• First 10 Months of TGF Observations by ASIM 

      Østgaard, Nikolai; Neubert, Torsten; Reglero, Victor; Ullaland, Kjetil; Yang, Shiming; Genov, Georgi; Marisaldi, Martino; Mezentsev, Andrey; Kochkin, Pavlo; Lehtinen, Nikolai; Sarria, David; Qureshi, Bilal Hasan; Solberg, Arne Olav; Maiorana, Carolina; Albrechtsen, Kjetil; Budtz-Jørgensen, Carl; Kuvvetli, Irfan; Christiansen, Freddy; Chanrion, Olivier; Heumesser, Matthias; Navarro-Gonzalez, Javier; Connell, Paul H.; Eyles, Christopher J; Christian, Hugh J.; Al-Nussirat, Samer (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019)
      The Atmosphere‐Space Interactions Monitor (ASIM) was launched to the International Space Station on 2 April 2018. The ASIM payload consists of two main instruments, the Modular X‐ray and Gamma‐ray Sensor (MXGS) for imaging ...
    • Gamma Ray Glow Observations at 20-km Altitude 

      Østgaard, Nikolai; Christian, Hugh J.; Grove, J. Eric; Sarria, David; Mezentsev, Andrey; Kochkin, Pavlo; Lehtinen, Nikolai; Quick, Mason; Al-Nussirat, Samer; Wulf, Eric; Genov, Georgi; Ullaland, Kjetil; Marisaldi, Martino; Yang, Shiming; Blakeslee, Richard J. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019)
      In the spring of 2017 an ER‐2 aircraft campaign was undertaken over continental United States to observe energetic radiation from thunderstorms and lightning. The payload consisted of a suite of instruments designed to ...
    • In‐Flight Observation of Positron Annihilation by ILDAS 

      Kochkin, Pavlo; Sarria, David; Skeie, Chris Alexander; Van Deursen, Alexander P.J.; de Boer, A; Bardet, Michiel; Allasia, Cedric; Flourens, Franck; Østgaard, Nikolai (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2018-08)
      We report a 511‐keV photon flux enhancement that was observed inside a thundercloud and is a result of positron annihilation. The observation was made with the In‐flight Lightning Damage Assessment System (ILDAS) on board ...
    • Meter-scale spark X-ray spectrum statistics 

      Carlson, Brant Edward; Østgaard, Nikolai; Kochkin, Pavlo; Grøndahl, Øystein; Nisi, Ragnhild Schrøder; Weber, Kristian; Scherrer, Zack; LeCaptain, Kristian (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2015-11-13)
      X-ray emission by sparks implies bremsstrahlung from a population of energetic electrons, but the details of this process remain a mystery. We present detailed statistical analysis of X-ray spectra detected by multiple ...
    • The modular X- and gamma-ray sensor (MXGS) of the ASIM Payload on the International Space Station 

      Østgaard, Nikolai; Balling, Jan E.; Bjørnsen, Thomas Riis; Brauer, Peter; Budtz-Jørgensen, Carl; Bujwan, Waldemar; Carlson, Brant Edward; Christiansen, Freddy; Connell, Paul; Eyles, Chris; Fehlker, Dominik; Genov, Georgi; Grudzinski, Pawel; Kochkin, Pavlo; Kohfeldt, Anja; Kuvvetli, Irfan; Thomsen, Per Lundahl; Pedersen, Søren Møller; Navarro-Gonzalez, Javier; Neubert, Torsten; Njøten, Kåre; Orleanski, Piotr; Qureshi, Bilal Hasan; Cenkeramaddi, Linga Reddy; Reglero, Victor; Reina, Manuel; Rodrigo, Juan Manuel; Rostad, Maja Elise; Sabau, Maria D.; Kristensen, Steen Savstrup; Skogseide, Yngve; Solberg, Arne Olav; Stadsnes, Johan; Ullaland, Kjetil; Yang, Shiming (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019-02-18)
      The Modular X- and Gamma-ray Sensor (MXGS) is an imaging and spectral X- and Gamma-ray instrument mounted on the starboard side of the Columbus module on the International Space Station. Together with the Modular Multi-Spectral ...