• Diabatic heating governs the seasonality of the Atlantic Niño 

      Nnamchi, Hyacinth C; Latif, Mojib; Keenlyside, Noel; Kjellsson, Joakim; Richter, Ingo (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      The Atlantic Niño is the leading mode of interannual sea-surface temperature (SST) variability in the equatorial Atlantic and assumed to be largely governed by coupled ocean-atmosphere dynamics described by the Bjerknes-feedback ...
    • The impact of mean state errors on equatorial Atlantic interannual variability in a climate model 

      Ding, Hui; Keenlyside, Noel; Latif, Mojib; Park, Wonsun; Wahl, Sebastian (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2015-02-23)
      Observations show that the Equatorial Atlantic Zonal Mode (ZM) obeys similar physics to the El Niño Southern Oscillation (ENSO): positive Bjerknes and delayed negative feedbacks. This implies the ZM may be predictable on ...
    • North Atlantic multi-decadal variability - mechanisms and predictability 

      Keenlyside, Noel; Ba, Jin; Mecking, Jennifer V.; Omrani, Nour-Eddine; Latif, Mojib; Zhang, Rong; Msadek, Rym (World Scientific Series on Asia-Pacific Weather and Climate, Chapter; Peer reviewed, 2015-10)
      The North Atlantic Ocean undergoes pronounced basin-wide, multi-decadal variations. The corresponding fluctuations in sea surface temperature (SST) have become known as the Atlantic Multi-decadal Oscillation (AMO) or ...
    • A Satellite Era Warming Hole in the Equatorial Atlantic Ocean 

      Nnamchi, Hyacinth C; Latif, Mojib; Keenlyside, Noel; Park, Wonsun (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Observations during the satellite era 1979–2018 only depict small sea surface temperature (SST) trends over the Equatorial Atlantic cold tongue region in boreal summer. This lack of surface warming of the cold tongue, ...
    • Uncertainty in twenty-first century projections of the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation in CMIP3 and CMIP5 models 

      Reintges, Annika; Martin, Thomas; Latif, Mojib; Keenlyside, Noel (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2016-05-26)
      Uncertainty in the strength of the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation (AMOC) is analyzed in the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project Phase 3 (CMIP3) and Phase 5 (CMIP5) projections for the twenty-first century; ...