• An Equatorial–Extratropical Dipole Structure of the Atlantic Niño 

      Nnamchi, Hyacinth C; Li, Jianping; Kucharski, Fred; Kang, In-Sik; Keenlyside, Noel; Chang, Ping; Farneti, Riccardo (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2016)
      Equatorial Atlantic variability is dominated by the Atlantic Niño peaking during the boreal summer. Studies have shown robust links of the Atlantic Niño to fluctuations of the St. Helena subtropical anticyclone and Benguela ...
    • Thermodynamic controls of the Atlantic Niño 

      Nnamchi, Hyacinth C; Li, Jianping; Kucharski, Fred; Kang, In-Sik; Keenlyside, Noel; Chang, Ping; Farneti, Riccardo (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2015-11-26)
      Prevailing theories on the equatorial Atlantic Niño are based on the dynamical interaction between atmosphere and ocean. However, dynamical coupled ocean-atmosphere models poorly simulate and predict equatorial Atlantic ...
    • Weakening Atlantic Niño-Pacific connection under greenhouse warming 

      Jia, Fan; Cai, Wenju; Wu, Lixin; Gan, Bolan; Wang, Guojian; Kucharski, Fred; Chang, Ping; Keenlyside, Noel (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019-08-21)
      Sea surface temperature variability in the equatorial eastern Atlantic, which is referred to as an Atlantic Niño (Niña) at its warm (cold) phase and peaks in boreal summer, dominates the interannual variability in the ...