12 concentrations in milk from Norwegian women during the six first months of lactation 

      Henjum, Sigrun; Manger, Mari Skar; Hampel, Daniela; Brantsæter, Anne Lise; Shahab-Ferdows, Setareh; Bastani, Nasser Ezzatkhah; Strand, Tor A; Refsum, Helga; Allen, Lindsay H. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Background: Human milk vitamin B12 (B12) concentrations depend on maternal status and intake; only few data are available in high-income countries. Objective: We assessed human milk B12 concentrations during the first 6 ...
    • Vitamin status among breastfed infants in Bhaktapur, Nepal 

      Ulak, Manjeswori; Chandyo, Ram Krishna; Thorne-Lyman, Andrew L.; Henjum, Sigrun; Ueland, Per Magne; Midttun, Øivind; Shrestha, Prakash S.; Fawzi, Wafaie W.; Graybill, Lauren; Strand, Tor A (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2016-03-08)
      Vitamin deficiencies are known to be common among infants residing in low- and middle-income countries but relatively few studies have assessed several biochemical parameters simultaneously. The objective of the study was ...