• Collisionless Magnetic Reconnection in an Asymmetric Oxygen Density Configuration 

      Kolstø, Håkon Midthun; Hesse, Michael; Norgren, Astrid Elisabet Cecilia; Tenfjord, Paul; Spinnangr, Susanne Flø; Kwagala, Norah Kaggwa (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Combined with the magnetic field, the distribution of charged particles in the inflow region is expected to control the rate of magnetic reconnection. This paper investigates how the reconnection process is altered by a ...
    • How Often Do Thermally Excited 630.0 nm Emissions Occur in the Polar Ionosphere? 

      Kwagala, Norah Kaggwa; Oksavik, Kjellmar; Lorentzen, Dag Arne; Johnsen, Magnar Gullikstad (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2018-01)
      This paper studies thermally excited emissions in the polar ionosphere derived from European Incoherent Scatter Svalbard radar measurements from the years 2000–2015. The peak occurrence is found around magnetic noon, where ...
    • Interaction of Cold Streaming Protons with the Reconnection Process 

      Tenfjord, Paul; Hesse, Michael; Norgren, Astrid Elisabet Cecilia; Spinnangr, Susanne Flø; Kolstø, Håkon Midthun; Kwagala, Norah Kaggwa (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      We employ a 2.5D particle-in-cell simulation to study a scenario where the reconnection process captures cold streaming protons. As soon as the tailward streaming protons become involved, they contribute to the overall ...
    • A new Look at the Electron Diffusion Region in Asymmetric Magnetic Reconnection 

      Hesse, Michael; Norgren, Astrid Elisabet Cecilia; Tenfjord, Paul; James L., Burch; Liu, Yi‐Hsin; Bessho, Naoki; Wang, Shan; Kolstø, Håkon Midthun; Spinnangr, Susanne Flø; Ergun, Robert E; Moretto, Therese; Kwagala, Norah Kaggwa (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      A new look at the structure of the electron diffusion region in collision less magnetic reconnection is presented. The research is based on a particle-in-cell simulation of asymmetric magnetic reconnection, which includes ...
    • On the contribution of thermal excitation to the total 630.0 nm emissions in the northern cusp ionosphere 

      Kwagala, Norah Kaggwa; Oksavik, Kjellmar; Lorentzen, Dag Arne; Johnsen, Magnar Gullikstad (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2017-01)
      Direct impact excitation by precipitating electrons is believed to be the main source of 630.0 nm emissions in the cusp ionosphere. However, this paper investigates a different source, 630.0 emissions caused by thermally ...
    • On the Impact of a Streaming Oxygen Population on Collisionless Magnetic Reconnection 

      Kolstø, Håkon Midthun; Hesse, Michael; Norgren, Astrid Elisabet Cecilia; Tenfjord, Paul; Spinnangr, Susanne Flø; Kwagala, Norah Kaggwa (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Using 2.5-D Particle-In-Cell (PIC) simulations, we investigate how magnetotail reconnection is affected by a cold, streaming, oxygen plasma population, attributed to an ionospheric source, in the inflow region. As the ...
    • Seasonal and Solar Cycle Variations of Thermally Excited 630.0 nm Emissions in the Polar Ionosphere 

      Kwagala, Norah Kaggwa; Oksavik, Kjellmar; Lorentzen, Dag Arne; Johnsen, Magnar Gullikstad; Laundal, Karl Magnus (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2018-08)
      Solar cycle and seasonal variations have been found in the occurrence of strong thermally excited 630.0 nm emissions in the polar ionosphere. Measurements from the European Incoherent Scatter Svalbard Radar have been used ...
    • Thermally excited 630.0 nm emissions in the polar ionosphere 

      Kwagala, Norah Kaggwa (Doctoral thesis, 2018-08-24)
      This thesis investigates the importance and significance of thermally excited 630.0 nm emissions in the cusp and polar ionosphere. Thermal excitation by heated ambient electrons in the cusp and polar ionosphere is a rarely ...
    • Validating the Space Weather Modeling Framework (SWMF) for applications in northern Europe: Ground magnetic perturbation validation 

      Kwagala, Norah Kaggwa; Hesse, Michael; Moretto, Therese; Tenfjord, Paul; Norgren, Astrid Elisabet Cecilia; Tóth, Gábor; Gombosi, Tamás I.; Kolstø, Håkon Midthun; Spinnangr, Susanne Flø (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      In this study we investigate the performance of the University of Michigan’s Space Weather Modeling Framework (SWMF) in prediction of ground magnetic perturbations (ΔB) and their rate of change with time (dB/dt), which is ...