• AME: A Cross-Scale Constellation of CubeSats to Explore Magnetic Reconnection in the Solar–Terrestrial Relation 

      Dai, Lei; Wang, Chi; Cai, Zhiming; Gonzalez, Walter D.; Hesse, Michael; Escoubet, Philippe; Phan, Tai D.; Vasyliunas, Vytenis; Lu, Quanming; Li, Lei; Kong, Linggao; Dunlop, Malcolm W.; Nakamura, Rumi; He, Jianshen; Fu, Huishan; Zhou, M.; Huang, Shiyong; Wang, Rongsheng; Khotyaintsev, Yuri V.; Graham, D. B.; Retinò, Alessandro; Zelenyi, Lev; Grigorenko, Elena E.; Runov, Andrei; Angelopoulos, Vassilis; Kepko, Larry; Hwang, Kyoung-Joo; Zhang, Yongcun (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      A major subset of solar–terrestrial relations, responsible, in particular, for the driver of space weather phenomena, is the interaction between the Earth's magnetosphere and the solar wind. As one of the most important ...
    • Cluster and MMS simultaneous observations of magnetosheath high speed jets and their impact on the magnetopause 

      Escoubet, C. P.; Hwang, KJ; Toledo-Redondo, Sergio; Turc, Lucile; Haaland, Stein; Aunai, N; Dargent, Jeremy; Eastwood, Jonathan P.; Fear, Robert C.; Fu, H.; Genestreti, Kevin; Graham, Daniel B.; Khotyaintsev, Yuri V.; Lapenta, G.; Lavraud, Benoit; Norgren, Cecilia; Sibeck, David G.; Varsani, Ali; Berchem, J.; Dimmock, A (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020-01-31)
      When the supersonic solar wind encounters the Earth's magnetosphere a shock, called bow shock, is formed and the plasma is decelerated and thermalized in the magnetosheath downstream from the shock. Sometimes, however, due ...
    • Electron Acceleration and Thermalization at Magnetotail Separatrices 

      Norgren, Astrid Elisabet Cecilia; Hesse, Michael; Graham, Daniel B.; Khotyaintsev, Yuri V.; Tenfjord, Paul; Vaivads, Andris; Steinvall, Konrad; Xu, Yin; Gershman, Daniel J; Lindqvist, Per-Arne; Plaschke, Ferdinand; Burch, James L (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      In this study we use the Magnetospheric Multiscale mission to investigate the electron acceleration and thermalization occurring along the magnetic reconnection separatrices in the magnetotail. We find that initially cold ...
    • Electron Bernstein waves driven by electron crescents near the electron diffusion region 

      Li, Wenya; Graham, D. B.; Khotyaintsev, Yuri V.; Vaivads, Andris; André, Mats; Min, K.; Liu, K.; Tang, B.B.; Wang, C.; Fujimoto, K.; Norgren, Astrid Elisabet Cecilia; Toledo-Redondo, Sergio; Lindqvist, Per-Arne; Ergun, R.E.; Torbert, Roy B.; Rager, A.C.; Dorelli, J.C.; Gershman, D.J.; Giles, B. L.; Lavraud, B.; Plaschke, F.; Magnes, W.; Le Contel, Olivier; Russell, Christopher T.; Burch, J. L. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      The Magnetospheric Multiscale (MMS) spacecraft encounter an electron diffusion region (EDR) of asymmetric magnetic reconnection at Earth’s magnetopause. The EDR is characterized by agyrotropic electron velocity distributions ...
    • Electron Heating by Debye-Scale Turbulence in Guide-Field Reconnection 

      Khotyaintsev, Yuri V.; Graham, Daniel B.; Steinvall, Konrad; Alm, Love; Vaivads, Andris; Johlander, Andreas; Norgren, Astrid Elisabet Cecilia; Li, Wenya; Divin, Andrey; Fu, Huishan; Hwang, Kyoung-Joo; Burch, James L; Ahmadi, Narges; Le Contel, Olivier; Gershman, Daniel J; Russell, Christopher T.; Torbert, R. B. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      We report electrostatic Debye-scale turbulence developing within the diffusion region of asymmetric magnetopause reconnection with a moderate guide field using observations by the Magnetospheric Multiscale mission. We show ...
    • Lower-Hybrid Drift Waves Driving Electron Nongyrotropic Heating and Vortical Flows in a Magnetic Reconnection Layer 

      Chen, Li-Jen; Wang, Shan; Le Contel, Olivier; Rager, A.; Hesse, Michael; Drake, J. F.; Dorelli, J.; Ng, J.; Bessho, Naoki; Graham, D. B.; Wilson, Lynn B.; Moore, T. E.; Giles, B. L.; Paterson, W.; Lavraud, B.; Genestreti, K.; Nakamura, Rumi; Khotyaintsev, Yuri V.; Ergun, R.E.; Torbert, Roy B.; Burch, J. L.; Pollock, C.; Russell, Christopher T.; Lindqvist, Per-Arne; Avanov, Levon (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      We report measurements of lower-hybrid drift waves driving electron heating and vortical flows in an electron-scale reconnection layer under a guide field. Electrons accelerated by the electrostatic potential of the waves ...
    • MMS Observations of Multiscale Hall Physics in the Magnetotail 

      Alm, Love; André, Mats; Graham, Daniel B.; Khotyaintsev, Yuri V.; Vaivads, Andris; Chappell, Charles Richard; Dargent, Jérémy; Fuselier, Stephen A.; Haaland, Stein; Lavraud, Benoit; Li, Wenya; Tenfjord, Paul; Toledo-Redondo, Sergio; Vines, Sarah K. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019)
      We present Magnetospheric Multiscale mission (MMS) observations of Hall physics in the magnetotail, which compared to dayside Hall physics is a relatively unexplored topic. The plasma consists of electrons, moderately cold ...