• The asymmetric geospace as displayed during the geomagnetic storm on 17 August 2001 

      Østgaard, Nikolai; Reistad, Jone Peter; Tenfjord, Paul; Laundal, Karl Magnus; Rexer, Theresa; Haaland, Stein; Snekvik, Kristian; Hesse, Michael; Milan, Stephen Eric; Ohma, Anders (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2018-11-29)
      Previous studies have shown that conjugate auroral features are displaced in the two hemispheres when the interplanetary magnetic field (IMF) has a transverse (Y) component. It has also been shown that a BY component is ...
    • Effects of the guide field on electron distribution functions in the diffusion region of asymmetric reconnection 

      Bessho, Naoki; Chen, Lijen; Wang, Shan; Hesse, Michael (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019)
      Crescent electron distribution functions in the electron diffusion region in asymmetric reconnection with a guide field (strength less than 50% of the upstream magnetic field) are investigated by theory and fully kinetic ...
    • Estimating the Rate of Cessation of Magnetospheric Activity in AMPERE Field‐Aligned Currents 

      Moretto, T; Hesse, Michael; Vennerstrøm, Susanne; Tenfjord, Paul (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2018-12)
      The decay of magnetospheric activity when driving is turned off (to a minimum) was measured in total field‐aligned current estimates from the Active Magnetosphere and Planetary Electrodynamics Response Experiment (AMPERE) ...
    • High‐density O+ in Earth's outer magnetosphere and its effect on dayside magnetopause magnetic reconnection 

      Fuselier, SA; Mukherjee, J; Denton, MH; Petrinec, SM; Trattner, K.J.; Toledo-Redondo, S; Andre, M; Aunai, N; Chappell, Charles Richard; Glocer, Alex; Haaland, S.; Hesse, Michael; Kistler, LM; Lavraud, B; Li, WY; Moore, T. E.; Graham, D; Tenfjord, Paul; Dargent, J.; Vines, Sarah K.; Strangeway, Robert J.; Burch, J. L. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019)
      The warm plasma cloak is a source of magnetospheric plasma that contain significant O+. When the O+ density in the magnetosphere near the magnetopause is >0.2 cm‐3 and the H+ density is <1.5 cm‐3, then O+ dominates the ...
    • The Impact of Oxygen on the Reconnection Rate 

      Tenfjord, Paul; Hesse, Michael; Norgren, Astrid Elisabet Cecilia; Spinnangr, Susanne Flø; Kolstø, Håkon Midthun (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019-05-29)
      We investigate the role of a background oxygen population in magnetic reconnection, using particle‐in‐cell simulations. We run several simulations, with different initial oxygen temperatures and densities, to understand ...
    • Ion Behaviors in the Reconnection Diffusion Region of a Corrugated Magnetotail Current Sheet 

      Wang, Shan; Chen, Li-Jen; Bessho, Naoki; Hesse, Michael; Giles, Barbara L; Moore, Thomas E (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019)
      The current sheet structure and ion behaviors in a magnetotail reconnection diffusion region are investigated. The multispacecraft analysis suggests a corrugated current sheet structure, interpreted as due to a flapping ...
    • Magnetic Reconnection in a Quasi-Parallel Shock: Two-Dimensional Local Particle-in-Cell Simulation 

      Bessho, Naoki; Chen, Lijen; Wang, Shan; Hesse, Michael; Wilson, Lynn B. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019)
      Magnetic reconnection in a quasi‐parallel bow shock is investigated with two‐dimensional local particle‐in‐cell simulations. In the shock transition and downstream regions, large amplitude magnetic fluctuations exist, and ...
    • Magnetic Reconnection in Three Dimensions: Modeling and Analysis of Electromagnetic Drift Waves in the Adjacent Current Sheet 

      Ergun, Robert E; Hoilijoki, Sanni; Ahmadi, N.; Schwartz, S.J.; Wilder, F.D.; Drake, James F.; Hesse, Michael; Shay, Michael A.; Ji, H.; Yamada, M; Graham, Daniel B.; Cassak, P.A.; Swisdak, M; Burch, J. L.; Torbert, R.B.; Holmes, JC; Stawarz, JE; Goodrich, Katherine A; Eriksson, S.; Strangeway, Robert J.; LeContel, O (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019)
      We present a model of electromagnetic drift waves in the current sheet adjacent to magnetic reconnection at the subsolar magnetopause. These drift waves are potentially important in governing 3‐D structure of subsolar ...
    • Mass‐loading the Earth's dayside magnetopause boundary layer and its effect on magnetic reconnection 

      Fuselier, Stephen; Trattner, K.J.; Petrinec, Steve M.; Denton, Mike; Toledo, Sergio P.A.; Andrè, M.; Aunai, N; Chappell, Charles Richard; Glocer, Alex; Haaland, Stein; Hesse, Michael; Kistler, Lynn M.; Li, Wenya; Moore, T. E.; Graham, Daniel B.; Alm, Love; Tenfjord, Paul; Dargen, Jeremy; Vines, Sarah; Nykyri, K.; Burch, James L; Strangeway, Robert J. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019)
      When the interplanetary magnetic field is northward for a period of time, O+ from the high‐latitude ionosphere escapes along reconnected magnetic field lines into the dayside magnetopause boundary layer. Dual‐lobe reconnection ...
    • Observational Evidence of Magnetic Reconnection in the Terrestrial Bow Shock Transition Region 

      Wang, Shan; Chen, Li-Jen; Bessho, Naoki; Hesse, Michael; Wilson, Lynn B.; Giles, Barbara; Moore, Thomas E.; Russell, Christopher T.; Torbert, Roy B.; Burch, James L. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019)
      We report evidence of magnetic reconnection in the transition region of the Earth's bow shock when the angle between the shock normal and the immediate upstream magnetic field is 65°. An ion‐skin‐depth‐scale current sheet ...
    • Three-Dimensional Magnetic Reconnection With a Spatially Confined X-Line Extent: Implications for Dipolarizing Flux Bundles and the Dawn-Dusk Asymmetry 

      Liu, Yi-Hsin; Li, TC; Hesse, Michael; Sun, WJ; Liu, J; Burch, J; Slavin, James Arthur; Huang, K. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019)
      Using 3‐D particle‐in‐cell simulations, we study magnetic reconnection with the X‐line being spatially confined in the current direction. We include thick current layers to prevent reconnection at two ends of a thin current ...