• Blood neurofilament light concentration at admittance: a potential prognostic marker in COVID‑19 

      Aamodt, Anne Hege; Høgestøl, Einar August; Popperud, Trine Haug; Holter, Jan Cato; Dyrhol-Riise, Anne Ma; Tonby, Kristian; Stiksrud, Birgitte; Berge, Tone; Barratt-Due, Andreas; Aukrust, Pål; Heggelund, Lars; Blennow, Kaj; Zetterberg, Henrik; Harbo, Hanne Flinstad; Quist‑Paulsen, Else (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      Objective To test the hypotheses that blood biomarkers for nervous system injury, serum concentrations of neurofilament light chain protein (NfL) and glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAp) can serve as biomarkers for ...
    • Clinical characteristics, risk factors and outcomes in patients with severe COVID-19 registered in the ISARIC WHO clinical characterisation protocol: a prospective, multinational, multicentre, observational study 

      Reyes, Luis Felipe; Murthy, Srinivas; Garcia-Gallo, Esteban; Irvine, Mike; Merson, Laura; Martin-Loeches, Ignacio; Rello, Jordi; Taccone, Fabio S.; Fowler, Robert A.; Docherty, Annemarie B.; Kartsonaki, Christiana; Aragao, Irene; Barrett, Peter W.; Beane, Abigail; Burrell, Aidan J.C.; Cheng, Matthew Pellan; Christian, Michael D.; Cidade, Jose Pedro; Citarella, Barbara Wanjiru; Donnelly, Christl A.; Fernandes, Susana M.; French, Craig; Haniffa, Rashan; Harrison, Ewen M.; Ho, Antonia Ying Wai; Joseph, Mark; Khan, Irfan Ahmad; Kho, Michelle E.; Kildal, Anders Benjamin; Kutsogiannis, Demetrios; Lamontagne, François; Bekken, Gry Klouman; Dudman, Susanne Gjeruldsen; Dyrhol-Riise, Anne Ma; Heggelund, Lars; Hesstvedt, Liv; Holten, Aleksander Rygh; Holter, Jan Cato; Jenum, Synne; Johal, Simreen Kaur; Lind, Andreas; Müller, Fredrik; Muller, Karl Erik; Pettersen, Frank O.; Quist-Paulsen, Else; Reikvam, Dag Henrik; Skeie, Linda Gail; Skogen, Vegard; Stiksrud, Birgitte; Tonby, Kristian (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2022)
      Due to the large number of patients with severe coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), many were treated outside the traditional walls of the intensive care unit (ICU), and in many cases, by personnel who were not trained ...
    • Elevated markers of gut leakage and inflammasome activation in COVID-19 patients with cardiac involvement 

      Hoel, Hedda Benedicte; Heggelund, Lars; Reikvam, Dag Henrik; Stiksrud, Birgitte; Ueland, Thor; Michelsen, Annika; Otterdal, Kari; Muller, Karl Erik; Lind, Andreas; Müller, Fredrik; Dudman, Susanne Gjeruldsen; Aukrust, Pål; Dyrhol-Riise, Anne Ma; Holter, Jan Cato; Trøseid, Marius (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      Background A high proportion of COVID‐19 patients have cardiac involvement, even those without known cardiac disease. Downregulation of angiotensin converting enzyme 2 (ACE2), a receptor for SARS‐CoV‐2 and the renin‐angiotensin ...
    • Hepcidin and Ferritin Predict Microbial Etiology in Community-Acquired Pneumonia 

      Oppen, Kjersti; Ueland, Thor; Siljan, William Ward; Skadberg, Øyvind; Brede, Cato; Lauritzen, Trine; Aukrust, Pål; Steinsvik, Trude; Husebye, Einar; Michelsen, Annika; Holter, Jan Cato; Heggelund, Lars (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      Background Iron is crucial for survival and growth of microbes. Consequently, limiting iron availability is a human antimicrobial defense mechanism. We explored iron and iron-related proteins as potential biomarkers in ...
    • Hepcidin predicts 5-year mortality after community-acquired pneumonia 

      Oppen, Kjersti; Ueland, Thor; Michelsen, Annika Elisabet; Aukrust, Pål; Steinsvik, Trude; Skadberg, Øyvind; Brede, Cato; Siljan, William Ward; Husebye, Einar; Holter, Jan Cato; Heggelund, Lars (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2022)
      Background Virtually all living organisms, including microbes and humans, depend on iron to survive and grow. During an infection, the plasma level of iron and several iron-related proteins change substantially. We ...
    • Increased interleukin-6 and macrophage chemoattractant protein-1 are associated with respiratory failure in COVID-19 

      Jørgensen, Marthe Jøntvedt; Holter, Jan Cato; Christensen, Erik; Schjalm, Camilla; Tonby, Kristian; Pischke, Soeren; Jenum, Synne; Skeie, Linda Gail; Nur, Sarah; Lind, Andreas; Opsand, Hanne; Enersen, Tone Burvald; Grøndahl, Ragnhild; Hermann, Anne; Dudman, Susanne Gjeruldsen; Müller, Fredrik; Ueland, Thor; Mollnes, Tom Eirik; Aukrust, Pål; Heggelund, Lars; Holten, Aleksander Rygh; Dyrhol-Riise, Anne Ma (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020-12)
      In SARS-CoV-2 infection there is an urgent need to identify patients that will progress to severe COVID-19 and may benefit from targeted treatment. In this study we analyzed plasma cytokines in COVID-19 patients and ...
    • Mapping the human genetic architecture of COVID-19 

      Niemi, Mari E.K.; Karjalainen, Juha; Liao, Rachel G.; Neale, Benjamin M.; Daly, Mark; Ganna, Andrea; Pathak, Gita A.; Andrews, Shea J.; Kanai, Masahiro; Veerapen, Kumar; Fernandez-Cadenas, Israel; Schulte, Eva C.; Striano, Pasquale; Afset, Jan Egil; Solligård, Erik; Damås, Jan Kristian; Risnes, Kari; Bettini, Laura Rachele; Gustad, Lise Tuset; Holter, Jan Cato; Hov, Johannes Espolin Roksund; Karlsen, Tom Hemming; Folseraas, Trine; Holten, Aleksander Rygh; Dyrhol-Riise, Anne Ma; Tonby, Kristian; Lind, Andreas; Müller, Fredrik; Dudman, Susanne Gjeruldsen; Grimsrud, Marit Mæhle; Vadla, May Sissel; Myhre, Ronny; Kildal, Anders Benjamin; Hoff, Dag Arne Lihaug; Muller, Karl Erik; Heggelund, Lars; Bergan, Jonas; Skogen, Vegard (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      The genetic make-up of an individual contributes to the susceptibility and response to viral infection. Although environmental, clinical and social factors have a role in the chance of exposure to SARS-CoV-2 and the severity ...
    • Systemic complement activation is associated with respiratory failure in COVID-19 hospitalized patients 

      Holter, Jan Cato; Pischke, Soeren; de Boer, Eline; Lind, Andreas; Jenum, Synne; Holten, Aleksander Rygh; Tonby, Kristian; Barratt-Due, Andreas; Sokolova, Marina; Schjalm, Camilla; Chaban, Viktoriia; Kolderup, Anette; Tran, Trung; Tollefsrud Gjølberg, Torleif; Skeie, Linda Gail; Hesstvedt, Liv; Ormåsen, Vidar; Fevang, Børre; Austad, Cathrine; Muller, Karl Erik; Fladeby, Cathrine; Holberg-Petersen, Mona; Halvorsen, Bente; Müller, Fredrik; Aukrust, Pål; Dudman, Susanne Gjeruldsen; Ueland, Thor; Andersen, Jan Terje; Lund-Johansen, Fridtjof; Heggelund, Lars; Dyrhol-Riise, Anne Ma; Mollnes, Tom Eirik (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Respiratory failure in the acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) pandemic is hypothesized to be driven by an overreacting innate immune response, where the complement system is a key player. In this prospective ...